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WORKSOP OBJECTIVE: What is accessability? Why is access so important when it comes to the internet, web design, e-learning and electronic information? I have had IT specialitsts & educators say to me, “Why bother making websites accessible, people with disability can’t access the internet.” “If people can’t read or see the information-Why should we bother.” Through this presentation today we aim to link the pieces of the puzzle together and increase your awareness and knowledge of how people with disability access electronic infomration through the use of assistive technology, barriers people face and increase your understanding of why there is legislation and guidelines regarding access to the internet, webdesign and electornic information.
Assistive Technology is viewed as …the wheelchair access ramp of the 21stCentury
Examples of assistive technology used by people with disability. Eg: Text –to –speech of screen reading software; speech to text software; screen magnification software; portable note takers; recorders; keyboard and mouse alternatives; talking calculators.
Right click on hyperlink and click on “open hyperlink”Explain Jaws software what it is before playing Utube clip
Accessibility features becoming mainstream and universal.Whilst this technology has improved enormously in recent years using it can be difficult, slow and tiring, even for an experienced user. Students may require rest breaks and extra time to complete assessment tasks and additional space and access to power points will be required.
The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA ) requires that any individual or organisation developing learning materials or a Worldwide Web page in Australia provides equal access for people with disability where this can reasonably be provided. This includes pages developed or maintained for purposes relating to education and employment.Australian Human Rights Commission World Wide Web Access: Advisory Notes provide detail on our legal responsibilities & a straightforward guide to what accessibility means and how to make web pages accessible.Guidelines provide information on How to & another excellent website re universal design is www.cast.org
Example of inaccessible and accessible web designRight click on Hyperlink and click on “open Hyperlink”
EduApps is a website that provides free programs small enough to fit onto your USB drive & available for use on compatible computers. It contains no spyware and there are no advertisements. There is no additional hardware or software to buy. It’s 100% free to use, free to copy and free to share.AccessApps program available on USBs and information flyers available regarding the website and another program called “My Study Bar” These programs are an excellent introduction to the assistive technology software available.
Example for point 2: Students use text to Speech technology to download study material to MP3 player so they can study anywhereExample for point 3: Assistive technology available are tools that can be used to add to a students success in education, training and employment. Students need to become aware of this technology and practise using it.
NDCO Flyer made available for each participant
E-Maginarium - NDCO assistive technologies and accessibility - Liz Reid
Assistive Technologies & Accessibility E-MAGINARIUM NT Friday 9th December 2011
Program overview The National Disability Coordination Officer (NDCO)Program uses an Australian –wide network of 31 officers to provide information, coordination and referralservices for people with a disability who are looking for (or enrolled in) post-school education and training, to help them gain employment
NDCOs provide…• Information, coordination and referral activities for people with a disability• Assist local education providers to provide better services for people with a disability• Link individuals and organisations to local support services• Raise awareness amongst education providers and the general public of the issues facing people with a disability
Definition of disability• Physical (paraplegia, mobility impairment, back injury)• Sensory (Sight, hearing)• Chronic Medical Conditions (MS, Diabetes) & Chronic Pain (Juvenile arthritis, back injury)• Writing Impairments (RSI, Broken Arm)• Intellectual ( Down Syndrome, Williams Syndrome)• Learning Disability (Dyslexia, Written expression,Mathematics disorder )• Communication (verbal & non verbal)• Pervasive Developmental Disorder (Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Foetal Alcohol Syndrome)• Psychiatric / Psychological• Past, present & future disabilities
Disability is not so much an attribute of the individual as of the social and physical environment in which he or she lives. The nature of the disability experienced by the individual can be moderated when environments and practices are designed to be inclusive.
Assistive TechnologyDevelopments in Assistive Technology have significantly improved opportunities for access to information and education for people with disability.
Assistive TechnologyDefinition Assistive Technology (AT) is an umbrella term that includes devices, tools, hardware & software. AT promotes greater independence and enable people with disability to perform functions that might otherwise be difficult or impossible.
JAWS Screen Reader - Hear an Example Experience how a JAWS (Job Access With Speech) screen reader works on the home page of the Handbook for Museums and Educators.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IK97XMibEws&feature=rel ated
Our Legislative ResponsibilitiesLegislation GuidelinesCommonwealth Legislation Web content Accessibility Guidelines (W3R)• Disability Discrimination Act 1992 Weblink: – Disability Standards for http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/ Education 2005Territory Legislation• NT Anti-Discrimination Act 1992 Australian Flexible Learning Framework: Universal Design Weblink: Http://pre2005.flexiblelearning.net.au/g uides/universal.html
Looking at the J K Rowling website with the Jaws screen reader The J K Rowling website is created using Flash, and has a standard and an accessible version. This video shows how the two versions differ for blind users using the Jaws screen reading software.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u1xxAgVat64&feature=relate d
Assistive FreewareThere is an increasing availability of good quality free assistive technology software available. EduApps:- Http://www.eduapps.org/- Free, portable programs- Includes free Text to Speech program Balabolka- Each receive a copy of AccessApps program (downloaded from this website)today on USBs provided
Points to consider• Each student’s needs are different and should be individually evaluated to ensure successful outcomes.• The merging of AT –features useful for a wider audience not just people with disability• There is no ‘wonder tool’ –rather a toolbox is needed
ContactFor InformationContact: National Disability Coordination Officer - NT Narelle Higginson firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: (08) 89466288