1. CLASS 10: SOCIAL SCIENCE
CHAPTER 2- DEVELOPMENT
SHYAM SUNDAR YADAV
JNV MOULI, PANCHKULA
The process in which someone or
something grows or changes and becomes more advanced
Development is a comprehensive term which includes increase
in real per capita income, improvement in living standard of
people, reduction in poverty, illiteracy, crime rate, etc.
3. People have different developmental goals because
people come from different background.
Different people have different dreams and aspirations.
People set their goals according to the changing
circumstances and the prevailing situation
A-Different persons have different
5. B-Income is a major component of development
National development is the ability of a county or countries to improve the social welfare of the
people e.g by providing social amenities like quality education, potable water, transportation
infrastructure, medical care, etc
The all-round development of a nation in every fields like Agriculture, industries, education, health
within the country is called national development..
Per capita income
KEY INDICATORS OF DEVELOPMENT
6. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Economic growth is the increase in goods & Services
produced by an economy or increasement in any specific
economical or social indicator, considered for a specific
period of time.
Economic Development is the process focusing on both
qualitative and quantitative growth of the economy
means positive change in every aspect of social and
economic indicators for a continuous period of time.
7. The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be
the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average
achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life-
LIFE EXPECTANCY, being knowledgeable-LITERACY RATE and have a
decent standard of living-GNI PER CAPITA INCOME(PCI at PPP).
The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three
Human Development Index
8. The Human Development Report 2019
TOTAL COUNTRY-189 1-NORVEY
per capita (2011
PPP $) 6,829