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Ethical Mindfulness in Everyday Life.pptx

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Ethical Mindfulness in Everyday Life.pptx

  1. 1. Ethical Mindfulness in Everyday Life
  2. 2. “The attributes of mindfulness – wise speech, wise listening, wise intension, & wise actions ~ all are tied into our professional ethics” 2
  3. 3. Table of Content  Introduction  Ethic of Restraint  Harm Caused by Non violent Means  Heedfulness, Mindfulness, and Awareness  Ethic of Virtue  Ethic of Altruism 3
  4. 4. Introduction To live ethically, one must not only adopt an ethical perspective, but also actively work on developing and implementing inner values in daily actions. 4
  5. 5. 1. Three stages of ethics in practice outlined in classical Buddhist texts: • Ethic of restraint - deliberately refraining from doing actual or potential harm to others. • Ethic of virtue - actively cultivating and enhancing our positive behavior and inner values. • Ethic of altruism - dedicating our lives, genuinely and selflessly, to the welfare of others.
  6. 6. MIND ----- BODY ---SPEECH 6
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  8. 8. THE ETHIC OF RESTRAINT ⊳ Definition: Deliberately refraining from doing actual or potential harm to others. ⊳ Examples: Murder, theft, and inappropriate sexual conduct. ⊳ Importance: A necessary step before actively benefiting others 8
  9. 9. ⊳ Religious perspective: Jainism places great emphasis on the virtue of nonviolence (ahimsa). ⊳ Example: Jain monks go to great lengths to avoid harming any living being in their daily activities. ⊳ Challenges: Indirect harm caused by actions and technologies. The Practice of Nonviolence 9
  10. 10. Minimizing Harm Approach: Apply discernment in our behavior and follow the sense of conscientiousness that arises from enhanced awareness. Realistic approach: Minimize the harm we inflict in our everyday lives. 10
  11. 11. 11 A picture is worth a thousand words
  12. 12. Harm caused by nonviolent means Harm inflicted by outward action can normally be scenes, the suffering we inflict on others with word can be more hidden but is often no less damaging. We humans are quite sensitive, and it is easy to inflict suffering on those around us through our careless use of harsh word. We can also inflict harm with dishonesty, slander, and divisive gossip 12
  13. 13. So here we all need to understand and observe the “golden rule” found in all of the worlds ethical system : “Treat others as you would wish to be treated yourself” All “Do unto others as you would have do or do you”. 13
  14. 14. Harmful actions 14 2nd Century Indian thinker Nagarjuna mentioned 6 principle to avoid harmful actions of body and speech:- • avoid excessive use of intoxicants • Uphold the principle of right livelihood • Ensure that once body, speech, and mind are non violent • Treat others with respect • Honour those worthy of esteem, such as parents, teachers, and those who are kind • be kind to others
  15. 15. Nagarjuna also listed the following examples of wrong approach to livelihood : ~ trying to gain material benefits from others through pretense. ~ using attractive words to gain things from others through deceit . ~ praising others possession with the intention of trying to obtain them for oneself. ~ forcibly taking what belongs to someone else ~ extolling the qualities of what one has obtained in the past with the hope of receiving more. 15
  16. 16. CONCLUSION: ⊳ Dishonesty destroys the foundation of others trust and is profoundly harmful. ⊳ Transparency in our dealing with others is therefore tremendously important. 16
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  19. 19. Having the most sophisticated ethical mind is not sufficient, what we need to do is apply it in our everyday life and for that we need the following tools : i. Heedfulness ii. Mindfulness iii. Awareness 19
  20. 20. Aim of these tools ⊳ help us retain our core values in everyday life ⊳ guide our day-to-day behavior so that it becomes more in tune ⊳ bringing benefit to self and others 20
  21. 21. Heedfulness ⊳ It refers to an overall stance of caution which also includes a sense of being careful and attentive . ⊳ For eg – if we are diagnosed with diabetic then the doctor will advise us to have a proper diet and avoid unhealthy food products and especially sugar. ⊳ In order to maintain a healthy lifestyle the patient must carry a sense of caution when they are tempted to eat something they should avoid . 21
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  23. 23. MINDFULNESS ⊳ Second tool that can help us to apply ethics in practice is mindfulness. ⊳ It Refers to gaining awareness of our own patterns of behavior, including thoughts and feelings , and learning to let go of those habits , thoughts and emotions which are unhelpful. ⊳ So It’s basically knowing about how we operate and behave in certain situations so that we can add good values that we require and subtract all the impurities. 23
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  25. 25. Awareness Awareness is also known as sheshin in Tibetan which means to pay attention to our own behavior. To be aware, we need to honestly observe our behavior that is going on and to gradually bring it under control and for that we need to build inner conscience .The term conscience has different meanings in different context . For example in religious terms it is referred as the precious gift from God which makes human beings a unique moral creature. From a secular perspective, we may understand conscience as a product of our biological nature as social animals, or as something we acquire from society through our upbringing and environment 25
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  27. 27. Virtue ~ behavior showing high moral standards (good character becomes necessary) as highlighted by a Sanskrit phrase “Sheelam param Bhushanam” ~Character is the highest virtue There is a need to give more serious attention to actively doing good, and this can be a source of great joy and inner confidence. 27 The Ethics of Virtue
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  29. 29. This can achieved by 29 SPEECH ACTIONS Being warm and generous Being charitable Praising others Encouraging them
  30. 30. ⊳ This attitude is a powerful antidote against envy, which is not only a source of unnecessary suffering on the individual level but also an obstacle to our ability to reach out and engage with others. ⊳ As the famous Tibetan teachers say that sympathetic joy is the least costly way of promoting one's own virtues. 30
  31. 31. The Ethic of Altruism Altruism refers to selfless dedication of one's actions and words to the benefit of others. All the world's religious traditions recognize this as the highest form of ethical practice, and in many it is seen as the main avenue to liberation or to unity with God. 31
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  33. 33. In caring professions, such as social works, health care, teaching etc… all are involved in the pursuit of this third level of ethics. They directly benefits the lives of many people and, are truly noble. Ordinary people do also benefit others in several ways. The most important priority can be serving others 33
  34. 34. Essential part of serving others is to know the result/ impact of our own actions. By being heedful, mindful, and attentive in our daily lives we all will master over our actions and words 34
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