• ______ is a game for two or more people and is regarded as a
classic worldwide. The game originated in ancient India as
'Moksha Patam' and was brought to the UK in 1890s.The historic
version had its roots in morality lessons, on which a player's
progression represented a life journey complicated by virtues and
vices. A version popular in the Muslim culture is known as
'shatranj al-'urafa' and exists in various versions in India, Iran, and
Turkey. In Andhra Pradesh, this game is popularly called
• Which game?
• The X sequence is one of the simplest and earliest known
sequences defined by a recurrence relation. The X sequence
were first described in Indian mathematics, as early as 200
BC in work by Pingala on enumerating possible patterns of
Sanskrit poetry formed from syllables of two lengths. They
are named after the Italian mathematician Leonardo of Pisa,
later known as X, who introduced the sequence to Western
European mathematics in his 1202 book Liber Abaci.
Applications of X numbers include computer algorithms
They also appear in biological settings, such as pineapples,
the arrangement of leaves on a stem.
• Identify the sequence.
• X is a 17th-century mausoleum located in the Southern part of India. It houses
the remains of Mohammad Adil Shah, seventh sultan of the Adil Shahi
dynasty, and some of his relatives. Begun in the mid-17th century, the
structure never reached completion. The building is one of those put by
UNESCO on its "tentative list" to become a World Heritage Site in 2014,
under the name Monuments and Forts of the Deccan Sultanate. It is the most
technically advanced domed structure to have been erected in the Deccan, and
one of the largest single-chamber structures in the world. The building's size
was a conscious decision made by Mohammad Adil Shah in order to rival the
architecture of the Ibrahim Rauza, the tomb of the ruler's predecessor Ibrahim
Adil Shah II.
• What is X?
• X is a historical fantasy film directed and produced by Ardeshir Irani. It
revolves on a king and his two wives, Navbahaar and Dilbahaar, who are
childless; soon, a fakir tells the king that the former wife will give birth to a
boy, later named Qamar, but the child will die following his 18th birthday if
Navbahaar cannot find the necklace he asks for. Meanwhile, the king finds out
that Dilbahaar falls for the senapati Adil , leading the king to arrest him and
evicts his pregnant wife, who later gives birth to X. The film is based on a Parsi
play written by Joseph David. No print of X is known to have survived, though
the posters are available. There was a famous Hindi punchline '78 murde insaan
zinda ho gaye......’
• Can you name X and what it is known for?
• Bryan Cranston popularly known for playing the character Walter
White in the series Breaking Bad was once roped to dub the English
version of an Indo-Japanese Anime/film in 2001. The anime/film
was actually created the year 1992 on the occasion of 40th
anniversary of Indo-Japanese diplomatic ties and later it was
dubbed in English for releasing it in the USA. James Earl Jones,
known for voicing Darth Vader in Star Wars was brought in to voice
for the narrator in the film.
• Name the film/anime. Identify the character dubbed by
• In the recent 48th G7 summit held in
Germany, Indian Prime Minister Shri
Narendra Modi gave gifts to different
G7 leaders. Most of the gifts were from
Uttar Pradesh under the state scheme of
one district, one product. To the
American President Joe Biden, Modi
gave Gulabi Meenakari cufflinks with a
matching brooch for First Lady Jill
Biden. The artform actually originated
in Persia but practised in one of the city
of Uttar Pradesh.
• Identify the city.
• X from Chennai, Tamil nadu, is the first Indian _______ to qualify for Olympics. She was
supported by GoSports Foundation through the Rahul Dravid Athlete Mentorship Program.
She started her sports career in 2003. At the age of 14 she appeared at her first international
tournament in Turkey, where she got black card for being late by three minutes. In 2010
Asian Championship in the Philippines she bagged Bronze medal. She made history by
becoming the first Indian to win a gold medal at the senior Commonwealth ______
Championship in Canberra. She beat Catriona Thomson from Scotland in the semi-finals and
then defeated England's Emily Ruaux. She was the first Indian to win the first round in her
sport in last year Tokyo Olympic.
• Identify the personality and the sport.
• Only patented entity of it’s type in the world, it is traditionally
prepared by a special group of people known as ‘archakas’ in a
highly guarded room known as ‘potu’. All the basic ingredients
are bought at the auction at the Commodities and Spices
Exchange in Kochi.
• Celebrated it’s 300th ‘birthday’ with much pomp and fanfare on
Aug 2, 2015, what is being talked about?
Audience question -1
• Roopkund (locally known as Mystery Lake) is a
high altitude glacial lake in the Uttarakhand state
of India. Located in the Himalayas, the area
around the lake is uninhabited and is roughly at
an altitude of 5,020 metres (16,470
ft),surrounded by rock-strewn glaciers and snow-
clad mountains. The lake is covered with ice for
most of the year, with the best time to trek being
• But this is not the only thing which
makes this lake special , can you tell
why is this lake so famous? This
speciality led National Geographic to
make a documentary on it too.
• The story goes on like this : acclaimed director Mrinal Sen was making
the movie Bhuvan Shome, and decided to add a narrator, for which he
approached X, which was an unusual choice in itself since X had been
rejected from the radio because of his deep baritone. X agreed and
decided to do the film without any payment, but in the end had to
reluctantly accept a cheque of Rs. 100 from the director. The film was
critically acclaimed and won the national award for best feature film
that year, and X went on to provide narration in many more films. His
voice is now considered to be one of the most recognisable voices in
India, and perhaps the world.
• Who is X ?
Audience question -2
There are 8 questions/ clues about 8 famous
Mega Connect after each questions
Direct Question = +10/0
Bounce/ Bonus = +5/0
• X was born on 16 July 1909 in Kalka, Punjab, British India (now in Haryana, India) into
a Bengali Brahmin family.
• She was an active participant in the Indian independence movement, she is widely remembered
for hoisting the Indian National flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan, Bombay during the Quit
India Movement in 1942. She was dubbed as the Heroine of the 1942 movement for her
bravery in the face of danger and was called Grand Old Lady of the Independence
movement in her later years.
• Post-independence, she remained active in politics, becoming Delhi's first Mayor. She and
Jayaprakash Narayanan started Link publishing house and published a daily
• She died in New Delhi on 29 July 1996, aged 87.
• X was born on 29 July 1904 to a non-resident Indian Parsi family in Paris, France.
• His mother was the first woman in India to drive a car and, in 1929, he became the
first licensed pilot in India. He later came to be known as the "Father of Indian civil
• He was conferred the honorary rank of group captain by the Indian Air Force in 1948,
was promoted to the Air Commodore rank (equivalent to Brigadier in the army) on 4
October 1966, and was further promoted on 1 April 1974 to the Air Vice Marshal rank.
• He died in Geneva, Switzerland on 29 November 1993 at the age of 89 of a kidney
infection. In his memory, the Government of Maharashtra named its first double-
• X was born on 30 June 1934 in Bangalore.
• He is an Indian chemist who has worked mainly in solid-state and structural chemistry.
• He completed BSc from Mysore University at age seventeen, and MSc from Banaras Hindu
University at age nineteen. He earned a PhD from Purdue University at age twenty-four. He was
the youngest lecturer when he joined the Indian Institute of Science in 1959.After a transfer
to Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, he returned to IISc, eventually becoming its Director
from 1984 to 1994. He was chair of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of
India during 1985 to 1989 and 2005 to 2014. He founded and works in Jawaharlal Nehru Centre
for Advanced Scientific Research and International Centre for Materials Science.
• He was one of the first to synthesise 123 cuprate, the first liquid nitrogen-temperature
superconductor in 1987. He was also the first to synthesis Y junction carbon nanotubes in the
• He is described as a scientist who had won all possible awards in his field except the Nobel
• X was born on 16 September 1916
• She began her Carnatic classical music training under her mother; and later in Hindustani
classical training under Pandit Narayan Rao Vyas. Her first recording was released when
she was 10 years old.
• She traveled to London, New York, Canada, the Far East, and other places as India's
cultural ambassador. Her concerts at Carnegie Hall, New York; the UN General Assembly
on UN day in 1966; the Royal Albert Hall, London in 1982; and at the Festival of India in
Moscow in 1987 were significant landmarks in her career.
• She is the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award.
• It is said that Sarojini Naidu was the Nightingale of India by her verses but X was the
Nightingale of India by her voice.
• She passed away on 11th December 2004.
• X was born on 21 March 1916 into a family of traditional Muslim musicians at the town
of Dumraon British India, as the second son of Paigambar Bux Khan and Mitthanbai.
• He was named Qamruddin at birth, to rhyme with his elder brother's name Shamsuddin. Upon seeing
the new born, his grandfather Rasool Baksh Khan, also a musician, is said to have exclaimed a name,
and thereafter he came to be known by this name.
• While the music instrument had long held importance as a folk instrument played primarily schooled
in traditional ceremonies, X is credited with elevating its status and bringing it to the concert stage.
• On 17 August 2006, X's health deteriorated and he was admitted to the Heritage Hospital, Varanasi for
treatment. X's last wish – to perform at India Gate, could not be fulfilled. He wanted to pay tributes to
the martyrs. He waited in vain till his last rites. He died of cardiac arrest on 21 August 2006.
• Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, instituted the X Yuva Puraskar in 2007, in his honour. It is given
to young artists in the field of music, theatre and dance.
• X wrote some poems and songs. Some of those are-
1. Zindagi Ke Dastavez
2. Maut Se Than Gayi
3. Os Ki Boond
4. Khoon Kyun Safed Ho Gaya
5. Do Anubhutiyan - Geet Nahi Gata Hoon
6. Sachayi Yeh Hai Ki
7. Kadam Mila Kar Chalna Hoga
8. Yaksha Prashan
9. Aao Phir Se Diya Jalayen
10.Haar Nahi Manooga
• His published works include Kaidi Kaviraj Ki Kundalian, a collection of poems written
during the 1975–77 emergency, and Amar aag hai. With regard to his poetry he wrote,
"My poetry is a declaration of war, not an exordium to defeat. It is not the defeated
soldier's drumbeat of despair, but the fighting warrior's will to win. It is not the despirited
voice of dejection but the stirring shout of victory."
• X was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, then a part of the Ottoman Empire, now a part
of Saudi Arabia. His real name was Sayyid Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al
• He began his journalistic endeavours at an early age. In 1899 at the age of eleven he started
publishing a poetical journal Nairang-e-Aalam at Calcutta and was already an editor of a
weekly Al-Misbah in 1900. He contributed articles to Urdu magazines and journals such
as Makhzan, Ahsanul Akhbar, and Khadang e Nazar.
• He became the leader of the Khilafat Movement, during which he came into close contact
with Mahatma Gandhi. He became an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi's ideas of non-
violent civil disobedience, and worked to organise the non-co-operation movement in
protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. In 1923, at an age of 35, he became the youngest person
to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress
• He was India's first Minister of Education. His birthday, 11 November is celebrated
as National Education Day in India.
• Ayurveda, the traditional form of Indian medicine has been
around for two Millenia. The first printed form was seen in
Shushruta samhita, before which it was passed down by word of
mouth along with other religious texts like the Upanishads,
• Which Veda did Ayurveda come under?
• The ancient city of X was the southern centre of the
Harappan Civilization, situated on the arid island of Khadir
in the State of Gujarat. Occupied between 3000-1500 BCE,
the archaeological site is one of the best preserved urban
settlements from the period, comprising a fortified city and a
• Declared a UNESCO World Heritage site on 27th July,
2021, name the city X.
• Crescograph is a simple device consisting of a pulley and a pointer
meant to measure the height of a plant. The scientist who invented
it was not only a botanist, but also a biologist and a physicist. He is
also know for his discovery of millimetre length electromagnetic
waves. He also has a controversial history on the discovery of a
common device and wave, whose credit is given to a different
contemporary Italian scientist.
• Name the Indian scientist and the disputed invention.
• X is a river which flows through 3 different countries, India
being one of them. In the other two countries it is called
yarlung zangbo river and Jamuna (not yamuna, mind it). It
has a tumultuous history famous for its ever changing
course in different eras. This is the 9th largest river by
volume and the 15th largest by length. Following a very
roundabout course, it has numerous hydroelectric projects
on it, including the Zangmu dam.
• What is X called in India?
• The creator of this character X has said ,"Each family has its own
wise old man. He solved problems with common sense, but with
a touch of humor." Sources also say that Chanakya was also an
inspiration leading to the making of this character X. This
character is not strong, but uses his wits and a wooden stick to
fight bad guys. Other characters from this popular literature
include an alien from Jupiter, his wife, his identical twin, an
unlucky friend, and his pet dog. It was first published in1971 in
the Hindi magazine Lotpot.
• Can you name the character, and also the creator.
• Amar Gopal was the son of Noni Gopal, an Indian freedom
fighter and an American mother, Charlotte Mechlin. He first
showed his interest in electronics at the age of 13 and started a
small home business repairing model trains and radios. Amar
Gopal completed his PhD in electrical engineering from MIT
following which he became a professor there. It was during this
time that he founded this multinational electronic giant whose
main focus was on psychoacoustics of the electronics.
• What did he establish?
• Food historian P Thankappan Nair states that the battle for the origin of X is won by
Karnataka over Tamil Nadu. According to him, it originated in Udupi town in Karnataka.
Chalukya King Someshvara III who ruled Karnataka around 1126 CE, in his book
Manasollasa (Sanskrit encyclopedia of the 12th Century), had also jotted down a recipe
for X. But food historian KT Achaya says in his book The Story Of Our Food (2003) that
X had been in Tamil culture since 1st Century AD.
• This origin story is the one with the most entertainment value. Legend has it that a
Brahmin cook from Udupi, in an attempt to escape his religious expectations, wanted to
consume alcohol to feel free and wild, and act as such. In his endeavours to feel what he
imagined to be ‘high’, he set out to ferment his own alcohol using rice, as alcohol was
unavailable to Brahmins. Highly unsuccessful in his venture, he ended up pouring the
mixture and created X.
• What is X?
• S. Rangarajan (in pic), better known by his
allonym Sujatha, was an Indian author, novelist and
screenwriter who wrote in Tamil. He extended his writing
skills and expertise from science to movies. In 1986, a film
X was adopted from the novel of same name and did well
in box office.
• Y, an Indian film director and screenwriter was born in
Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu, India in the year of
release of X. The novel and the movie attracted him and he
again directed a new movie of same name by taking the
main protagonist and the movie became one of the highest
grossing Tamil movies.
• Identify X and Y.