Problems in Land Reforms in Bangladesh:
1. Problems in Land Record:
Land records are ill maintained, causing severe hardship to the farmers. Land records are
maintained on old and fragile papers.
2. Problems in Land Survey:
The surveys were conducted long ago. The survey work is huge and needs enormous resources.
3. Problems in Tenancy and Barga Chas of Land:
In many states tenancy is oral. The weaker partner (tenant/landowner) in the contract seldom
gets the intended results. Concealed tenancy and reverse tenancy have become normal. These
are more exploitative than earlier.
4. Problems of Female Cultivators:
Female cultivators have been neglected both due to legal impediments and social norms.
Difficulties in passing a gender sensitive legislation, as emerged in the Women’s Representation
bill, may feature here also.
5. Problems in Khas Land Distribution:
6. Problems in Land Conversion:
7. Problems of the Land under Forest Department:
Forest lands under legal ownership of the Forest Department are degrading alarmingly.
8. Problems in Laws related to the Land:
Land-related laws are numerous and in cohesive.
9. Problems of Judicial Process (Lengthy):
10. Problems of Bribery in Sub-Registrar and Tehsil Office:
My Recommendation for overcoming those problems:
1. The State should guarantee a clear land title and improve keeping of land records as well
as Computerize land records.
2. Involve private institutions for land survey.
3. Hindu daughters should have right on the inherited property.
4. Policy should be directed towards locating proper institutional framework to get these
issues incorporated in a broader policy frame.
5. Review the entire legal framework governing land. Five decades of legal expertise and
case histories should help in designing the system.
6. A watch-dog mechanism comprising peasants’ representative, NGO, Social workers
should be developed to check corruption, e.g. bribe, harassment etc. while processing
7. Judicial process must be friendly towards the people. At present around 30 lakh of cases
are pending with different courts of the country, among which around 80 percent appear
to be land related. Immediate reform in judiciary is must to make the same effective,
dianamic and pro-poor people.
8. The functions of record keeping and registration have to be brought within a single
executive process at the field level i.e. Tahsil office and Sub-Registrar’s office both should
come within the jurisdiction of a single executive officer, say the Assistant Commissioner
(AC) of Land.
9. The Record-of-right can be preserved in computer database namely LIS (Land Information
System) and the holders of Record-of-Rights can be given land ownership certificate,
which can help detecting fabricated documents and preventing multiplicity of suits.