O slideshow foi denunciado.
Seu SlideShare está sendo baixado. ×

Historical Cities of Delhi

Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Carregando em…3
×

Confira estes a seguir

1 de 12 Anúncio

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Mais recentes (20)

Anúncio

Historical Cities of Delhi

  1. 1. Historical Cities of Delhi Siva Prasad Bose
  2. 2. Introduction to the Historical Cities In the medieval ages, as different kings, sultans, and emperors ascended to the throne of Delhi, they often sought fit to establish a new capital city for themselves and their dynasty. Sometimes the cities of Delhi are called the seven cities and sometimes the eight cities of Delhi, depending on how we count them and what is included in each city.
  3. 3. Lal Kot or Qila Rai Pithora This was the fort city built and expanded by the Tomar and Chauhan rulers (possibly building up from even earlier constructions by Rajput and other rulers) before the conquest by Mohammed Ghori. It mainly consists of the remnants of a fort and located in South Delhi near Saket, including parts of Mahrauli.
  4. 4. Mehrauli This city is sometimes included in Lal Kot since the boundaries are overlapping. It includes the Mahrauli archeological park and the Qutub Minar complex. It was built by Qutubuddin Aibak after the Islamic conquest of Delhi, with Mohammed Ghori’s victory over Prithviraj Chauhan in the 1192 second battle of Terain. The boundaries were further expanded by his successors including Iltutmish. It is located in South Delhi near Mehrauli, its boundaries overlap with Qila Rai Pithora.
  5. 5. Siri This was the city built by the Khalji rulers that flourished in 14th century, and later expanded by Sher Shah Suri. It was built with thick walls to keep out the Mogol invaders. It encompasses the Siri fort and surrounding areas. It is mainly located near Hauz Khas, including parts of Siri Fort and the village of Shahpur Jat.
  6. 6. Tughlaqabad This was built by the Tughlaq rulers in the 14th century. Tughlaqabad was started by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq who built the Tughlaqabad fort, and whose tomb lies across the road from the fort. Tughlaqabad also includes the nearby Adilabad fort.
  7. 7. Jahanpanah Jahanpanah was started by Mohammed Tughlaq in 1325 AD who combined the existing fortifications of Delhi, Siri and Tughlaqabad. It includes structures such as Bijay Mandal palace ruins and Begumpur mosque. Parts of Jahanpanah are located towards the South of Delhi near Panchsheel enclave and Malviya Nagar.
  8. 8. Firozabad This was founded by Firoze Tughlaq in 1354 AD. It includes parts of Hauz Khas lake and Feroze Shah Kotla fort and madarsa. It is located near the Hauz Khas village and the deer park nearby.
  9. 9. Shergarh This was built by Sher Shah Suri and his successors in the 16th century, although its city limits and surrounding areas also include some ancient parts said to date from the time of the Pandavas. It includes structures such as Purana Qila, Humayun’s tomb, Sunder nursery and Nizamuddin area. This was built over the boundaries of Dinpanah, a city that was started by the Mughal emperor Humayun before he was defeated by Sher Shah Suri in battle.
  10. 10. Shahjahanabad This was the city built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and named after him. The red fort and surrounding areas were completed and inaugurated in 1648 AD. Shahjahanabad encompasses the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Chandni chowk and localities such as Daryaganj. It is located in the north of Delhi in what is often called old Delhi. This has a number of still surviving old city walls and gates such as Kashmere gate, Ajmeri gate and Mori gate.
  11. 11. New Delhi This was the city built by the British rulers of India as the new capital of British India when the capital was moved from Calcutta in 1911. It includes the magnificent Raj path connecting the India gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan, secretariat buildings, many of the central government offices such as Rail Bhavan, as well as markets such as Connaught place. After independence, New Delhi remained the capital of free India and many more government buildings were added.

×