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Submitted by –Sheetu Goel
The Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India. Has been vested with the
responsibility of generating, cultivating and promoting building science and
technology in the sevice of the country.
Since it’s inception in 1947, the Institute has been assisting the building construction
and building material industries in finding timely, appropriate and economical
solutions to the problems of materials, rural and urban housing, energy conservation,
efficiency, fire hazards, structural and foundation problems and disaster mitigation.
At the national level, the Institute has close interaction with BMTPC, HUDCO, DST,
Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Rural Areas, Housing Boards and
Societies of the State Governments, engineering and academic institutions,
construction and building material industries.
Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee
Structures and Foundations
Disaster mitigation including Fire Engineering
To develop new technologies for the
promotion of building materials and systems
To disseminate the results of results of
research far and wide for the good of
To transfer the developed technologies to the
industry for further commercialization.
To carry out applied and basic research in all areas of building science to
solve problems confronting the country in:
To carry out R&D on all aspects of building and housing and assist the building industry
in solving problems of planning, designing, foundations, materials and construction
including disaster mitigation.
All kinds of buildings with a view to achieve economy, comfort, functional efficiency,
speed, productivity in construction, environment preservation and energy conservation.
FOCUS AREAS OF RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT IN CSIR-BBRI
CBRI to work as world class knowledge
base for providing solutions to almost
all area of Building / Habitat planning
and construction including building
materials, construction technology, fire
engineering and disaster
Under the 12th Five Year Plan, the
institute is focusing on green building
ADVANCED BUILDING MATERIALS
Plastic building products
Recycling and reuse of plastic wastes
Weathering of plastics/ composites
Polymers in construction
Polymer composites based on natural
Polymer modified bitumen
Water proofing compound
Sealants and adhesives
Jute-Sisal fibre products
Bagasse-cement boards and panels- agro-waste utilization
Natural fibre based laminates/panels/sheets
Low density board/light weight sandwich panel using
paper industry waste
Thermal insulation of tiles using exfoliated vermiculite waste
MDF( medium density fiber board ) from plywood/veneer waste
Termite prevention in buildings
Prevention of fungi attack in buildings
Solid industrial waste utilization in developing building
Improved brick production and commercialization Of
Manual and mechanized production of bricks and tiles
Design and development of thermally efficient
Fixed chimney brick kiln
Utilization of low grade bio-mass in burning of bricks and
Lime/cement based building bricks through pressing and
Autoclaving/atmospheric steam curing/ moist curing
Nanotechnology in the development of
Durable and ultra high strength concrete Processed fly
Design & development of high performance,
Fiber reinforced high volume fly ash concrete
Air pollution monitoring & control
Water quality monitoring, water supply and resource management
Waste disposal, refuse and recycling
Environmental impact assessment & environmental management
plan (EMP) for projects of process industries and infrastructural
Environmental audit of building material industries
Environmental planning for problem areas
Engineering design and impact assessment of hazardous waste disposal facilities
Computer modeling of surface water, ground water, ambient Air and indoor air quality
Development of plant and machinery for building construction
Use of renewable energy in production of building materials
ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS
·Development of guidelines for green and energy efficient
Development of low cost technologies for economically
Development of space norms & standards for human
Development of space norms & standards for educational &
health care buildings
Industrialized building systems for low & medium rise
Development of guidelines for physically challenged
Guidelines, bye-laws code of practice for use of glass in
Development of climatic zone map of India included in
Evolution of methods for designing energy efficient
Thermal performance of building components and
evaluation of thermal properties of building materials
Solar energy applications in buildings – passive heating
and cooling of buildings
Wind tunnel measurements for estimation of aero
Energy simulation and energy conservation aspects in
buildings to provide comfortable indoor environment
INFORMATION, BUSINESS, DEVELOPMENT & EXTENSION
Dissemination of R&D technologies
through exhibitions, seminars, workshops
and awareness campaigns
Building confidence and capacity by live
Training and skill development
programmes for engineers, artisans and
Counseling for production and use of
Sustainable partnership with all
Support and facilitate states, industries, educational institutions & NGOs in
policy and implementation of innovative housing programme under CSIR 800
HEALTH MONITORING AND
REHABILITATION OF STRUCTURES
Distress diagnosis & strengthening of RC & heritage structures
Assessment of physical condition and techno-economic
analysis of RC structures
Non destructive testing of concrete structures
Assessment of corrosion of reinforcement using half cell
potential and resistively measurements
Stress analysis of structures
Suitable recommendations for repair & protective
Repair & rehabilitation of expansion joint in buildings
Repair & coating materials
Development of cathodic protection system for prevention
of corrosion of reinforcing bars in RCC structures
Post fire assessment & rehabilitation of building structures
Building dynamics, pre and post disaster mitigation & management with
reference to cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and fire hazards in buildings.
Distress diagnosis & strengthening of RC structures against
Vulnerability assessment of buildings due to earthquake/
Constitutive modeling & non linear finite element analysis of
Service life prediction & reliability analysis of structures
Testing of models and prototype structural elements
Geological & geophysical investigation
Foundations and ground improvement
Geo-hazard- earthquakes and landslide studies
Application of remote sensing & GIS
Solid industrial waste & contaminated soil
Fire resistance of building elements and passive fire
Fire spread modeling & simulation
Fire behavior of building materials
Fire retardant coatings
Enclosure fire and response of heat sensitive devices
Use of nanotechnology in the development of fire retardant
Instant, temporary & permanent shelters for disaster
(earthquake/cyclone) prone areas
Recast walling components
Stone masonry blocks
Solid concrete blocks
Partially-recast flooring/roofing systems
Piles for foundation & ground
Under-reamed bored compaction
A technological approach for
employment generation in areas near
fly ash ponds.
Quality bricks from fly ash.
Compressive strength 40 to 80
Water absorption less than 20%.
Efflorescence free product
3000 Bricks per day production
Manpower: 10 persons
Land: 700 Sq.MT.
Power requirement: 10 KW
Suited to small scale industry
CLAY FLYASH BRICKS
Value addition to fly ash
30% saving in fuel in firing as compared to
traditional clay brick technology.
Suitable for manual and semi-mechanized
Raw materials : Moderately plastic clay mass,
fly ash and fuel.
High mechanical strength
Excellent chemical and wear resistance
Very low porosity
Decorative and durable
Suitable for floors and walls to residential,
commercial and industrial buildings.
Single layer flat pressed
medium density fiber board.
Low water absorption
Workable with normal wood
Paint-able, nail-able and
as per IS: 3087
100% wood replacement
Lab scale technology ready for
Panels of coir and cement conforming to
BS:5669 (Part 4) - 1989 and ISO: 8335 -
Low thermal conductivity, better sound
insulation and fire resistance.
Capable of being painted and laminated.
Cost-effective alternative to timber,
particle boards and fiber boards.
Suitable for walling, door paneling,
windows, partitions and false ceiling.
Raw materials: Sisal fiber and
Alternative to single walled press
Light weight, rigid and weather
Screw-able and nail-able.
Adequate thermal insulation and
Panel meets IS: 12406-88
Suitable for walling, door paneling
and roofing applications.
For corrosion protection of
concrete and steel structures
exposed to aggressive
Excellent bond with concrete and
Low water vapor transmission
Coefficient of thermal expansion
comparable to concrete.
Excellent resistance to chemicals
Water resistant gypsum binder.
Color: Grayish white
Bulk density:1000-1200 kg/m3
Compressive strength:20-30 MPa (28
Water absorption: 5-10% (28 days)
Performance in water:No leaching
Suitable for exterior applications for
blocks and masonry mortars, low and
high density glass fiber reinforced
gypsum boards and for commercial
EPS DOOR SHUTTER
Substitute for wood
Conforms to ITADS:3-1992 IS:4020-
Approved by CPWD
Excellent sound and thermal
Can be painted, polished and
Lighter than wooden door
Easy to install using normal
Unique facilities for culturing termites in
Evaluation of pesticides for soil
Experimental stations in Dehradun,
Jorhat, Hyderabad and Bangalore.
Development of herbal termite-repellent
Physical barriers to prevent termite entry
Effectiveness of pesticides as wood
Studies on bio-pesticides.
Testing of termite resistance of building
ELECTRIC CURING OF CONCRETE
Early development of handling
strength in precast concrete
Consistent quality product.
Low voltage (around 60V) to
reduce electrical hazards.
Power consumption: 70 Kwh/m3
55-60% of 28-days strength
attained within 24 hours.
Especially useful in low
Suitable for PCC poles, PSC railway
sleepers and PCC rafters.