List of Nuclear power plants in India and the World. Information about the construction, safety features, environmental effects of Kudankulum Nuclear Power Plant. Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Advanatges and disadvantages Nuclear Plant.
2. Table of contents
Advantages and Disadvantages.
Top Powerplants in world and India
Kudankulam Power Plant
Opposition and safety features of Plant
Disposal of Nuclear Waste
The energy released during nuclear fission or
fusion, especially when used to generate
Is nuclear energy a Renewable or Non Renewable
It is considered as Non renewable, although nuclear
energy is itself is a Renewable energy source, the
material used is not.
4. Advantages Disadvantages
1. No Green house gas
2. Fuel efficient
3. Job intensive
4. Resilient in times of
5. Low Operating Cost
1. Accidents could emit
2. No 100% good solution
3. Non renewable fuel
6. Top Nuclear Power Plant in World and India
Highest Capacity in World Capacity
1 Kashuwazaki Kariwa 7956 Kudankulum NPP 2000
2 Bruce Nuclear Generating
6328 Tarapur 1400
3 Kori NPP 6040 Rajasthan 1180
4 Hanul NPP 5928 Kakrapar 1140
5 Hanbit NPP 5875 Kaiga 880
7. Kudankulum Nuclear Power Plant
Kudankulum Nuclear Power Plant is the India Largest Power plant with an installed
capacity of 6000 MWe, currently 2 units with installed capacity 1000 MWe are
650km south of Chennai, in the Tirunelveli
district of Tamil Nadu, India.
Coordinates : 8°10′08″N 77°42′45″E
8. Construction began :
Units 1 & 2 : 31 March 2002
Units 3 & 4 : 29 June 2017
Units 5 & 6 : 14 November 2018
Commission date :
Unit 1: 22 October 2013
Unit 2 : 15 October 2016
Construction cost :
Units 1 & 2: ₹17,270 crore (US$2.83 billion)
Units 3 & 4 : ₹39,849 crore (US$5.66 billion)
Units 5 & 6 : ₹49,621 crore (US$7.05 billion)
9. Reactor Type : VVER ( Pressurized water Reactor)
Coolant and moderator : Light Water
Nameplate capacity : 1,864 MW
Annual net output : 7,134 GW·h (2018) (
Fuel : Uranium (27 tonnes of Uranium is required
each year for 1000 MWe Pressurized water Reactor)
Desalination Plants : Uses the heat from reactor for
desalination of water
Turbine speed : 3000 rpm
Temperature of steam in turbine: 540 degree Celsius
11. Opposition Faced by Kudankulum
• After Fukushima disaster, many questions were
raised about the safety of Kudankulum Plant.
• There are similarities between the Fukushima
and Kudankulum plant.
• In Fukushima 154000 people were evacuated
• The local people and opposition party protested
saying that if any accident took place then the
evacuation of millions of people will be
impossible in short period.
12. Safety Features
1. Passive heat removal system to provide cooling for removal of decay
2. Higher redundancy for safety systems
3. Double containment
4. Larger numbers of control rods
5. Additional shutdown systems for the reactor like second quick-acting
shutdown system and quick boron-injection system
6. Advanced instrumentation systems of advanced technology for
Reactor Systems and Balance of Plant as well as for Plant Computer
13. Safety Features
7. Seismic Considerations
Lowest seismic hazard zone of the
The plant buildings have been
designed for much larger
earthquakes upto magnitude 6.0
Located far off (about 1500 km)
from the tsunamigenic fault
(where tsunamis originate).
14. Disposal of Waste
Dry cask storage uses steel cylinders along with inert
gas or water to seal and store radioactive waste from
spent fuel pool.
The cylinders serve as radiation shield for the
nuclear waste, stopping the radiation from chinaware
Selection of appropriate geologic location for the
storage of high level radioactive waste.
Storing the nuclear waste under then ocean.
Essentially this is a kind of geologic disposal.
15. Environmental Effects
1. The greenhouse gas emissions from nuclear fission
power are much smaller than those associated with
coal, oil and gas therefore the environment is clean.
So no air pollution.
2. Studies have not found any adverse effect on marine
ecology around the nuclear power plant sites.
3. Kudankulam nuclear power project cooling water
system also provides for fish protection, which
ensures fish are not sucked into the intake.
4. The radiation levels of the kudankulum plant are low
so it does not cause any harm.
5. Leakage of radioactive material and waste can have
huge impact on the environment