“RE” MEANS AGAIN AND AGAIN
“SEARCH” MEANS TO FIND OUT SOMETHING
It include collecting, organizing and evaluating data.
The systematic approach concerning generalization and the
formulation of theory is also research
4. Different types of research coming under
the category purpose are:
I. Descriptive research
II. Analytical research
III. Exploratory research
IV. Predictive research
5. DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
It includes fact-finding enquiries of different kinds such as what, why,
when, who, how and all.
The main aim of this research is description of the characteristics of a
phenomena at present.
This research has no control over the variable only have to report what is
happening or what has happened
For description researchers use frequencies, averages and other statistical
The methods used by this researchers involves survey method of all kind
including comparative and correlational method
The periodic table categorizes the elements is an example of descriptive
6. ANALYTICAL RESEARCH
This research mainly carrying out analysis on a phenomena and
which involves secondary data.
The aim of this research is to understand phenomena by
discovering and measuring causal relations among them.
Here the researcher use facts or information’s readily available to
them in order to analyze to make a critical evaluation of the
It work within the constraints variables. It also tries to explain
existing state of affairs from available data.
How can the absentee rate among employees be reduced? It is an
example of analytical research
7. EXPLORATORY RESEARCH
An exploratory design is conducted about a research problem
when there are few or no earlier studies to refer to.
The focus is on gaining insights and familiarity for later
investigation or undertaken when problem are in a preliminary
stage of investigation.
Gathers preliminary information that will help to define a problem
and suggest a hypothesis.
It commonly use unstructured interview.
It involves generation of new ideas and assumption, development
of tentative theories or hypothesis but conclusions cannot be
drawn even though it provide direction for future research and
8. PREDICTIVE RESEARCH
It studies determine the frequency with which something occurs or
its association with something else.
In diagnostic research the researcher must be able to define
clearly, what he wants to measure and must find adequate method
for measuring t along with clear cut definition of ‘population’ he
wants to study.
Statistical tools used in this research design includes regression,
linear regression and logistic regression
The major areas in which predictive / diagnostic research design
used include: business, marketing, clinical setting, govt agency and
9. Different types of research coming under the
category process are:
1. Qualitative research
2. Quantitative research
10. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
It is handled with qualitative phenomena that involves quality or
The research designed to find out how people feel or what
people often think are coming under this research.
it is important in behavioral sciences.
Its aim is to discover the underlying motives of human behavior
through detailed description.
The data is in the form of words, pictures or objects and all
11. QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
This research is based on the measurement of quantity or amount.
It can only be expressed in terms of quantity.
Researcher use tools such as questionnaire or equipment to collect
data and all aspect of the study are carefully designated before
data is collected.
Here data is in the form of numbers or statistics and this data is
more efficient and able to test
12. Different types of research coming under the
category outcome are:
1. Applied or action research
2. Fundamental or Basic or pure research
13. APPLIED RESEARCH
It is defined as a research which is used to answer a specific question, solve a
specific problem or to gain better understanding.
It also known as action research.
It aims at finding solution for an immediate problem facing in society or an
organization through systematic inquiry involving practical application of
science, based on the level and type of involvement researcher can differ this
research based ion the scope of work.
It is designed to solve problem of modern world than acquire knowledge. The
main goal of applied scientist is to improve the human condition for example:
treat or cure a specific disease
14. FUNDAMENTAL OR BASIC OR PURE
This research is concerned with generalization and formulation of
It is done for the intellectual pleasure on learning and it has no
commercial value attached to the discoveries that result from basic
This type of research has limited direct applications but in which
researcher has careful control over the research setting.
It involves collection and analysis of data to develop or enhances
theory and have an understanding of theoretical relationship
15. Some other types of researchers are also there
ONE TIME RESEARCH/ LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH
In this research one group have to studied for long time and it studies different stages in an individual’s
life and all
FIELD SETTING RESEARCH/ LABORATORY RESEARCH/ SIMULATION RESEARCH
This research is depending upon the environment take into consider for research
There type of research follows case-study method and have an in depth approach in order to study
In this research researcher utilizes historical sources like documents, events and all in order to
understand past, point of time and all
This research is completely based on some abstract ideas or theory
It is completely based on experiences or observations