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Motion Forms paper sculpture by Richard Sweeney
Architecture of Body in Motion
Samer El Sayary
Assistant Professor of
“Time is nature’s way to keep everything from happening all at once.”
John Archibald Wheeler.
Photo by Albert Visage
Motion is a change in position of
an object with respect to time.
Motion is typically described in
terms of any behavior like :
displacement, distance (scalar),
velocity, acceleration, time,
Chronophotography, is the photographic capture of movement over time.
Chronophoto by Jean Yves Lemoigne
Photographer Harold Edgerton
Sometimes also know as stroboscopic images, stepping outside of time
to view the holistic action.
Created by a series of still pictures
combined into a single photograph for
Chronophoto by Jean Yves Lemoigne
enabled us to capture a
spatiotemporal picture that
expresses both an action
and its timing
Chronophoto by Jean Yves Lemoigne
Chronophotography originated as a Victorian application of science (the
study of movement), and art (photography).
Photographs by Andrew Davidhazy
It may come as a surprise in the
twenty-first century to discover
that in the 1880s, details of how
objects move were unknown.
The human eye, unaided, cannot
resolve the details of fast motion.
Eadweard Muybridge and his
experiments with motion
photography, such as this series
of pictures of a horse's gait
helped solve this mystery.
Etienne Jules Marey, chronophotographs from "The Human Body in Action," Scientific American (1914)
It is to the investigations of Mr.
Muybridge and M. Marey that we
are indebted for the most
valuable researches on the
He used a battery of chronophotographic cameras. Some of the
results obtained are shown.
The zoopraxiscope is an early
device for displaying motion
pictures. Created by
Muybridge in 1879
It may be considered the first
The zoopraxiscope projected
images from rotating glass
disks in rapid succession to
give the impression of
Étienne-Jules Marey, Sculptures of birds in flight
Marey succeeded in
photographing the different
phases of the flight of birds -
seagulls, pigeons, herons and
so on published in “Le Vol des
Oiseaux” ("The Flight of
Birds") in 1890.
Let us imagine a straight line explores the meaning of movement and the
limits of perception through multiple stagings of the body in time and space.
It is considered an extension of Marey & Etienne work but using much more
advanced technology to create a real time instant results
Interactive Installation by Butch Rovan
Eleanor Lutz has a degree in
molecular biology, works as a
designer, and loves to
combine the two interests.
She decided to study and
map the motion of birds
using computer to work in
what Marey had started.
She Studied slow-motion videos of
five flying species, and mapped
out specific points on the wings
during one wing beat.
She mapped 15 frames per wing
beat, and connected every frame
using imaginary curves that went
through all of the 15 mapped
Till there was a 3d printer…………..
MakerBot 3D printer
Human Motions Sculpture by Peter Jansen
Artists began to explore the potentials
of the technique after over 100 year
using 3D printing to create physical
Shinichi Maruyama collaborated with choreographer Jessica Lang on the series
Maruyama latest series creates the visual impression using high-speed
photography (2,000 images per second) to immortalize specific moments
by combining 10,000 individual photographs of such moments into a
Professor Lawrence Wallen developed the bodycloud that materialises
the space using human body in motion into a sculpture.
Wallen developed it into next level 3D printing the blurring of the
frames between transitions into one form
The daily Brazilian sports magazine Lance! has created a stroboscopic
images of a gymnast performing a vault that has been converted to a
static object to explore the performance
John Edmark, an
teaches design at Stanford,
has created a series of 3D
Zoetrope” sculptures that
come to life when spun
under a strobe light or are
captured by a video camera
with a very fast shutter
In the hypnotic video above, the 3D printed sculptures are spinning at 550 RPMs while being videotaped at 24 FPS with a
shutter speed of 1/4000 sec (instead of using a strobe light). The rotation speed is carefully synchronized to the camera’s
frame rate so that one frame of video is captured every time the sculpture turns approximately 137.5
chronophotography—is a composite
recording of an object’s movement.
Instead of a photograph, however,
the recording medium here is a full
three-dimensional model of the
Created by Madeline Gannon, CMU School of Architecture.
So Chronomorphology created a design beyond just artwork.
The process includes a three phase workflow
(3D scanning, 3D modeling, and 3D printing)
to enable a designer to craft intricate digital geometries around pre-existing physical
With the core principles of Fit and Flex as inspiration, Nike and digital
artist Daniel Widrig have come together to create an interpretation of
the body in motion using 3d technology and grapping it to reality by 3d
printing the model
He reached unprecedented art work using the cutting edge technology
High speed, in Reggio Emilia inaugurating the station Mediopadana
Even Architectural case studies that
reflect the concept exist though the
architects might not intend it is an
The Beekman” by Gehry MoDus Architects
But we all agree the architects
started using computer and
algorithms in designing buildings
Code was written by Aaron Hertzmann and Matthew Brand. The source code is freely distributed for
educational, research and non-profit purposes.
•d = vo • t + 0.5 • a • t2
•vf = vo + a • t
2 = vo
2 + 2 • a • d
•d = (vo + vf)/ 2 • t
•d = displacement
•t = time
•a = acceleration
•vo = original or initial velocity
•vf = final velocity
We simply added a new parameter to Architectural Design ………(TIME)
We captured the essence of motion through simulation software that
allowed us to create multiple snapshots of an abstract geometric figure
moving in a 3-D space to reinterpret movement and flexibility in
While the figure accelerates, it gradually reconfigures and expands.
After a phase of deceleration, it ultimately halts then accelerates again.
We have come together to create an interpretation of the body in motion,
weaving the threads of nature, technology, design, art and performance to
reflect the concept of the moving universe.
It is to the investigations of Mr. Muybridge and M. Marey that we are indebted
for the most valuable researches on the subject.
The development of these methods of analyzing movement by photography
have enabled us to develop an abstract of Muybridge’s researches, which
were originally published in "La Nature" and their publication in the "Scientific
American Supplement" extended over a period of several years.
We used computer in investigating the motion behavior of birds to understand
the synchronization of its kinetic displacement in space with time.
We created a chronoform installation of abstract wooden sticks derived from
the motion of the previous birds to explore its potentials in design
Motion capture enabled us to push the limits of design to a totally new
Motion capture (Mo-cap for short) is the process of recording the movement of
objects or people. It is used in military, entertainment, sports, medical
applications, and for validation of computer vision and robotics.
ChronophoForm consists in taking a
number of animated frames of any
object at short and regular intervals
of time which has been of the
greatest possible use to science and
results obtained are useful for many
ANALOGY BETWEEN ARCHITECTURE AND THE CONCEPT OF
Samer El Sayary Architects
We pushed the boundaries
further more to explore the
concept in complete
Length: 110 meters
Width: 45 meters
Height: 37 meters
Time: 2 seconds
Bio-Inspiration: Arabian Falcon wings
We applied our approach in Guggenheim Helsinki museum entry
Inspired by the movement of Helsinki Cloudy sky, we called it
Guggenheim the cloud museum
A visible mass of
vapour floating in
typically high above
the general level of
The Original model that was manipulated and processed to the final
Also in response to the context we raised the building above the
historical buildings and studied all perspective angles of the building
We tried to study the quality of the inner space to convey the same
Johannesburg Sub-Urban house, Inspired from the Ocean waves
Again we tried to study the quality of the inner space to convey the same
We believe that universe is connected through a set of rules , we just
started grabbing a thread that might lead to other threads.
In this context we started simulating CFD wind and solar analysis on our
How does human perception can represent the
phenomenology of space?
Design group Numen/For Use
More than three decades of research have demonstrated a role for
hippocampal place cells in representation of the spatial environment in
the brain. New studies have shown that place cells are part of a broader
circuit for dynamic representation of self-location.
Our current research is investigating the impact of Chrono-form on
human perception and it accompanying brain mechanisms
Samer El Sayary Architects