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Outer space architecture

Architecture of Outer space is a new career for architects that is Starting to flourish and enable architects to participate in the destiny of human race in the next few years to come

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Outer space architecture

  1. 1. ARCHITECTURE IN OUTERSPACE SAMER EL SAYARY Assistant professor of Architectural Engineering
  2. 2. Outer space is the area between airspace and physical areas. It is the empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres.
  3. 3. Space architecture, in its simplest definition, is the theory and practice of designing and building inhabited environments in outer space
  4. 4. The exploration and use of outer space … shall be for peaceful purposes and shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development.
  5. 5. I don't think the human race will survive the next thousand years, unless we spread into space. There are too many accidents that can befall life on a single planet. But I'm an optimist. We will reach out to the stars. “Stephen Hawking
  6. 6. Since 70es novelists imagined natural and manmade crises that would force us to leave earth. But only rich could pay for leaving
  7. 7. “Fifty years after the creation of NASA, our goal is no longer just a destination to reach. Our goal is the capacity for people to work and learn and operate and live safely beyond the Earth for extended periods of time, ultimately in ways that are more SUSTAINABLE and even indefinite.” President Barack Obama (15 April 2010)
  8. 8. “The discovery of water gives a much bigger, potentially complicated picture for water on the moon than what was thought even just a few months ago. This is not your father’s Moon; this is not a dead planetary body, but one with a lot of dynamism in it.” Michael Wargo, Chief Lunar Scientist for Exploration Systems at NASA Headquarters
  9. 9. We need a shelter that protects: 1.Respiratory system : There is very little amounts of oxygen in space so oxygen supplements are needed for survival. Due to the lack high air pressure, air is also pushed out of the lungs.
  10. 10. We need a shelter that protects: 2. Immune system : While in space, the body produces fewer white and red blood cells. Immune system weakens.
  11. 11. We need a shelter that protects: 3. Cardiovascular system : Because there is less oxygen, the body does not receive an adequate amount to keep it functioning.
  12. 12. We need a shelter that protects: 4. No air pressure: Humans who are unprotected will die of suffocation due to the high air pressure. Prevent the body from swelling. The suit keeps a human’s body fluids in a liquid state.
  13. 13. We need a shelter that protects: 5. Extreme temperatures: Temperatures can range from extremely cold, hundreds of degrees below freezing, to many hundreds of degrees above.
  14. 14. Orbitary Architecture
  15. 15. For a long time it was the job of Engineers, It was though that Architects has nothing to do in Outer space architecture
  16. 16. Now Architects had more to offer to this industry
  17. 17. Planetary Architecture
  18. 18. Solving the need for safe, secure and sustainable housing on earth and beyond.
  19. 19. A new map of uranium on the moon has revealed the lunar surface that could provides hopes of a nuclear power industry on the lunar surface, researchers said.
  20. 20. There's a lot of Lunar water present on the moon, and NASA wants to learn how to mine it.
  21. 21. With 10 pounds of simulated lunar dirt (or regolith) in hand, NASA officials approached researchers at Washington State University and challenged them to melt and resolidify the fake moon rock using 3D laser printing technology, which produces objects layer by layer based on a computer model.
  23. 23. Foster + Partners is part of a consortium set up by the ESA to explore the possibilities of 3D printing to construct lunar habitations.
  24. 24. The practice has designed a lunar base to house four people, which can offer protection from meteorites, gamma radiation and high temperature fluctuations.
  25. 25. The geometry of the structure is groundbreaking in demonstrating the potential of 3D printing to create structures that are close to natural biological systems.
  26. 26. Addressing the challenges of transporting materials to the moon, the study is investigating the use of lunar soil, known as regolith, as building matter.
  27. 27. Due to the high quality of competition entries, we have decided to award mentions to the following four projects. Mentions: Mateja Licer – Research Habitat Samer El Sayary – Moon Capitol Habitat Craig McCormick – 100 YSC Jonathan Lim – Aero Astro
  28. 28. Samer El Sayary Architects
  29. 29. Samer El Sayary Architects
  30. 30. Samer El Sayary Architects
  31. 31. Nowadays a lot of foundations are much more interested in conducting architectural competitions in Architecture of outers pace than ever
  32. 32. NASA 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge
  33. 33. The design competition is the first milestone of the 3-D Printed Habitat Challenge, which seeks to foster the development of new technologies necessary to additively manufacture a habitat using local indigenous materials with, or without, recyclable materials, in space and on Earth.
  34. 34. NASA challenged participants to develop architectural concepts to take advantage of the unique capabilities 3-D printing offers to imagine what habitats on Mars might look like using this technology and in-situ resources.
  35. 35. It will take about 220 days to get to mars and about 290 days to come back, you can only stay on the mars surface for about 30 days Mars has 2 satellites The earth is 6,794 km away from the equator Mars is the 4 th planet from the sun A year on mars is 687 of earths days Mars was the god of war in Roman mythology . A new Environment to build in with a new design criteria
  36. 36. NASA has taken a “follow the water” approach to exploration. A unique 3D printing technique harnesses the physics of water and its phase transition to construct ICE HOUSE.
  37. 37. The first prize draws on the abundance of water and persistently low temperatures in Mars’ northern latitudes to create a multi-layered pressurized radiation shell of ice that encloses a lander habitat and gardens within.
  38. 38. The proposal primarily explores protective system in situ shield around a modular 3 inflatable hab. through to the multi-robot microwave regolith melting.
  39. 39. Foster + Partners has been awarded the second prize. The proposal covers not only what form the shelter would take, but how it would be constructed.
  40. 40. Future Engineers 3D Printing Challenge Description of Challenge: Challenge students in Grades K-12 to become the future creators and innovators of tomorrow by using 3D modeling software to submit their designs to the 3D Printing in Space Challenges. The winner will have their design printed in space on the 3D printer aboard the International Space Station. Sponsoring Organization: NASA and ASME Registration Deadline: N/A Challenge Close Date: December 15, 2014 Frequency: One in a series of contests For More Information: http://www.futureengineers.org
  41. 41. THANK YOU Samer El Sayary Assistant Professor of Architecture samer.elsayary@alexu.edu.eg