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Social Work Conference Lecture presentation 0417

  1. Central Massachusetts Coalition to End Human Trafficking
  2. Sources International Labour Organization National Center for missing and Exploited Children Polaris Project
  3. Types of domestic human trafficking: The Typology of Modern Slavery – Polaris Project  Escort Services  Illicit Massage  Health, & Beauty  Outdoor Solicitation  Residential Domestic Work  Bars, Strip Clubs, & Cantinas  Pornography  Traveling Sales Crews  Restaurants & Food Service  Peddling & Begging  Agriculture & Animal Husbandry  Personal Sexual Servitude  Health & Beauty Services  Construction  Hotels & Hospitality  Landscaping  lllicit Activities  Arts & Entertainment  Commercial Cleaning Services  Factories & Manufacturing  Remote Interactive Sexual Acts  Carnivals  Forestry & Logging  Health Care  Recreational Facilities
  4. TIP Report Trafficking in Persons
  5. TIP Report, cont’d. TIER 1 The governments of countries that fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. While Tier 1 is the highest ranking, it does not mean that a country has no human trafficking problem or that it is doing enough to address the problem.
  6. TIP Report, cont’d. TIER 2 The governments of countries that do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to meet those standards.
  7. TIP Report, cont’d.  TIER 2 WATCH LIST The government of countries that do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to meet those standards, and for which:  a) the absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;  b) there is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year, including increased investigations, prosecution, and convictions of trafficking crimes; increased assistance to victims; and decreasing evidence of complicity in severe forms of trafficking by government officials;  or c) the determination that a country is making significant efforts to meet the minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional steps over the next year.
  8. TIP Report, cont’d. TIER 3 The governments of countries that do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.
  9. United States: Tier 1 Particularly vulnerable populations in the United States include: children in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems; runaway and homeless youth; American Indians and Alaska Natives; migrant laborers, including participants in visa programs for temporary workers; foreign national domestic workers in diplomatic households; persons with limited English proficiency; persons with disabilities; and LGBTQ individuals. All forms of trafficking are believed to occur in the U.S. insular areas, including Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI).
  10. American Youth and Commercial Sex Trafficking In 2016, 18,500 children were reported to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, who were classified as runaways.
  11. American Youth and Commercial Sex Trafficking In 2016, the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children estimated that 1 in 6 endangered runaways reported to them were likely sex trafficking victims. 86% of these trafficked kids were in the care of social services, or foster care when they went missing.
  12. Youth at Risk Traffickers target vulnerable children and lure them into sex trafficking using physical and psychological manipulation, and sometimes they may resort to violence. Any child may be vulnerable to such a person who promises to meet his or her emotional and physical needs. Often traffickers/pimps will create a seemingly loving or caring relationship with their victim in order to establish trust and allegiance. This manipulative relationship tries to ensure the youth will remain loyal to the exploiter even in the face of severe victimization. These relationships may begin online before progressing to a real-life encounter.
  13. Youth at Risk Targeted Tricked Traumatized
  14. Pimps are predators who seek out vulnerable victims. While any youth can be targeted by a pimp, runaways or children experiencing trouble at home are especially vulnerable. Traffickers know these children have emotional and physical needs that are not often being met and use this to their advantage. Pimps find victims at a variety of venues such as in social networking websites, shopping malls, and schools; on local streets; or at bus stations. Targeted
  15. Pimps are willing to invest a great deal of time and effort in their victim to break down a victim’s natural resistance and suspicion – buying them gifts, providing a place to stay, promising a loving relationship – before revealing their true intent. Frequently victims do not realize the deceptive nature of their trafficker’s interest in them, viewing their pimp as a caretaker and/or boyfriend. Tricked
  16. A pimp’s use of psychological manipulation causes the child to truly believe the pimp cares for his or her well-being. Coupled with physical control this can make a victim feel trapped and powerless to leave. This “trauma bond” is difficult to break and specialized intervention and services are often necessary. Traumatized
  17. High Risk Factors – youth with increased vulnerability  Youth who are chronically missing/run away especially 3+ missing incidents  Youth who have experienced childhood sexual abuse, especially if it resulted in being removed from the home or the abuse was unreported or unaddressed  Youth who have experienced prior sexual assault or rape  Youth with significant substance abuse or living with families with significant substance abuse  Youth who identify as LGBTQ and have been kicked out or stigmatized by their families
  18. Federal Legislation  Enacted in September 2014, the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act, P.L. 113-183 (H.R. 4980) requires the States to report each missing or abducted foster child to law enforcement and to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.  The Bringing Missing Children Home Act, a portion of the larger Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015, P.L. 114-22, was enacted in May 2015. Among other improvements related to record-keeping, this legislation amended federal law to require that law enforcement agencies notify NCMEC of each report they receive relating to a child missing from foster care.
  19. What to do – parents Open communication is key. Share the dangers of sex trafficking with your children and encourage them to alert you when they feel uncomfortable in any situation. Often trafficking victims have experienced victimization in the past, and many times this has been inflicted by individuals close to the victim. Do you trust the people with whom your child interacts? Knowing whom your children are with at all times is crucial to protecting their safety. When your daughter or son is online, do you know which sites they are visiting and with whom they are communicating? Taking the time to monitor what your children do and who they are interacting with on the Internet is a VERY important step in keeping your child safer. If something does not seem right, ask questions!
  20. What to do – child welfare workers  Prevention - One of the most important things you can do to protect youth is to make them aware. Share the dangers of sex trafficking with youth and challenge myths and misconceptions that glamorize commercial sex. Talk with youth about online safety and how traffickers/pimps are using social networking sites to mask their appearance and true intentions.  Intervention & Access to Services When a youth is recovered or returns from a run incident it is important that the legal guardian express relief that the child has been found and concern for the child’s well-being while they were missing. Asking non-judgmental questions about how the child took care of themselves while they were missing while noting red flags or changes in behavior can help reveal potential victimization. Recognizing that youth are rarely able to see signs of grooming and are even less likely to disclose victimization once it has begun makes it imperative that professionals open the door for these concerns and conversations. Also, once these concerns have been recognized engaging specialized services can assist with further assessment and support.
  21. What to do – all of us History of running away or current status as a runaway Signs of current physical abuse and/or multiple sexually transmitted diseases Unstable home life and/or involvement in the child welfare or foster care system Youth has items or an appearance that does not fit the current situation (Examples include having money, electronics, new clothes/shoes, hair/nails done but youth is homeless/runaway)
  22. What to do – all of us Presence of an older boy- or girlfriend. While they may seem “cool,” older friends or boyfriends are not always the caring individuals they appear to be Substance abuse of harder drugs. Pimps may also target youth with significant drug addictions as well as use drugs to lure and control their victims Withdrawal or lack of interest in previous activities. Due to depression or being forced to spend time with their pimp, victims lose control of their personal lives Gang involvement, especially among girls.
  23. #WALK FREE 500 Miles to End Slavery

Notas do Editor

  1. This report is created by the United States Department of State. It’s a very long and very comprehensive work, and it’s completed every year. What happens in the TIP Report, is that agents investigate, monitor, and report on the status of modern day slavery all over the world. There are sections in the report to educate the general public about the crisis, and even provide some possible solutions. My issue with the TIP Report is this: many of the countries that are investigated, have been found to continue to exploit people through slavery, and it’s my humble opinion that we are a country of hypocrites. I know I’m going to get a lot of fallout later, because I always do when I come out and say something “radical” and “offensive” like that. Happens every time. But this is where my quote came from, that I showed earlier. Awareness without Action = Acceptance. Our government is fully aware of the plight of so many labourers overseas, and often times right here within our borders, yet, as a nation, we continue to allow the imports to come in here. These are imports which we fully realize are made under conditions of immense suffering, the likes of which we would never tolerate here, in our great country. And yet we continue to allow the flow of these tainted goods, because we, as consumers, benefit from the low prices of those imports.
  2. Talk about the question from Mrs. Bish – who is supposed to be looking for these kids? Is anybody looking for them? Tell two similar stories…