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Water Environment Association of Ontario 2019 Annual Conference, Toronto, Ontario, April 16, 2019
by Robert J. Muir, M.A.Sc., P.Eng., Fabian Papa, MBA, P.Eng.
Presentation reviews policies and regulations in Ontario promoting cost-effective infrastructure servicing. Summarizes the assessment of cost effectiveness of grey, green and blended green and grey flood damage reduction strategies on a system-wide basis. Identifies triple-bottom-line benefits of erosion mitigation reduction and water quality improvements due to green infrastructure implementation. Details of the analysis are presented in the proceedings paper also included here: https://www.cityfloodmap.com/2019/03/an-economic-analysis-of-green-v-grey.html
The analysis indicates benefit cost ratios for flood control and other benefits and assesses funding impacts on stormwater utility fees in a case study in the City of Markham. Markham's current Flood Control Program consisting largely of grey infrastructure is shown to be cost-effective with benefits exceeding costs by 2 to 1 based on insured loss deferral (and a higher ratio considering higher total losses). Green infrastructure is shown to be less cost-effective at delivering flood control and the cost for achieving water quality benefits exceeds the estimated willingness to pay 'value' of those benefits. The analysis suggests that a critical, strategic evaluation of green infrastructure implementation targets is required prior to system-wide implementation, given cost concerns.