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• Asif Baloch(Captain)
• Sateesh Hotchandani
• Ahmed Mujtaba Shah
• Zohaib Shaikh
• Shahryar Brohi
• Wajahat Khuhro
• We would like to show our gratitude Ms. Fatima Shaikh,for
giving us a good guideline for assignment throughout numerous
consultations. We would also like to expand our deepest
gratitude to all those who have directly and indirectly guided us
in writing this assignment.
• Many people, especially our classmates and team members
itself, have made valuable comment suggestions on this
proposal which gave us an inspiration to improve our
assignment. We thank all the people for their help directly and
indirectly to complete our assignment.
What We will Cover....................
• Introduction of Agriculture
• Types of Agriculture
• Crops and their types
• Cash crops of Pakistan
• Problems of Agriculture sector
• Agriculture is the practice of cultivating and
farming animals, food and other life forms that
are used to sustain life.
• Cultivated plants or agricultural produce,
such as grain, vegetables, or fruit,
considered as a group.The famous crops
of pakistan is wheat, rice,cotton,sugar
cane and maize most of the countries
importing rice and maize from PAKISTAN.
Types of Crops
There are two crops season in PAKISTAN namely:
• RABI CROPS
• KHARIF CROPS
Cash Crops of Pakistan
• The crops which are grown in Pakistan in
abundance & earn foreign exchange for the
country are called cash crops"
• Fruits and vegetables
Cotton is called the plant of warm temprature regions.
It is said the for the first time cotton was planted in the Indo-Pak
sub- continent 1500 years ago, before the birth of Christ.
Greek Historian Herdotus, has mentioned that a plant
is cultivated in India from which wool is obtained.
From this the information was obtained that Indian
cotton was exported to Europe and Middle east
Wheat is the grassy shaped plant and its height between 21/2
feet to 4 feet.
Pakistan and it occupies an important position in the crops of
moderate regions wheat, compared to other crops.
• In the beginning was cultivated thousands of
years ago and in the beginning it was
cultivated in the Western Asian countries and
in the Nile valley and valleys of Sindh and
Rice is also considered as an important
element of human diet.
This grassy shaped plant is produced mostly in
the areas having of hot and moist climate.
Many varieties of rice are cultivated in the
world and these require different climate and
Rice plant has the height from 3 feet to 6 feet
and the grains in a plant ranges from 30 of 100
and sometimes this number increases to 400
The people of advanced countries of the world use sugar as an
important part of the diet for many years.
The people of ancient times were not aware of sugar and were
not aware of sugarcane and other means of producing sugar.
However sugar was being sold in the markets of China in the
mid of eighteen century.
In the European countries sugar was only found at
the tables of the nobles and rich people.
Sugar is obtained from the plant of sugarcane and in
the beginning this plant was found in India and later
on the Arab planted it in Egypt and in North
It was taken to West Indians islands, Brazil and other
countries for cultivation.
During rainy season, gourds, cucumber, beans,
okra and brinjal are common.
The winter season is the most important for
growing a wide variety of vegetables
including, cauliflower, cabbage, lettuce,
spinach, onion, potato, carrot, radish, turnip,
coriander, fenugreek and peas.
Physical factors of Cash crops
Crop Temperature Rainfall Soil
Cotton 77 to 99F. 30 to 40 inches. Potash, Lime and
Wheat 50 to 60F for
plantation and 80 to
100F for harvesting.
20 to 30 inches. Proper quantity of
sand ,clay &
Rice 70F for sewing and
80 to 90f for
40 inches. Loam.
Sugarcane 65 to 80F. 40 to 70 inches. Phosphorus & lime .
Economical factors of Cash Crops
• For All Cash crops these 5 Economical factors
1. CHEAP LABOUR
2. USE OF GOOD QUALITY SEEDS
3. MEANS OF TRANSPORT
4. ARRANGMENT OF PROPER MARKET
5. NEAR NESS TO MARKETS AND PORTS
Cultivation areas of Cotton in Pakistan
Sindh Punjab Khyber
Toba Tek Singh,
Leiah and D.G
Lorali nad Lasbela .
Ciultivation Areas of Wheat in Pakistan
• Less productive areas of wheat production are included in all the four
provinces of Pakistan. In these areas neither the land is fertile and smooth.
No arrangements of irrigation are possible, so the farmers have to depend
on rain. If it rains in time then it is possible to plant crop otherwise they
have to depend on other areas for food and their other requirements.
Sialkot,Rahim Yar Khan,Sargodha, Bahawalpur,
Bahawal Nagar, Gujrat Muzaffaragarh,Leiah.
Cultivation Areas of Rice in Pakistan
• Rice is not cultivated in all parts of the country.
• 90% of the areas under cultivation is in the province of Punjab and
• In the province of Punjab, area under rice cultivation is increasing.
• whereas in the province of Sindh,area under rice cultivation is
• There is no area to compete with rice cultivation than
the district of Gujranwala and Sialkot.
• Beside these other district such as Lahore, Narowl,
Kasur, Sheikhpura, Okara, Hafizabad are included in
• Sargodha, Hafizabad, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh possess
secondry place in rice cultivation.
Cultivation Areas of Sugarcane in Pakistan
Sindh Punjab Khyber
No cultivation In
MAJOR PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL
SECTOR OF PAKISTAN
1. TECHNO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
Limited Cultivable Area
•Total area of Pakistan
79.6 million hectares.
•23.7 million hectares
used for agriculture.
MEASURES TO REMOVE THESE PROBLEMS
Supply of Agriculture Credit
Water Logging and Salinity Control
Construction of Dames
Provision of HYV Seed(HYV=High yielding variety)
Training of Farmers
Prices of Agricultural Productivities
• Being an agrarian country,agricultural sector
of PAKISTAN’s economy is still
backward.Use of modern techniques,provision
of credit facilities,basic infrasfucture and
agriculture research facilities are needed to
remove the all problems of agriculture sectors.