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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE

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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE

  1. 1.  Presentation No: 1  Topic: Active and PassiveVoice  Department: HND  Semester: 1  Present By: 4th Group
  2. 2. 1) MalaikaTanveer 2) Kinza Azam 3) Sonia Maqsood 4) Umair Naseer 5) M. Husnain Ali (Group Leader)
  3. 3.  It is a form of verb to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs the action or receives the action. Subject of the verb 1: Performs the actions Then active voice. 2: Receives the action Then passive voice.
  4. 4. ActiveVoice PassiveVoice More direct less direct More forceful less forceful. Less Awkward more Awkward Clearly states the relation between the subject and the action(verb). Not clearly states the meaning We use it because it is more effective in academic and business writing because it is simpler and more direct. We use it because when we want to emphasis (a verb mean give imp,value to someone)the receiver of action. Example: The waiter dropped the tray of food. Example: The tray of food was dropped by the waiter.
  5. 5. When the subject of a sentence performs an action on an object is called active voice. Simple as: The subject does the action, and the object receives the action. For Example: The dog ate my homework. Explanation: The dog is subject here and doing the action it is the one that "ate". meanwhile, "homework" is the object that is receiving this action of eating.
  6. 6.  Active voice always use 1st form of verb.  Example: I write a letter.  (active voice)  Here write is the 1st form of verb.
  7. 7. When the subject is acted upon by the object, is called PassiveVoice. OR The passive voice is basically the opposite of the ActiveVoive. Simple as: The subject receives the action, and the object does the action. For Example: The house is painted by anna.
  8. 8. The house is subject here and receiving this action of " painted“ meanwhile, "anna" is the object and does the action of painting. General Knowledge: PassiveVoice always use 3rd form of verb. Example: A letter is written by me.(passive voice) Here: written is the 3rd form of verb.
  9. 9. Present Past Future Indefinite Yes Yes Yes Continuous Yes Yes No Perfect Yes Yes Yes Perfect Continuous No No No
  10. 10. 1. Subject Object 2. Changes 3. Verb 3rd Form +“by” 4. Object Subject 5. When “Wh” in the sentence then Firstly “by” set in the start and we change according to word. Example.Who By whom.
  11. 11. Tenses ActiveVoice(Verb) PassiveVoice(Verb) Present Indefinite Do/Does + not +V1 Is/Am/Are +V3 Present Continuous Is/Am/Are +V1 + ing Is/Am/Are + Being + V3 Present Perfect Has/Have +V3 Has/Have + Been + V3 Past Indefinite V2 + Did + Not +V1 Was/Were +V3 Past Continuous Was/Were +V1 + ing Was/Were + Being + V3 Past Perfect Had +V3 Had + Been +V3 Future Indefinite Shall/Will +V1 Shall/Will + Be +V3 Future Perfect Shall Have/Will Have + Been +V3 Shall Have/Will Have + Been +V3
  12. 12. *Passive voice formula* New subject + is /are /am + 3rd form of verb + by + new object  Active: She sings a song.(Simple) Passive: A song is sung by her.  Active: She does not sing a Song.(Negative) Passive: A song is not sung by her.
  13. 13.  Active: Does she sing a Song?(Interrogative) Passive: Is A song sung by her?  Active: Does She not sing a Song?(Neg.Interro) Passive: Is a song not sung by her?  Active: Who sings the song?(Wh) Passive: ByWhom is the song sung?
  14. 14. *Passive voice formula* New subject + is /are / am + being + 3rd form of verb + By + new object  Active: She is singing a song.(Simple) Passive: A Song is being sung by her.  Active: She is not singing a Song.(Negative) Passive: A song is not being sung by her.
  15. 15.  Active: Is she singing a song?(Interrogative) Passive: Is a Song being sung by her?  Active: Is she not singing a song?(Neg.Interro) Passive: Is a song not being sung by her?  Active: Who is singing a song?(Wh) Passive: By whom is a song being sung?
  16. 16. *Passive voice formula* New subject + Has/have + been + 3rd form of verb + By + new object  Active: She has sung a Song.(Simple) Passive: A song has been sung by her.  Active: She has not sung a Song.(Negative) Passive: A Song has not been sung by her.
  17. 17.  Active: Has she sung a song?(Interrogative) Passive: Has a song been sung by her?  Active: Has she not sung a song?(Neg.Interro) Passive: Has a song not been sung by her?  Active: Who has sung a song?(Wh) Passive: By whom has a song been sung?
  18. 18. *Passive voice formula* New subject + was / were + 3rd form of verb + by + new object  Active: She sang a Song.(Simple) Passive: A song was sung by her.  Active: She did not sing a song.(Negative) Passive: A Song was not sung by her.
  19. 19.  Active: Did she sing a song?(Interrogative) Passive: Was A song sung by her?  Active: Did she not sing a song?(Neg.Interro) Passive: Was a Song not sung by her?  Active: Who sung a song?(Wh) Passive: ByWhom was the song sung?
  20. 20. *Passive voice formula* New subject + was / were + being + 3rd form of verb +by + new object  Active: I were completing the assignment.(S) Passive: The assignment was being completed by me.  Active: I were not completing the assignment.(N) Passive: The assignment was not being completed by me.
  21. 21.  Active: Were I completing the assignment?(Interro) Passive: Was the assignment being completed by me?  Active: Were I not completing the assignment?(Neg.In) Passive: Was the assignment not being completed by me?  Active: Why did you send him?(Wh) Passive: Why was he sent by you?
  22. 22. *Passive voice formula* New subject + had + being + 3rd form of verb + by + new object  Active:We had trained them well.(Simple) Passive:They had been trained well (by us).  Active: We had not recorded the video.(Negative) Passive:The video had not been recorded (by us).
  23. 23.  Active: Had you called me?(Interro) Passive: Had I been called by you?  Active: Had he not helped you in your assignment?(Neg.Interro) Passive: Had you not been helped in your assignment by him?  Active: Why had you sold the car?(Wh) Passive: Why had the car been sold by you?
  24. 24. *Passive voice formula* New subject + shall / will + be + 3rd form of verb +by + new object  Active: I shall punish them.(Simple) Passive: They will be punished by me.  Active: We shall not follow you.(Negative) Passive: You will not be followed by us.
  25. 25.  Active: Will they laugh at us?(Interro) Passive: Shall we be laughed at by them?  Active: Will they not laugh at us?(Neg.Int) Passive: Shall we not be laughed at by them? Active: Who will not take pictures? Passive : By whom will pictures not be taken?
  26. 26. *Passive voice formula* New subject + shall have / will have + be + 3rd form of verb + new object  Active: I shall have won a prize.(Simple) Passive: A prize will have been won by me.  Active: She will not have forgiven me. (Negative) Passive: I shall not have been forgiven by her.
  27. 27.  Active: Will you have cheated us?(Interro) Passive: Shall we have been cheated by you?  Active: Will you not have cheated us?(Neg.Int) Passive: Shall we not have been cheated by you?  Active: When will Ali have told them everything?(Wh) Passive: When will have everything been told by Ali?

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