ARKA Educational and Cultural Trust (Regd.)
JAIN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
# 323, Near Veereshwara Punyashrama, Avaragere,
DAVANAGERE - 577 003
VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY , BELAGAVI
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
Presented by: Under the guidance of
JEEVITHA R H
Mr. DARSHAN K R
Dept. of civil engineering
Jain Institute Of Technology,
Company Profile .
Topic Presentation of KSRTC Bus Stand at Bethur Road .
Topic presentation of Redevelopment of KSRTC Bus Stand
Objectivise of internship
Enhancing skills for intersecting with practical professional.
The understanding professional & ethical responsibility.
Ability enhancement for effective communication.
Adopting our theoretical knowledge into practical fields.
An ability to use techniques, skills & modern engineering tools for engineering
Objectives of project :-
The buses can be operated in a disciplined and organized manner.
Allow buses to stop without impeding the flow of traffic on the main roadway.
It would provide better access to the people.
The objective of the terminal building is to provide sheltered passenger waiting area and to protect
passengers for rain and sunlight.
It encourages public transport use by providing better information, travel conditions and facilities.
It would induce safety in public travel.
It would also generate revenue for the organization by incorporating commercial facilities or
parking areas. 4
Karnataka state road transport corporation (KSRTC) has floated a tender for the
“Redevelopment of KSRTC bus stand at Davanagere city & “construction of
KSRTC bus stand @ Bethur road” under Smart city mission”
which was undertaken by the RK Infra (India) private limited.
RK Consultants is an Architectural, Interior Designers & Construction Firm that
has gained a reputation for its excellence in providing a package of services
ranging from Concept to Execution.
This Firm was established in the year 2002. Since then several projects have been
completed under this tender. From the year 2010, the Firm was converted to RK
Infra (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Task Performed In Redevelopment of KSRTC Bus stand Davangere
The various task are performed @ KSRTC bus stand
@ Davanagere :-
Introduction of Redevelopment of KSRTC Bus
Stand @ Davangere.
The works done @ the site – batching plant ,
plastering & overhead tank , vacuum de-watered
flooring , waterproofing , truss .
SAFETY INDUCTION PROGRAM IN CONSTRUTION SITE
Personal protective equipment.
Follow environment guidelines.
Keep the work area clean.
No crowding inside the site perimeter.
Proper site training.
Safety programs & culture.
Risk management system.
It is designed to resist axial & lateral force &
transfer them safely to the footing in the
Columns support floors in a structure .
Slabs & beams transfer the stresses to the
column so, it is important to design strong
The bottom part of foundation is
called footing .
Footing in construction are critical as
the footing distributes the weight of
the building evenly across the entire
structure so that it doesn't sink into
The depth of footing is 1m to 1.5m &
footing will be designed considering
SBC of soil & load from column. 13
Starter is generally a casting of
concrete material with equivalent
width & length of column section &
comparatively smaller height of
around 10 cm.
It is casted in such a manner that
equal cover is left encircling the
reinforcement bars of column & then
shuttering of column is provided.
Beam is a horizontal structural element that
withstand vertical loads, shear forces and
bending moments. The loads applied to the
beam result in reaction forces at the support
points of the beam. The total effect of all the
forces acting on the beam is to produce shear
forces and bending moment within the beam,
that is turn induced internal stresses, strains
and deflections of beam.
A reinforced concrete column is a
structural member designed to carry a
compressive loads , composed of
concrete with an embedded steel
frame top provide reinforcement .
For design purpose the column are
separated into two categories : short
column & long column
Mechanical couplers are the cylindrical
element that connect the two rotating edges of
reinforcement bars, also known as alternative
to lapping rebars,
The grade of coupler should be equivalent to
the reinforcement bars which ensures the
maximum transmission of the load stresses
from one bar to another .
Excavation for footing
Footings are an important part of foundation
construction. They are typically made of concrete
with rebar reinforcement that has been poured
into an excavated trench. The purpose of footings
is to support the foundation.
A column or pillar is a structural element that
transmits, through compression, the weight of the
structure above to other structural elements below
Columns are frequently used to support beams or
arches on which the upper parts of walls or
Placing of footing using total station & placing of footing mat
Total station is a surveying instrument
combination of electromagnetic distance
measuring instrument & electronic
It is also integrated with microprocessor,
electronic data collector & storage system .
A water foot plastic sheet is laid over the
earth. After that, pour around 7 cm layer of
plain cement concrete to create a perfectly
flat & level base for the foundation .
Lay a reinforcement on spacers over the
Placing of footing reinforcement
Reinforcement should be placed @ the
tension side @ the bottom of the footing.
In square footing rebars are placed uniformly
in both direction.
Shuttering or formwork is the process of giving
support & stability to the concrete before it
The shuttering is commonly made using wood &
Placing of concrete using transit mixer & pumping device
Transit mixer is a multipurpose device that
used to transport concrete mortar from a
concrete batching plant .
The transit mixer is loaded with a dry
material & water .
The transit mixer consist of drum with spiral
blade which has the ability to move in two
A common type concrete pump for large
scale construction projects is know as boom
Stair case & retaining wall
The structure containing a stairway a flight if
stairs with the supporting framework, casing,
• A retaining wall is a structure designed and
constructed to resist the lateral pressure of soil,
when there is a desired change in ground
elevation that exceeds the angle of repel of the
soil Retaining walls are used for supporting soil
laterally so that it can be retained at different
levels on the two sides.
Concrete sets and hardens as a result of a
chemical reaction between cementations
materials and water. This process is called
hydration. Curing is the process of maintaining
satisfactory temperature and moisture
conditions in concrete long enough for
hydration to develop the desired concrete
properties. The potential strength and
durability of concrete will be fully developed
only if concrete is properly cured.
DETAILS OF PROJECT
Project name: Redevelopment of KSRTC bus stand under Davangere smart City mission
Total site area including depot: 9.6 acres (38889 sq.m)
Site area excluding depot area: 25034 sq.m
Total built up area: 30525 sq.m
Built up area excluding basement: 22410sq.m
FAR: 0.89 (22410/25034)
Total parts: 5
Areas of each part: Part 1 - 1880sq.m,Part 2 - 2000sq.m, Part 3 - 1360sq.m, Part 4 - 1184sq.m, Part 5 -
Plain cement concrete: 3072 cubic meters & Reinforced cement concrete: 25275 cubic meters.
Total steel: 3243 tones
Admixture used: SP430
Grade of concrete: M25
Grade of steel: Fe-415, Fe-250
Total number of passenger lift: 6
Total number of escalators: 4
Bus bays: 46
Theaters: 3, Each capacity 315 seat for 1 theatre and remaining two consists of 170
Design SBC: 33 tones per sq.m
Number of people working (Manpower): 120
Number of staff members: 60
Total cost of the project :125 crores
A concrete plant also known as a batch plant is
equipment that combines various ingredients to
Some of these inputs include water , air ,
admixtures , sand , aggregates , fly ash , silica
fume , slag , & cement .
Plastering is a process of covering a
rough walls & uneven surface in the
construction structures with plastoc
materials called plaster .
Ehich is a mixture of lime & cement
concrete & sand along with required
quality of water .
Over Head Tank
Over head tanks are storage tanks that are built
over the head @ a certain height of
The tank may be built of any material but the
idea us to achieve maximum efficiency by
placing a tank in a some elevated distance .
Vacuum De-Watered Flooring
Vacuum de-watered concrete flooring is
suitable for high abrasion & heavy traffic
It is preferably used in making concrete roads ,
raileay platforms , industrial floors , bridges ,
RCC roads , pre-cast concrete products etc..
Chemical used for harden floor is Nitoflor
hardtop which gives a high performance
wprkability admictures , produces a material
which monolithically provide dense , non-
porous surafce which is extermely hardwearing
& abrasion resistant .
Brickbat coba water proofing
It is an effective way of providing
waterproofing and insulation for
thermal comfort for flat RCC roofs to
prevent leakage of water.
It is one of the oldest procedures of
waterproofing, which consists of
laying brickbats on the flat RCC roof
and grouting the same with
waterproofing compound with a slope
to drain the surface water.
Procedure for brickbat coba waterproofing :-
The slurry is prepared with cement and water to a required consistency. It shall be
applied over the dampened surface with brushes very carefully, including the joints
between the floor slab and the parapet wall, holes on the surfaces and joints of pipes
in masonry or concrete.
Placing of brickbat .
Laying of protective coat .
Membrane system :-
A waterproofing membrane is a layer
of water-tight material that lies on a
surface to prevent water leaks or
The process usually consists of
liquid- applied or pre-formed sheet
REFLECTION OF WORK
I got Knowledge about chemicals used in construction industry.
I got information about planning for commercial building.
I got knowledge about the construction, materials, and varies of works.
I got knowledge about the truss.
I got information about footing placing using dumpy level.
I got information about VDF, batching plant, Waterproofing etc.…
Creative ideas for Business management.
Motivational Speech about goals.
During our internship program we have got a lot of knowledge in terms of improving our practical skill.
The various types of orientation programs, tasks and trainings that we have been undertaking during these past
days on the site enhanced our knowledge in building construction. We are very glad to see that what we have learn
in the university can be repeated in the working world. We were able to apply our theoretical knowledge of
designing and construction works in the real-life situation.
This program played an important role to break the conventional thought that field works can be only implemented
by students who hold degree or people who have an experience in building construction. We were able to acquire a
high level of confidence to deal with problems arises in constructional works.
We have been able to see the different theoretical aspects, methodologies. We have been fulfilling our curiosity in
learning practically building construction well in this internship program.
Generally, the internship program laid sound foundation for us to start our career. We will be definitely sensible to
scale this practice up and to replicate it in other disciplines as well
IS 456:2000 “Plain and Reinforced Concrete”- Code of practice
SP34- Handbook on Concrete Reinforcement and Detailing
IS 800-2007 “Design of Steel Structures”S S Bhavikatti, “Concrete
technology”, Civil Department, BVB College of Engineering, Hubli, India.
. Vivekkumarpatel, Jayesh Kumar Pitroda, J.J. Bhavsar (2015).” Vacuum
dewatering: new way for concrete flooring by tremix method”.