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History of wine

Journey of wine in India

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History of wine

  1. 1. Wine Tourism at DodBallapur, Bangalore Rural District Submitted by - Sheetu Goel | M.Recreation – 4TH Sem | Jamia Millia Islamia Thesis 2015 - 16 grapevines were believed to have been introduced from Persia. Surai (Container for Somarasa) was discovered, which was used to store wine in Harappan Civilization. The Epic AgesHarappa Civilization Early man gathered fruits at the bottom of a basket and crushed under the weight of other fruit, to differ in flavor and to have a mildly intoxicating effect. (Pallechia, 2006) Vedic Period Many liquors and intoxicating drinks are mentioned in the vedic literature and both males and females are frequently depicted with drinking cups High consumption of sura which seems to have been a type of rice wine that was fermented with honey. For those of lower social status, drinking also took place in public houses known as Panagarni, (drinking houses) Portuguese Wine began becoming more and more familiar throughout India due to the British influence. As cost of shipping wine to India was very high, the British planted vineyards, in Surat, and also in Kashmir. Portuguese colonists at Goa introduced port-style wine and the production of fortified wines soon spread to other regions. Gupta Period European travelers brought wine to the courts of the Mughal emperors Akbar, Jehangir and ShahJehan. Jahangir became a great connoisseur of wine. Red wines (Kandhari, Anguri) and white wines (Bhokri, Fakdi, Sahebi etc.) were produced Subhadra is depicted holding a trishula (a kind of trident), khadga (sword), wine cup and lotus in her hand and was worshipped by fraudsters, thieves, robbers and forest tribes. women and queens had drinks in the palace on festival days such as Suvasantaka (swing- festival of the vernal full-moon) Some clay cups have been found in large quantities Depictions of drunken women became particularly popular during the Kusana period British Raj Prehistoric It's not only wine but also wine tourism that is increasingly becoming popular in India. And to cash in on its growing popularity, Indian wineries, are investing heavily in setting up the infrastructure to develop the vineyards as tourist destinations. the most common drinks were Sura and Soma but others included Madya, Madira, Madhu, Surasava, Madhasava, Madhu, Phaljam and Kadambari etc. Kalidas too described the drinking of wine by women in his poems, suggesting that intoxication lends them a special charm. In the Mahabharata, the princesses Draupadi and Subhadra, accompanied Krishna and Arjun to the bank of the river Yamuna where they abandoned themselves to drunken joy. Not only improved the wine they found in the 16th century when they came to Goa but introduced a new variety of wine, Vindaloo a dish of meat (pork or rabbit), with red wine and garlic. The famous Persians wine, Shiraz, which was often sent to the Mughal Emperors in India. Mughal Era Wine cup made for the Emperor ShahJahan Jahangir sitting under a decorated canopy, & is served food and drink Shahjahan and wife mumtaj, enjoying Angoori wine Current Trends JOURNEY OF INDIAN WINE India ranks 77th in terms of world wine consumption. The per capita consumption in India is only 0.07 L/person/year. The country accounts for 0.8% of the total wine consumed in Asia.

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