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Top most "Winter diseases" with solution by Sagheer Ahmed

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Top most "Winter diseases" with solution by Sagheer Ahmed

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-Introduction
-Winter Season
-Earth rotation and winter
-What emotion are in winter...?
-What is the 7 elements of weather...?
-Heart diseases increase in winter...
- Winter season and kidney problems
-General problem according to winter...
- Colds
-RSV
-Norovirus
-Influenza
-Pneumonia
-Acute ear infection
-Stomach flu
-Strep Throat
-Air pollution in winter
-Tips for dealing with winter illnesses
-in a nutshell

-Introduction
-Winter Season
-Earth rotation and winter
-What emotion are in winter...?
-What is the 7 elements of weather...?
-Heart diseases increase in winter...
- Winter season and kidney problems
-General problem according to winter...
- Colds
-RSV
-Norovirus
-Influenza
-Pneumonia
-Acute ear infection
-Stomach flu
-Strep Throat
-Air pollution in winter
-Tips for dealing with winter illnesses
-in a nutshell

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Top most "Winter diseases" with solution by Sagheer Ahmed

  1. 1. Winter the coldest season of the year, in the northern hemisphere from December to February and in the southern hemisphere from June to August.
  2. 2. What emotions are in winter? • Feeling hopeless or worthless. • Losing interest in activities previously enjoyed. • Easily feeling agitated. • Feeling sluggish, tiredness or low energy. • Social withdrawal. • Anxiety. • Difficulties concentrating. What is the 7 elements of weather? • The basic atmospheric conditions that make up the weather include precipitation, humidity, temperature, pressure, cloudiness, and wind. The air is constantly in movement. • The shorter days and longer nights, cold air and low humidity, and the quiet weather
  3. 3. Heart diseases increase in winter • The main risk factor is biological: The cold causes blood vessels to contract, which can raise blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. Angina, or chest pain due to coronary heart disease, can also worsen in winter when coronary arteries constrict in the cold.
  4. 4. Winter season and kidney problems • Creatinine levels can increase due to shivering if the patient lives in a cold climate. Therefore, the patient must bypass cold polar temperatures to be safe from the creatinine increase. • The risk of UTIs in winters increases due to cold-induced dieresis which is your body's way of preventing hypothermia by decreasing blood flow to theskinand concentratingitaround the organs tokeep themwarm… • It's a fact that urinary symptoms do get worse in the cold weather. As we tend to sweat less and, as a result lose less fluid through sweating, weproduce moreurineinstead
  5. 5. General Problems • cold weather can cause back pain because it causes the muscles, tendons and ligaments thatsupportthespineto tighten. • Dry skin is a common problem during the winter months, when the skin is exposed to colder temperatures and lower levels of moisture intheair. • The process of eating and digesting food can actually increase our body temperature slightly, so it's natural that our body would signal for us to eat more as a way to keep us warm,
  6. 6. Colds A cold is the most common winter illness that keeps children home from school. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults have an average of 2-3 colds per year, and children have even more. that typically lasts 7 to 10 days and can occur at any time of year. Symptoms: Common cold symptoms usually show up within one to three days of being exposed to the rhinovirus. Some of them include runny nose, congestion, sore throat, cough, sneezing, mild headache and body pain, malaiseand low-gradefever. Prevention: Stopping the virus from spreading is the best way of common cold prevention. It is crucial to wash hands frequently and avoid contact with people who have a cold. If one of the family members is sick, avoid sharing dishware and use a disinfectant to clean surfaces like light switches and countertops inside the home. Treatment: As there is no cure for the common cold, it is advisable to take decongestants and take proper rest. Antibiotics don’t work against cold viruses and aren’t recommended unless there’s a bacterial infection.
  7. 7. RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) • RSV is an infection in the lungs and Respiratory syncytial virus, also called human respiratory syncytial virus and human orthopneumo virus, is a common, contagious airborne virus that causes infections of the respiratory tract. It is a negative-sense, single-stranded RNAvirus. • Symptoms: Cold-like symptoms with a wheezing/whistle-like breathing that can cause rapid breathing that might require hospitalization. • Treatment: There is no specific treatment for RSV infection, though researchers are working to develop vaccines and antivirals (medicinesthatfightviruses).
  8. 8. Norovirus The norovirus is an infectious illness that can occur to people of all ages and at any time of the year. However, it is more common in the winter. The virus causes diarrhea and vomiting and is hence called the winter vomiting bug. • Symptoms: The common symptoms of norovirus infection are nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain, fever and chills. • Prevention: There are no vaccines that can prevent the virus, but you can avoid it by – Followingproper hand and oral hygiene. Eating thoroughly cooked food. Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces in the home. • Treatment: Norovirus infection can resolve within a few days without any treatment. However, your doctor might prescribe over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medication.
  9. 9. Influenza (Flu) • Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, andsometimes thelungs • Symptoms: Muscle aches, fever, headache,fatigue, dry cough, runnynose, and sore throat. • Diagnostic tests available for detection of influenza viruses in respiratory specimens includemolecular assays • Usually, you'll need nothing more than rest and plenty of fluids to treat the flu. But if you have a severe infection or are at higher risk of complications, your health care provider may prescribe an antiviral medication to treat theflu.
  10. 10. Pneumonia • Pneumonia is a life-threatening disease in which viral and bacterial infections (commonly the Streptococcus or pneumococcus bacteria) spread out in the alveoli or tiny sacs of the lungs clogging them with fluids. Therefore, pneumonia causes shortness of breath in individuals suffering from it. The germs that cause pneumonia can spread by coughing,sneezingor touchinginfectedobjectsand thentouchingthe mouthor nose. • Symptoms: Some of the symptoms associated with pneumonia are severe cough with green phlegm, high fever accompanied with chills and headache, shortness of breath, diarrhoea, thepurplecolouration of theskin, vomiting,sweating,and musclepain. • Prevention: For the prevention of bacterial pneumonia, the PCV13 (Prevnar 13) and PPSV23 (Pneumovax) shots may be given. Other than that, you can focus on general health and hygiene standards, such as getting proper exercise, rest and diet to lower therisks of gettingbacterialpneumonia. • Treatment: The most common form of treatment is taking antibiotics. It is crucial to finish the prescribed doses or else you can get sick again. In cases of severe or stubborn pneumonia,oxygen treatment,IV fluids and medications aregiven.
  11. 11. Acute Ear Infection • An acute ear infection is a common winter ailment in which bacteria like Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae cause inflammation and fluid build-up in the middle ear. Other causes of acute ear infection are cold, smoking, sinus infection and changes in climatic conditions. • Symptoms: The symptoms of acute ear infection are severe pain, hearing loss, discomfort in the ear, etc. • Prevention: Ear infection of any type can be prevented by following the steps below. Periodically cleaningthe ears by washingthem or through cotton swabs is essential. Make sure to dry your ears completely after taking a shower or swimming. Avoid smoking. Ensure your vaccinesare up to date. Manageallergies through medications. Maintain general hygiene. • Treatment: Usually, antibiotics are prescribed if the diseases caused by cold weather are due to bacteria and not viruses. If the ear infection is accompanied by pain, your doctor may recommend pain relievers like acetaminophen(Tylenol)or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin).
  12. 12. Stomach Flu • Aviralinfectionintheintestines(Viral gastroenteritisisanintestinalinfection)thatcan lastfor1to3days. • Symptoms: Stomachpain,nausea,vomiting, mildfever,fatigue,andwaterydiarrhea.usuallylast justadayortwo,butoccasionallytheymaylastupto 14days. Lifestyleandhomeremedies • Let your stomach settle. Stop eating solid foods for a fewhours. • Try sucking on ice chips or taking small sips of water often.... • Easebackintoeating.... • Avoid certain foods and substances until you feel better.... • Getplentyofrest.... • Tryanti-diarrheamedications.
  13. 13. Strep Throat • A contagious bacterial infection thatcanlast for 1 to 2 days. Strep can be easily and quicklytreated withantibiotics. • Symptoms: Sore throat, trouble swallowing,feverandstomachache.A cough and runny nose do not accompany strep throat. However, a sandpaper-like rash can develop, resulting in a diagnosis of scarlet fever. • Ifyou havestrep throat—whichiscausedby bacteria—yourdoctormayprescribean antibiotic, suchaspenicillin.Butstrep throat goes awayonitsownin3 to7dayswithor without antibiotics.
  14. 14. Pollutants of major public health concern include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide.
  15. 15. Tips for Dealing with Winter Illnesses • Be sure to keep nasal suctions, saline drops, humidifiers, pain relievers, and vapor rubs handy. Sanitize doorknobs, toys and commonly used surface areas to prevent germs from spreading. • Fever: Administer acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin) based on the dosage provided by your pediatrician. • Nausea and vomiting: Try small doses of electrolytes like Pedialyte to keep your child hydrated. Pay attention to how many times your child urinates to determine if they are dehydrated. • Stuffy nose and cough: Vaporizers can help your child sleep better at night by loosening up the mucus in their lungs and nose. Vapor rubs and saline drops can also alleviate symptoms.
  16. 16. • Sore throat: A teaspoon of honey can help children over 12 months of age. For older children, gargling warm salty water is a quick and easy remedy. • Tips: Preventing Winter Illnesses Reducing the risk of common winter illnesses always begins and ends with washing hands frequently. When you’re on the go, sanitizing gels, tissues and wipes are great to keep in your car or diaper bag. Also, teach children to cough or sneeze in a tissue or the crook of their elbow early on to establish healthy habits. Don’t forget to sanitize toys weekly with soapy water or sanitizing spray. This is a good way to keep you and your family healthy all winter long.

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