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Architecture of body in motion2015

Public lecture Done during my presentation in Techne Summit 2015 in the Library of Alexandria

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Architecture of body in motion2015

  1. 1. Motion Forms paper sculpture by Richard Sweeney Architecture of Body in Motion Samer El Sayary Assistant Professor of Architecture
  2. 2. “Time is nature’s way to keep everything from happening all at once.” John Archibald Wheeler. Photo by Albert Visage
  3. 3. Motion is a change in position of an object with respect to time.
  4. 4. Motion is typically described in terms of any behavior like : displacement, distance (scalar), velocity, acceleration, time, speed……...etc
  5. 5. Chronophotography, is the photographic capture of movement over time. Chronophoto by Jean Yves Lemoigne
  6. 6. Photographer Harold Edgerton Sometimes also know as stroboscopic images, stepping outside of time to view the holistic action.
  7. 7. Created by a series of still pictures combined into a single photograph for subsequent analysis. Chronophoto by Jean Yves Lemoigne
  8. 8. Chronophotography, enabled us to capture a spatiotemporal picture that expresses both an action and its timing Chronophoto by Jean Yves Lemoigne
  9. 9. Chronophotography originated as a Victorian application of science (the study of movement), and art (photography). Photographs by Andrew Davidhazy
  10. 10. It may come as a surprise in the twenty-first century to discover that in the 1880s, details of how objects move were unknown. The human eye, unaided, cannot resolve the details of fast motion. Eadweard Muybridge and his experiments with motion photography, such as this series of pictures of a horse's gait helped solve this mystery.
  11. 11. Etienne Jules Marey, chronophotographs from "The Human Body in Action," Scientific American (1914) It is to the investigations of Mr. Muybridge and M. Marey that we are indebted for the most valuable researches on the subject.
  12. 12. This is not a Gun…………..
  13. 13. He used a battery of chronophotographic cameras. Some of the results obtained are shown.
  14. 14. The zoopraxiscope is an early device for displaying motion pictures. Created by Muybridge in 1879 It may be considered the first movie projector.
  15. 15. The zoopraxiscope projected images from rotating glass disks in rapid succession to give the impression of motion.
  16. 16. Étienne-Jules Marey, Sculptures of birds in flight Marey succeeded in photographing the different phases of the flight of birds - seagulls, pigeons, herons and so on published in “Le Vol des Oiseaux” ("The Flight of Birds") in 1890.
  17. 17. Let us imagine a straight line explores the meaning of movement and the limits of perception through multiple stagings of the body in time and space. It is considered an extension of Marey & Etienne work but using much more advanced technology to create a real time instant results Interactive Installation by Butch Rovan
  18. 18. Eleanor Lutz has a degree in molecular biology, works as a designer, and loves to combine the two interests. She decided to study and map the motion of birds using computer to work in what Marey had started.
  19. 19. She Studied slow-motion videos of five flying species, and mapped out specific points on the wings during one wing beat. She mapped 15 frames per wing beat, and connected every frame using imaginary curves that went through all of the 15 mapped points.
  20. 20. Till there was a 3d printer………….. MakerBot 3D printer
  21. 21. Human Motions Sculpture by Peter Jansen Artists began to explore the potentials of the technique after over 100 year using 3D printing to create physical artifacts.
  22. 22. Human Motions Sculpture by Peter Jansen
  23. 23. Shinichi Maruyama collaborated with choreographer Jessica Lang on the series Maruyama latest series creates the visual impression using high-speed photography (2,000 images per second) to immortalize specific moments by combining 10,000 individual photographs of such moments into a single image.
  24. 24. Professor Lawrence Wallen developed the bodycloud that materialises the space using human body in motion into a sculpture. Wallen developed it into next level 3D printing the blurring of the frames between transitions into one form
  25. 25. The daily Brazilian sports magazine Lance! has created a stroboscopic images of a gymnast performing a vault that has been converted to a static object to explore the performance
  26. 26. John Edmark, an inventor/designer/artist that teaches design at Stanford, has created a series of 3D printed “Fibonacci Zoetrope” sculptures that come to life when spun under a strobe light or are captured by a video camera with a very fast shutter speed.
  27. 27. In the hypnotic video above, the 3D printed sculptures are spinning at 550 RPMs while being videotaped at 24 FPS with a shutter speed of 1/4000 sec (instead of using a strobe light). The rotation speed is carefully synchronized to the camera’s frame rate so that one frame of video is captured every time the sculpture turns approximately 137.5
  28. 28. Chronomorphology—like its nineteenth-century counterpart chronophotography—is a composite recording of an object’s movement. Instead of a photograph, however, the recording medium here is a full three-dimensional model of the object. Created by Madeline Gannon, CMU School of Architecture.
  29. 29. Abstracting the Idea to a design object
  30. 30. Now a 3d scanner………… WLS400M 3D scanner
  31. 31. So Chronomorphology created a design beyond just artwork.
  32. 32. The process includes a three phase workflow (3D scanning, 3D modeling, and 3D printing) to enable a designer to craft intricate digital geometries around pre-existing physical contexts.
  33. 33. With the core principles of Fit and Flex as inspiration, Nike and digital artist Daniel Widrig have come together to create an interpretation of the body in motion using 3d technology and grapping it to reality by 3d printing the model
  34. 34. He reached unprecedented art work using the cutting edge technology
  35. 35. High speed, in Reggio Emilia inaugurating the station Mediopadana Even Architectural case studies that reflect the concept exist though the architects might not intend it is an chrono-animated form
  36. 36. soma architecture The Beekman” by Gehry MoDus Architects But we all agree the architects started using computer and algorithms in designing buildings
  37. 37. What was our contribution?
  38. 38. Code was written by Aaron Hertzmann and Matthew Brand. The source code is freely distributed for educational, research and non-profit purposes. •d = vo • t + 0.5 • a • t2 •vf = vo + a • t •vf 2 = vo 2 + 2 • a • d •d = (vo + vf)/ 2 • t where •d = displacement •t = time •a = acceleration •vo = original or initial velocity •vf = final velocity We simply added a new parameter to Architectural Design ………(TIME)
  39. 39. We captured the essence of motion through simulation software that allowed us to create multiple snapshots of an abstract geometric figure moving in a 3-D space to reinterpret movement and flexibility in unexpected ways.
  40. 40. While the figure accelerates, it gradually reconfigures and expands.
  41. 41. After a phase of deceleration, it ultimately halts then accelerates again.
  42. 42. We have come together to create an interpretation of the body in motion, weaving the threads of nature, technology, design, art and performance to reflect the concept of the moving universe.
  43. 43. It is to the investigations of Mr. Muybridge and M. Marey that we are indebted for the most valuable researches on the subject.
  44. 44. The development of these methods of analyzing movement by photography have enabled us to develop an abstract of Muybridge’s researches, which were originally published in "La Nature" and their publication in the "Scientific American Supplement" extended over a period of several years.
  45. 45. We used computer in investigating the motion behavior of birds to understand the synchronization of its kinetic displacement in space with time.
  46. 46. We created a chronoform installation of abstract wooden sticks derived from the motion of the previous birds to explore its potentials in design
  47. 47. Motion capture enabled us to push the limits of design to a totally new realms
  48. 48. Motion capture (Mo-cap for short) is the process of recording the movement of objects or people. It is used in military, entertainment, sports, medical applications, and for validation of computer vision and robotics.
  49. 49. ChronophoForm consists in taking a number of animated frames of any object at short and regular intervals of time which has been of the greatest possible use to science and results obtained are useful for many purposes. Architects Bottom Line
  51. 51. VITRUVIAN PRINCIPLES of architecture
  52. 52. CHRONO-FORM PRINCIPLES of architecture Modular nature (Commodity) Silhouette geometrical profile (Delight) Structure equilibrium (Firmness):
  53. 53. Architectural design is based upon grid components (module) that together compose the whole building. FIRST PRINCIPLE
  54. 54. Same For the Chronoform that has a modular nature created by the sequence of animated frames
  55. 55. Architectural design uses geometrical compositions to create masses. SECOND PRINCIPLE
  56. 56. Same principle is achieved through the geometrical lines drawn through trajectory
  57. 57. Equilibrium that is achieved by the state of rest or balance due to the equal action of opposing forces. THIRD PRINCIPLE
  58. 58. Same principle of equilibrium state is achieved and proven already by science of kinematics THIRD PRINCIPLE Lift Force Weight Force ThrustDrag
  59. 59. Length: 2 meters Width: 0.45 meters Height: 0.45 meters Time: 2.5 seconds Bio-Inspiration: Bird Wing movement Samer El Sayary Architects
  60. 60. Length: 1 meters Width: 1 meters Height: .75 meters Time: 2 seconds Bio-Inspiration: Diver Samer El Sayary Architects
  61. 61. Length: 3 meters Width: 0.45 meters Height: 1.5 meters Time: 3 seconds Bio-Inspiration: Jumping Samer El Sayary Architects
  62. 62. Length: 3 meters Width: 0.45 meters Height: 0.45 meters Time: 11 seconds Bio-Inspiration: Spanish dancer Samer El Sayary Architects
  63. 63. Samer El Sayary Architects We pushed the boundaries further more to explore the concept in complete architectural works Length: 110 meters Width: 45 meters Height: 37 meters Time: 2 seconds Bio-Inspiration: Arabian Falcon wings
  64. 64. We applied our approach in Guggenheim Helsinki museum entry Inspired by the movement of Helsinki Cloudy sky, we called it Guggenheim the cloud museum
  65. 65. A visible mass of condensed watery vapour floating in the atmosphere, typically high above the general level of the ground.
  66. 66. The Original model that was manipulated and processed to the final museum
  67. 67. Also in response to the context we raised the building above the historical buildings and studied all perspective angles of the building
  68. 68. We tried to study the quality of the inner space to convey the same spatiotemporal experience.
  69. 69. Johannesburg Sub-Urban house, Inspired from the Ocean waves
  70. 70. Again we tried to study the quality of the inner space to convey the same spatiotemporal experience.
  71. 71. We believe that universe is connected through a set of rules , we just started grabbing a thread that might lead to other threads. In this context we started simulating CFD wind and solar analysis on our Chrono-forms.
  72. 72. Our Future Work
  73. 73. How does human perception can represent the phenomenology of space? Design group Numen/For Use
  74. 74. More than three decades of research have demonstrated a role for hippocampal place cells in representation of the spatial environment in the brain. New studies have shown that place cells are part of a broader circuit for dynamic representation of self-location.
  75. 75. Our current research is investigating the impact of Chrono-form on human perception and it accompanying brain mechanisms Constant Rhythm Accelerating Rhythm Decelerating Rhythm
  76. 76. Samer El Sayary Architects s.sayary@bau.edu.lb