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Stereotype

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Stereotype

  1. 1.  An oversimplified idea or image about a certain group of people that is widely accepted by others.  Thoughts or ideas currently accepted by a group or society and that present a immutable character.
  2. 2.  A “stereotype” is a generalization about a person or group of persons.  We develop stereotypes when we are unable or unwilling to obtain all of the information we would need to make fair judgments about people or situations.  Television, books, comic strips, and movies are all abundant sources of stereotyped characters.  Stereotypes also evolve out of fear of persons from minority groups.
  3. 3.  All American have guns.  Black people are the best athletes.  Chinese people always eat rice.  Pakistanis are peace lovers.
  4. 4.  One of the more common stereotype examples is stereotypes surrounding race. For example, saying that all Blacks are good at sports is a stereotype, because it’s grouping the race together to indicate that everyone of that race is a good athlete.
  5. 5.  There are also some common stereotypes of men and women, such as:  Men are strong and do all the work.  Men are the "backbone."  Women aren't as smart as a man.  Women can’t do as good of a job as a man.  Girls are not good at sports.  Guys are messy and unclean.  Men who spend too much time on the computer or read are geeks.
  6. 6.  Appearance  Behavior  Attitude
  7. 7.  Stereotypes arise as a way of explaining or justifying differences between groups. Lack of exposure to other groups, cultures, etc.
  8. 8.  Stereotyping is not only hurtful, it is also wrong. Even if the stereotype is correct in some cases, constantly putting someone down based on your preconceived perceptions will not encourage them to succeed.  Stereotyping can lead to bullying from a young age. Jocks and Preps pick on the Nerds and the Geeks; Skaters pick on the Goths, so on and so forth. Stereotyping is encouraging bullying behavior that children carry into adulthood.  Stereotyping can also lead people to live lives driven by hate, and can cause the victims of those stereotypes to be driven by fear. For example, many homosexuals are afraid to admit their sexuality in fear of being judged. It is a lose-lose situation, both for those who are doing the stereotype and those who are victims.
  9. 9.  Prototypically is basically a psychological notion,  Stereo typicality is a sociolinguistic notion.
  10. 10.  Lakoff (an American linguist) says that the use of stereotypes is conscious: this is plausible. He also says that stereotypes change, it can persist in the face of change. They are also typically associated with evaluative features.
  11. 11.  Ethnic stereotypes are regarded as images of others formed in people’s heads. In practice, they consist in projections of certain sets of traits, which are believed to be typical of a given ethnic group.
  12. 12.  An implicit stereotype is the unconscious attribution of particular qualities to a member of a certain social group.  Explicit stereotypes are the result of intentional, conscious, and controllable thoughts and beliefs.
  13. 13.  Gender stereotype is belief about the personal attribute of females and males.  Gender stereotypes are simplistic generalizations about the gender attributes, differences, and roles of individuals and/or groups. Stereotypes can be positive or negative, but they rarely communicate accurate information about others.
  14. 14. The stereotype begins since a baby.  Female Stereotype: If baby was girl, their tendency are more to girlish thing like wear pink clothes, toys like a Barbie doll.  Men stereotype: From the beginning, since they were small boys are taught to be tough, to be protective and to defend themselves.
  15. 15.  To sum up, it can be said, Stereotype is the reflection on how people see members of different groups’ actually behaving, stereotypes change should occur when the relation between the groups is changing and altered.  Stereotypes offer a shortcut for meaning as they convey a lot of information quickly.They condense complex information into character who is easy to recognize and easy to deal with. They are often minority groups.
  16. 16.  In sum, the notion of stereotype came into language studies not so long ago, but it has already been applied to various branches like lexicography, semantics and pragmatics, and has good chances to be integrated in modern linguistic theories

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