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L'aquilla earthquake case study

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L'aquilla earthquake case study

  1. 1. Case Study: L’Aquilla 2009 Where did it happen? L’Aquilla is found in central Italy and is the capital of the region of Abruzzo. The earthquake occurred on the destructive boundary between the African late and the Eurasian plate. What happened? At 3:32pm on the 6th of April 2009 an earthquake of magnitude 5.8 on the Richter scale. The epicentre was 60km away from Rome, close to L’Aquilla and the focus was 10km deep. E c o n o m i c S o c i a l E n v i r o n m e n t a l Primary effects  Businesses disrupted  110000 buildings damaged  Damage to medieval buildings and the cathedral  Broken water pipe outside Pagancia    291 people killed 1500 people injured Secondary effects  Cost Italy $15 billion       Landslides triggered Immediate responses  Silvio Berlusconi refused foreign aid for the emergency  11,000 volunteers helped in the aftermath  34000 homeless housed in161 tent camps  Red cross set up a field kitchen providing 10000 meals a day  Italian Sky stopped billing people and provided TV’s in camps  The post office set up ,mobile offices allowing people access to money and pensions  58000 people homeless 88000 people left unemployed 28000 students unable to access university 1000km2 of land affected by surface ruptures, rock falls and landslides. Long term responses  Government paid for 100% of building reconstruction  New towns to be funded by the government to help economic growth
  2. 2.      Mobile companies provided free mobile phones Rescue attempt was well organised between the Army, Fire service and ambulances. Cranes and diggers used to remove rubble International teams helped with rescue effort. Government provided money to pay rent. Mortgages, Gas and electricity bills were suspended How was the hazard managed? There was some management of the hazard but it did not have much effect. Many of the old buildings were not properly retrofitted to make them earthquake proof however there is a national volunteer force to help with rescue efforts and a regularly updated seismic risk map. Despite this a scientist predicted an imminent earthquake a week in advance of the event because of an increase in the amount of radon gas emitted. His concerns were dismissed and he was to remove his work from the internet to stop fear spreading across the population.