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Fuel Cell Powered Car.pptx

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Fuel Cell Powered Car.pptx

  1. 1. Fuel Cell Technologies SELAHATTİN ÇELİK FUEL CELL POWERED CAR Son Güncelleme: 10/03/2022
  2. 2. HYDROGEN It is the most abundant element, accounting for 75% of the mass of the universe. FACTS: -Fuel Cell Car refuels in 3-7 minutes -Hydrogen pressure 700 Bar -Fuel Consumption: 100 km/kg Hydrogen -Fuel Economy: 1.9 Times CNG Hydrogen is an energy carrier POWERSTHE SUN; IT WILL POWEROUR WORLD Energy Density of Hydrogen: 120 MJ/kg «2.5 times more than gasoline» Hydrogen can be produced from different sources, including renewable sources. It can be given as compressed gas or liquid. It can be used by pipeline in some regions. It can be produced on- site from electricity and water using an electrolyser or it can be produced from natural gas with reformer.
  3. 3. What is a Fuel Cell? Emissions only Clean Water!
  4. 4. Fuel Cell Stack Compression Plate and Current Collection Plate Bipolar Plate Membrane Electrode Group Sealing Elements For Single Cell: OCV= 1-1.2 Volts Voltage Under Load=0.45-0.65 Volts
  5. 5. Fuel Cell System
  6. 6. Comparison of Fuel Cell with Batteries
  7. 7. Fuel Cell Values for Cars  It can operate quieter and more efficiently with the same comfort and the same comfort as conventional cars and in the same environments.  Fuel cell cars have the advantages of having built-in power generation in electric car compositions on the vehicle.  Heavy battery in electric cars, long charging-discharge time  70% reserve of lithium element in South America, rest China, Canada, Brazil  Operating costs are the same as diesel and natural gas vehicles in today's conditions.
  8. 8. EMISSIONS Fuel cell electric cars have zero exhaust emissions.  Fuel cell electric vehicles play an important role in the emission reduction targets required for ultra- low emission zones.  They do not produce nitrogen oxide, sulphur dioxide or particulate matter. Hydrogen production from renewable energy sources provides full carbon neutrality from well to wheel perspective and significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions in cities. 
  9. 9. Fuel cell integration on the car platform Fuel cell electric vehicles, parts of battery electric vehicles Shares 90%. Fuel cell cars are actually battery-fuel cell hybrid electric cars that provide the best performance of both technologies. The only difference is a fuel cell power module and hydrogen storage tanks.
  10. 10. Fuel Cell Electric Car Battery Electric Car
  11. 11. What are the problems that have been overcome in the last 20 years?  Hydrogen Storage Problems Exceeded (700 bar composite tank- 1.5 kg H2/kg)  Increasing number of manufacturers and R&D studies  Fuel Cell Life Problems (10,000 hours and above)  Fuel Cell unit volume and weight (3 kW/L and 2kW/kg)  Cold Working Tests  Mass Production Costs  Real-terms usage data of vehicles with rental
  12. 12. Sales Figures (for US) *As of February 2022... Honda Clarity= 41.174 (2017-2022) Toyota Mirai= 9.583 (2016-2022) Ref: https://carsalesbase.com/us-toyota-mirai/ https://carsalesbase.com/us-honda-clarity/ https://carsalesbase.com/us-hyundai-nexo/ Hyundai NEXO= 913 (2018-2022)
  13. 13. Electric Vehicle Price Comparison TOYOTA CBD- FUEL CELL VEHICLE U.S. Sales Price : $59,000 Refill Time : 3-5 MINUTES Distance : 450 km Weight :1800 kg TESLA MODEL S – ELECTRIC VEHICLE U.S. Sales Price : $75,000 Charging Time : 4 – 9 Hours Distance : 400 – 530 km Weight :2250 kg https://www.caranddriver.com/toyota/mirai https://www.caranddriver.com/tesla/model-s
  14. 14. New Mirai – 2022 Model – Range=650 km
  15. 15. Maintenance  Maintenance is very easy, just like electric vehicles, as there are not many moving parts.  Technical personnel who can maintain electric vehicles will also be able to maintain buses powered by a fuel cell system after a small training.  A team will also need to be trained for emergency maintenance of the fuel cell. 
  16. 16.  The world has had a technology that has been widespread and commercialized in fuel cells for 20 years   A technology that has been performed performance tests in the rental system for 10 years before the sales of mass- produced cars  In many countries around the world, the use of hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric buses for emission reduction has increased The use of hydrogen- powered fuel cell electric buses to reduce emissions has increased around the world
  17. 17. Lithium  More than 60 percent of the world's lithium reserves are in Latin America (Chile and Argentina), while other sources are in China (22 percent) and Australia (17 percent).
  18. 18. You have to start today to avoid being left behind
  19. 19. Hydrogen Filling Station Plans in Europe 2030 yılından sonra Avrupa İçten Patlar Otomobil üretiminin yanı sıra dizel araç kullanımı YASAKLANACAK!
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  21. 21. Thank you for listening

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