O slideshow foi denunciado.
Seu SlideShare está sendo baixado. ×

Use of Plastic Wastes in Road Construction.ppt

Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Próximos SlideShares
Distress in Pavement.pptx
Distress in Pavement.pptx
Carregando em…3
×

Confira estes a seguir

1 de 26 Anúncio

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Mais recentes (20)

Anúncio

Use of Plastic Wastes in Road Construction.ppt

  1. 1. Romharsh Oli 021-1221 Nepal Engineering College NEC-cps 1
  2. 2.  Plastic waste - hazard to the environment.  Plastics waste –availability is enormous.  Thinner polythene carry bags are most abundant they have no recycle value too.  Disposal of plastic waste in an eco-friendly way is thrust area of research today. 2
  3. 3. WHY USE OF PLASTIC • Durable & corrosion resistant. • Good insulation for cold, heat & sound saving energy and reducing noise pollution. • It is economical and has a longer life. • Maintenance free. • Ease of processing/ installation. • Light weight.
  4. 4. Uses of Plastic in the 21st Century
  5. 5. WASTE PLASTIC
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. NEED FOR THE STUDY:  Disposal of waste plastic is a major problem.  Burning of these waste plastic bags causes environmental pollution.  Utilization of plastic waste in bitumen has proved to enhance the property of mix in addition to solving the disposal problem.  Waste plastic could be mixed with bitumen to improve its binding property in the mix.  Improvement in properties of bituminous mix provides the solution for disposal in an useful way . 7
  8. 8. What is plastic?? • A material that contains one or more organic polymers of large molecular weight, solid in its finished state and at some state while manufacturing or processing into finished articles, can be shaped by its flow. Types of plastics: 1.Thermoset. 2.Elastomers. 3.Thermoplastics. 8
  9. 9. DIFFERENT TYPE OF WASTE PLASTIC (POLYMER) AND ITS ORIGIN: Type of waste plastic (polymer) Origin  Low density polyethylene (LDPE): bags, sacks, bin lining and squeezable  detergent bottles etc .  High density polyethylene (HDPE): bottles of pharmaceuticals, disinfectants, milk, fruit juices, bottle caps etc .  Polypropylene (PP): bottle cap and closures, film wrapping for biscuits, microwave trays for ready-made Meals etc.  Polystyrene (PS): yogurt pots, clear egg packs, bottle caps.  Foamed Polystyrene: food trays, egg boxes, disposable cups, protective packaging etc .  Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): mineral water bottles, credit cards, toys, pipes and gutters; electrical fittings, furniture, folders and pens; medical disposables; etc . 9
  10. 10. 1. Segregation 2. Cleaning process 3. Shredding process 4. Collection process 10
  11. 11. – Plastic waste collected from various sources must be separated from other waste. – Maximum thickness of 60 microns. SEGREGATION PROCESS 11
  12. 12.  Plastic waste get cleaned and dried. Cleaning process 12
  13. 13.  Will be shredded or cut into small piece.  The different types of plastic wastes are mixed together. shredding process 13
  14. 14.  The plastic waste retaining in 2.36 mm is collected. Collected Plastic 14
  15. 15.  There are two type of field trials: 1.Dry process. 2.Wet process. 15
  16. 16.  The aggregate is heated to 170°C in the Mini hot Mix Plant . Heated aggregates 16
  17. 17.  The shredded plastic waste is added in equal proportion. Adding shredded plastic 17
  18. 18. 18 Aggregate-plastic- Bitumen Mix • The mixture is transferred to the road and the road is laid. • Immediately the hot Bitumen 60/70 or 80/100 grade (160°C) is added .
  19. 19.  Waste plastics by direct mixing with hot bitumen at 160°C.  Mechanical stirrer is needed.  Addition of stabilizers and proper cooling.  Since the wet process require a lot of investment and bigger plants .  Not commonly used.. 19
  20. 20. Binding property :  Plastic is a good binder. 20 % of plastic coating over aggregate Compressive strength (MPa) Bending strength (MPa) 10% 250 325 20% 270 335 30% 290 350 40% 320 390
  21. 21. 1 .Aggregate impact value  Plastics improves aggregate impact value.  Helps to improve the quality of flexible pavement . Aggregate impact value 21
  22. 22. 2.Los Angel’s Abrasion Test  Wear and tear values of plastic coated aggregate is found to be decreasing the percentage of plastics  (Eg.37% without plastic, 32% with 1% plastic and 29% with 2% plastic). 3.Soundness Test  The plastic coated aggregate, did not show any weight loss, improvement in the quality of the aggregate. 22
  23. 23.  Use higher percentage of plastic waste.  Reduce the need of bitumen by around 10%.  Increase the strength and performance of the road.  Reduce the cost to around Rs.5000/Km. of single lane road.  Generate jobs for rag pickers.  Develop a technology, which is eco-friendly.  Lab tests and real time tests have revealed that the life expectancy of a plastic polymer road as compared to a normal road is at least 100% more.  Better resistance towards rain water and water stagnation .  Increase binding and better bonding of the mix.  The maintenance cost of road is almost nil.  The load withstanding property increases. It helps to satisfy today’s need of increased road transport. 23
  24. 24. 1. Cleaning process:  Toxics present in the co-mingled plastic waste would start leaching. 2. During the road laying process:  But the presence of chlorine will definitely release noxious HCL gas. 3. After the road laying:  The components of the road, once it has been laid, are not inert.  The first rain will trigger leaching of the sticky layer of plastics formed by mechanical abrasion.  Once the road is started to be used will cause the release of fine polymer particles. 24
  25. 25.  Utilization of plastic waste in road construction is the best method for easy disposal of waste plastic.  Improvement in properties of bituminous mix provides the solution for disposal in an useful way.  It is hoped that in near future we will have strong, durable and eco- friendly roads which will relieve the earth from all type of plastic- waste. 25
  26. 26. YOU 26

Notas do Editor

  • 18

×