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0873 Scaling Up SRI: Triad Services Holds the Key to Success

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0873 Scaling Up SRI: Triad Services Holds the Key to Success

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Presenter: Nabarun Sen Gupta and Atanu Thakur

Audience: 3rd National SRI Symposium,
TNAU, Coimbatore, India

Subject Country: Orissa, India

Presenter: Nabarun Sen Gupta and Atanu Thakur

Audience: 3rd National SRI Symposium,
TNAU, Coimbatore, India

Subject Country: Orissa, India

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0873 Scaling Up SRI: Triad Services Holds the Key to Success

  1. 1. SCALING UP SRI: TRIAD SERVICES HOLDS THE KEY TO SUCCESS Nabarun Sen Gupta Dr. Atanu Thakur THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  2. 2. EXPERIMENT <ul><li>SDC provided INR 200,000 for Action Research. </li></ul><ul><li>Done with farmers in Orissa (Berhampur) and Srikakulam (Andhra Pradesh) </li></ul><ul><li>Years of experiment: 2006-07 and 2007-08. </li></ul><ul><li>No. of farmers: Year 1 = 33 Year 2 = 48 </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment done with marginal and small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments done in Kharif season (Berhampur) and Rabi season (Srikakulam) </li></ul><ul><li>2008-09 Kharif: Project being scaled up in these and other states </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  3. 3. Results <ul><li>Grain production showed increase irrespective of variety of seeds under SRI. </li></ul><ul><li>The seeds used were high yielding </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  4. 4. Results 2 <ul><li>Straw production also showed a similar trend. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in straw yield varied between 49-75% </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  5. 5. Results 3 <ul><li>Experiment has been taken to other locations during the second year and scaled up during Kharif 2008-09 </li></ul><ul><li>1,067 farmers are registered for SRI in AP and Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>970 farmers are registered in Bihar, and 1,050 in Jharkhand </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  6. 6. APPROACH / STRATEGY EVOLVED <ul><li>TRIAD IDS </li></ul><ul><li>LFS AGS </li></ul><ul><li>Has evolved every year. </li></ul><ul><li>First tried along agricultural services </li></ul><ul><li>Financial services structurally provided (2 nd Year) </li></ul><ul><li>Third-year Institutional Development services. Kisan Samruddhi Groups have been formed. </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  7. 7. Learning 1 Agricultural Services <ul><li>Farmers pay a service fee for availing themselves of SRI services </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘package of practices’ (PoP) evolves as farmers experiment and learn </li></ul><ul><li>Cross learning regarding the PoPs happens on a regular basis </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers pledge a small parcel of their land holdings for experimentation, and then expand this area in the next year </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  8. 8. Learning: Evolving a profit-oriented Extension Model <ul><li>Farmers pay INR 340 (300 + Tax) for availing services </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood service providers provide extension services to registered farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in registered farmers from 75 in 2007-08 to 1,067 (2008-09) means total fees collected of 362 K </li></ul><ul><li>Each provider serves 400 farmers on an average. </li></ul><ul><li>Service providers are available during all critical periods of the crop – seed bed preparation, transplanting, weeding, pest control, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Service providers are paid Rs. 48,000 per annum. </li></ul><ul><li>Our profitability per unit is 20-22 K. </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  9. 9. Learning 1: Package Of Practices <ul><li>Farmers experienced difficulty in adhering strictly to the suggested PoP of the extension agency. </li></ul><ul><li>Transplantation mostly was done between 18-20 days; very few farmers did as per PoP (12-15 days) </li></ul><ul><li>Adherence to alternate wetting and drying was found to be difficult; location of land was the reason </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of monsoon not coming at the right time restricted farmers from adopting the alternate wetting and drying recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers have adhered to the recommendation of 2-3 weedings in most cases. </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  10. 10. Results 1 : Agriculture PoPs <ul><li>Production varied with transplantation age of seedlings and number of seedlings. </li></ul><ul><li>Both grain yield and straw yield showed inverse relationship with seedling age (younger seedlings gave more yield of both) </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  11. 11. Learning 2 Financial Services <ul><li>Farmers require capital for external inputs (seeds, fertilisers, and FYM). </li></ul><ul><li>This was made available at door step, although the requirement varied at both locations. </li></ul><ul><li>SRI showed higher cost than conventional in Berhampur only </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-pocket expenses showed an increase of +33 % in Berhampur with SRI, but a reduction of –16 % in Srikakulam </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL Rupees/acre 2007/08   SRI Conventional Berhampur 6,750 5,342 Srikakulam 4,238 5,402
  12. 12. Learning 2 – Financial Services <ul><li>The out-of-pocket costs covered seeds, fertilizers and FYM. </li></ul><ul><li>Credit support for farmers is presently extended through Joint Liability Groups (JLGs). Loans are extended for agricultural purposes (with crop not defined) </li></ul><ul><li>In future, credit will be given through the Kisan Samruddhi Groups (KSG). Incentive is the lower rate of interest charged to groups. </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  13. 13. Learning 3 : Institutional Services <ul><li>Formation of CIGs (Common Interest Groups): 39 groups formed -- 21 AP and 18 Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>Back-end services (input and credit) are carried out through groups; 265 kg of seeds were sold through KSGs to farmers at price 10% below retail </li></ul><ul><li>Extension services are paid for collectively to BASIX </li></ul><ul><li>Front-end services (marketing) for better price realization through collective marketing and linkages are presently being discussed </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  14. 14. Summing Up <ul><li>Scaling-up requires all three types of service </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized agencies or building up capacity of an existing agency to provide is the same </li></ul><ul><li>No single prescription will work </li></ul><ul><li>Context would determine the requirements of both content and delivery for services </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies have to experiment and fine-tune their programs to meet farmers’ needs </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL
  15. 15. THANK YOU <ul><li>Dhanyabad </li></ul><ul><li>Abhar </li></ul><ul><li>Nandry </li></ul><ul><li>Kritagnyatalu </li></ul>THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL

Notas do Editor

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  • THE LIVELIHOOD SCHOOL

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