Fundamental Rights are essential human
rights that are offered to every citizen
irrespective of caste,race, creed,place of
birth,religion or gender. These are equal to
freedom and these rights are essential for
personal good and the society at large.
3. SIX FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
• Right to EQUALITY
• Right to FREEDOM
• Right against EXPLOITATION
• Right to freedom of RELIGION
• CULTURAL and EDUCATIONAL rights
• Right to CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES
5. RIGHT TO EQUALITY
1. Equality before Law :- Article 14 of the Indian constitution
quarantees that all citizens shall be equally protected by the
laws of the country.
2. Social equality and equal access to public areas :- Article 15
of the constitution states that no person shall be
discriminated on the basis of caste, colour, language, etc.
Every person shall have equal access to public places like
public parks, museums, wells, bathing ghats, and temples etc.
However the state may make any special provision for women
6. RIGHT TO EQUALITY
• Equality in matters of public employment :- Article 16 of the
constitution lays down that the state cannot discriminate
against anyone in the matters of employment . All citizens can
apply for government jobs.
• Abolition of untouchability :- Article 17 of the constitution
abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of
untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable
• Abolition of Titles :- Article 18 of the constitution prohibits the
state from conferring any titles. Citizens of India cannot accept
8. RIGHT TO FREEDOM
ARTICLE 19 – 22
Article 19 :- says that all citizens shall have the right
• to freedom of speech and expression.
• To assemble peacefully and without arms.
• To move freely throughout the territory of India.
• To practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade
9. RIGHT TO FREEDOM
Article 20( Protection in respect of conviction for offenses)
Articles 20 says that state can impose reasonable restrictions on
the groups of security of the state, Friendly relations with foreign
states, public order, recency, morality, contempt of court ,
Article 21 deals with Protection of life and personal liberty.
Article 21A states that shall provide free and Compulsory
education to all children of the age of 6 – 14 years.
Article 22 deals with protection against arrest and detention in
11. RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION
Article 23 deals with the prohibition of traffic in human beings
and forced Labour.
Article 24 deals with prohibition of employment of children in
13. RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION
Article 25 deals with freedom of conscience and free profession,
practice, and propagation of religion.
Article 26 deals with Freedom to manage religious affairs.
Article 27 deals with Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of
any particular religion.
Article 28 deals with freedom as to attendance at religious instructions
or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
15. CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL
Article 29 deals with the protection of language, script and
culture of minorities.
Article 30 deals with the right of minorities to establish and
manage educational institutions.