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Africa straddles the equator which bestows a rich diversity of wildlife and landscapes on the world's second largest continent. Large predators roam the sweeping savannas among huge herds of grazing herbivores, while apes, monkeys and snakes inhabit its dark, dense forests. Widely regarded as the place where human life originated, Africa is home to many of the world's best loved and most fascinating animals, as well as to some of its most endangered.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent.
At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it
covers six percent of Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of its
total land area.
The continent is surrounded
by the Mediterranean
Sea to the north, both
the Suez Canal and
the Red Sea along the Sinai
Peninsula to the northeast,
the Indian Ocean to the
southeast, and the Atlantic
Ocean to the west.
Airlines flourished because, in many African countries, road
and rail networks are not well developed due to financial
issues, terrain, and rainy seasons.
Africa had about 4,000 airports
and airfields. Only 117 of
Africa’s airports are classified
as international airports.
Airlines, like Air Afrique, were
jointly sponsored by multiple
governments. Joint carriers,
such as Central African
Airways, East African Airways,
and West African Airways,
were established when the
United Kingdom colonized
parts of Africa.[
Inland water transport: This covers transport on rivers, lakes, lagoons and canals. Some of
the large rivers and lakes in different parts of the world are important mean of
Ocean transport: This means of
transport carries much of the world's
trade. There are various vessels used.
E.g. Cargo Liners, Passenger Liners,
Tramp Steamers, Oil Tankers and
Refrigerated Ships, Naval Vessels
Lakes used for transport
included, lake victoria in East
Africa, the Great Lakes of North
Africa, Lake Malawi in southern
Africa, Lake Chad in West
Road transport is the most dominant mode of motorized transport in
Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the goods traffic and 90 per cent
of the passenger traffic on the continent. African countries together
have about 2.06 million km of roads
The continent had a
total railway network of
Wildlife of Equatorial
ForestsThe rainforests have Africa's richest
assortment of animals.
A four-mile patch
could contain up
to 400 species of
birds, 150 species
of butterflies and
60 species of
Wildlife of Savanna
Many animals live in savannas,
from invertebrates (like
grasshoppers, termites, and
beetles) to large mammals (like
lions and leopards).
The animals that live in savannas
have adapted to a great deal of
variability in the food supply
throughout the year
Wildlife of Tropical Deserts
The harsh conditions found in the Sahara Desert have also played a role in
the presence of animal life in the Sahara Desert. In the central and driest
part of the desert there are around 70 different animal species, 20 of which
are large mammals like the spotted hyena.
Wildlife of Mediterranean
CoastThe Mediterranean woodlands and forests were home to a large variety of
large mammals. Unfortunately, many of those (especially the large
predators) has disappeared as a result of human influences.
Examples of large mammals
and forests of North Africa are
the Egyptian wolf, the Atlas
bear, the Barbary lion and
the Barbary leopard
Wildlife of Temperate
GrasslandsTemperate grasslands are home to many large herbivores. Some of
these include bison, gazelles, zebras, rhinoceroses, and wild horses.
Carnivores like lions and wolves are also found in temperate
Other animals of this region include: deer, prairie
dogs, mice, jack rabbits, skunks, coyotes, snakes,
foxes, owls, badgers, blackbirds, grasshoppers,
meadowlarks, sparrows, quails, and hawks.
Wildlife of Madagascar
IslandMadagascar has many insects,
fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds
and animals which are unique
to the island.
There are over
340 species of
around half of
Wildlife of South Eastern
CoastMany of the larger mammal species are shared with the neighboring
Eastern Miombo Woodlands, including elephant (Loxodonta africana),
buffalo (Syncerus caffer), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), roan
antelope (H. equinus), and Lichtenstein’s hartebeest (Alcelaphus
Wildlife of Ethiopian
HighlandsEndemic species include the rarest canid in the world - Ethiopian wolf,
Walia ibex, Mountain nyala ,and the Giant root rat .
endemic to the
Ethiopian toadBirds with limited distributions include Ankober serin and White-winged flufftail .