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AGROCHEMICALS.pptx

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AGROCHEMICALS.pptx

The continued use of agrochemicals to combat agricultural pests and disease vectors endangers both human health and the environment. Due to a lack of awareness, training, and proper information for utilizing agrochemicals in developing countries like INDIA, it is extremely difficult to determine the influence on human health or the environment. Agrochemical exposure times and levels, the types of agrochemicals employed (in terms of toxicity and persistence), and the diverse environmental conditions in the areas are all variables in acute and chronic poisoning of human health and the environment. Due to insufficient regulatory and preventative systems, pesticide users and consumers in Bangladesh are prone to agrochemical-related health concerns. Cancer, neurological illnesses, birth abnormalities, reproductive and developmental malformations, mutagen city, and other health-related problems, as well as environmental hazards, have all been linked to pesticide exposure, according to this research.

The continued use of agrochemicals to combat agricultural pests and disease vectors endangers both human health and the environment. Due to a lack of awareness, training, and proper information for utilizing agrochemicals in developing countries like INDIA, it is extremely difficult to determine the influence on human health or the environment. Agrochemical exposure times and levels, the types of agrochemicals employed (in terms of toxicity and persistence), and the diverse environmental conditions in the areas are all variables in acute and chronic poisoning of human health and the environment. Due to insufficient regulatory and preventative systems, pesticide users and consumers in Bangladesh are prone to agrochemical-related health concerns. Cancer, neurological illnesses, birth abnormalities, reproductive and developmental malformations, mutagen city, and other health-related problems, as well as environmental hazards, have all been linked to pesticide exposure, according to this research.

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AGROCHEMICALS.pptx

  1. 1. AWARENESS PROGRAM ON BAD EFFECTS OF AGROCHEMICALS AND ITS SAFE USES SUBMITTED BY- NAME- SUNANDA SINHA ROLL NO - BUR/CH/2020/082 REG NO - 201701033557 OF 2017-2018 PAPER -MSCH307 DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN GOLAPBAG, BURDWAN, 713104 WEST BENGAL, INDIA
  2. 2. CONTENT  INTRODUCTION  AGROCHEMICAlS & THEIR TYPES  EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH  METHODS OF MINIMIZATION OF HARMFUL EFFECT OF AGROCHEMICALS  SOCIAL AWARENESS ON AGROCHEMICALS  CONCLUTION
  3. 3. •Chemicals used in agriculture to enhance plant life development and safety are referred to as Agro Chemicals. •Agrochemicals were developed to preserve crops, but they have already begun to have a wide range of negative effects on the environment and human health. picture Source: https://images.app.goo.gl/TnijBHffXMnma18V9
  4. 4. Picture source : https://images.app.goo.gl/dzGdqG6gp11PvFXJA
  5. 5. picture Source: https://images.app.goo.gl/vDdBNmWxQo4Hwma96
  6. 6. 1) Effect on soil : May kill beneficial bacteria by increasing nitrate level in soils. They alter the PH of the soil by excess using chemicals which kill soil microorganism. Increasing toxicity which reduces soil quality. 2) Effect on water : Agrochemicals affect aquatic animals (fishes). They can promote algae. Excessive use of agrochemicals may contaminate ground Water. picture Source: https://images.app.goo.gl/jcSHkPF1aZaQP1Wc8 https://images.app.goo.gl/zqVshpMaMecVWp2F6
  7. 7. 3) Effect on air : These agrochemicals' residue and particles pollute the air. Because of the low relative humidity and greater temperature, more spray evaporation may occur.. picture Source: https://images.app.goo.gl/aP2fsnaRVk31qSpz5
  8. 8. HUMAN HEALTH HAZARD Organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids, ethylene-bisdithio-carbamates, and chlorophenoxy herbicides are among the most often used pesticides. Neurotoxic pesticides can produce developmental neurotoxicity at significantly lower exposure levels, according to experimental, clinical, and epidemiologic findings. Memory loss, lack of coordination, and a slower response time to stimuli are all neurological health impacts. Fatigue, headaches and body pains, skin discomfort, skin rashes, poor concentration, sensations of weakness, circulatory issues, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, excessive perspiration, impaired eyesight, tremors, panic attacks, cramps, and other symptoms of chemical poisoning in humans are common.. https://images.app.goo.gl/J6j7cwNQCMLYVdJVA
  9. 9.  METHODS OF MINIMIZATION OF HARMFUL EFFECT OF AGROCHEMICALS Integrated pest management (IPM) ORGANIC FARMING Safe handling of agrochemicals on the farm Images source : https://images.app.goo.gl/HyPRSw8cZeUCMeE19 https://images.app.goo.gl/Z6qjK6rxHJMfG56Z9 https://images.app.goo.gl/CyLYikHEDPM9VYnP6
  10. 10. IPM: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a cost-effective and ecologically friendly pest-control strategy that employs a variety of common-sense techniques. Organic farming : It is an agricultural strategy that emphasizes crop rotation and companion planting while utilizing organic fertilizers such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal.. Safe handling of agrochemicals on the farm: Farmers need to be educated on how to use dangerous chemicals safely.. Use of less hazardous pesticides: The most apparent strategy to lessen the harmful side effects of pesticides is to replace extremely dangerous pesticides with less hazardous pesticides..
  11. 11. SOCIAL AWARNESS ON AGROCHEMICALS I go to a few communities and speak with a few farmers. I sought to raise awareness about the dangers of excessive pesticide residue usage. Farmers in our region do not follow specified criteria owing to a lack of understanding about pesticide toxicity. I attempted to educate farmers on the 'IPM' rules. I sought to educate people about the dangers of pesticides and how to preserve our environment and health from these toxins. They assured us after we guided them that they would always follow our rules and attempt to follow all of them. I also attempt to impart some organic agricultural expertise to them. They agreed and promised that they would attempt to start organic farming with me.. https://images.app.goo.gl/uNmRowvvpyNZXQw66 Image Credit :
  12. 12. Fieldworkduringawarenessprogram
  13. 13. Image from: https://images.app.goo.gl/pDupMz5NEB9s43Fk9
  14. 14. Picture : https://images.app.goo.gl/hCMXj2PxSNfevyy1A

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