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PresentationCONTEMPORARY PPT 1.pptx


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  1. 1. LESSON OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:  Differentiate Regionalization and Globalization  Identify the factors leading to greater integration of the Asian Region Analyze how different Asian states confront the challenges of globalization and regionalization
  2. 2. WHAT IS REGIONS? •REGIONS are groups of countries located in the same geographically specified area; •Encyclopedic Entry Vocabulary. A region is an area of land that has common features. A region can be defined by natural or artificial features.
  3. 3. WHAT IS REGIONALIZATION? •The process of dividing an area into smaller segments called REGIONS •Division of a nation into states or provinces. •In Economic Context, it is a Management Tool.
  4. 4. WHAT IS REGIONALISM? •Regionalism is created as a sort of counter- globalization •Regional organizations will always prefer regional partners over the rest of the world.
  5. 5. WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? •The expansion and intensification of social relations and consciousness across world space and world-time. •It is a process that every nation interacts with each other in order to achieve global unity
  6. 6. The differences between regionalization and globalization
  7. 7. The differences between regionalization and globalization
  8. 8. The differences between regionalization and globalization
  9. 9. The differences between regionalization and globalization
  10. 10. The differences between regionalization and globalization
  11. 11. Regional Integration is the process by which two or more nation- states agree to cooperate and work closely together to achieve peace, stability, and wealth.
  12. 12. MILITARY DEFENSE The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed to protect Europe from the threat of the Soviet Union; and as a response, the Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact.
  13. 13. Economic Crisis The ASEAN countries along with China, Japan, and South Korea established an emergency fund that stabilized Asian economies after the rippling effect of the Thai economy’s collapse.
  14. 14. Resources Countries need to pool their resources together to make themselves more powerful. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) rose in power when it took over domestic production and controlled crude oil prices across the globe.
  15. 15. Protection of Independence The countries under the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) refused to side with the capitalists (Western Europe & North America) or the communists (Eastern Europe).
  16. 16. Factors that Leads the Asian Region into greater integration • TRADE • SIMILAR CULTURE • COMMON GOALS • SIMILAR SECURITY NEEDS
  17. 17. CHALLENGES TO REGIONALISM 1. The resurgence of militant nationalism and populism - this involves the conflict between NATO, the United States, and Vladimir Putin’s Anti-NATO movement 2. Continuing financial crisis. -The continuing crisis in the European Region continues to lead the United Kingdom into exiting the European Union.
  18. 18. CHALLENGES TO REGIONALISM 3. Conflict between sovereignty and regional stability. -The Philippines had difficulty letting some countries support its condemnation of China’s occupation of the West Philippine Sea because China had given great investments and economic aid to these countries. 4. Differing visions of regionalism. - Developed countries like the US may only see regionalism as a tool for political democratization, but developing countries see regionalism as an obstacle to economic globalization because public inquiry slows down its implementations.
  19. 19. ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS • Founded on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines • Promoted economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in the Southeast Asian region through multilateral cooperation
  20. 20. ASEAN Member Countries
  21. 21. •Capital: Jakarta •Population: 264 million (2017) •Type of Government: Democratic Republic •Government Leader: Joko Widodo (President) •Currency: Rupiah (0.0037 Php) INDONESIA
  22. 22. THAILAND ➢ Capital: Bangkok ➢ Population: 69.04 million (2017) ➢ Type of Government: Constitutional Monarchy ➢ Government Leaders: Maha Vajiralongkorn (King); Prayut Chan-o-cha (Prime Minister); ➢ Currency: Baht (1.67 Php)
  23. 23. MALAYSIA • Capital: Kuala Lumpur • Population: 31.62 million (2017) • Type of Government: Federal Constitutional Monarchy Government Leaders: Muhammad V of Kelantan (King); Mahathir Bin Mohamad (Prime Minister) • Currency: Ringgit (12.99 Php)
  24. 24. SINGAPORE • Capital: Pulau Ujong • Population: 5.612 million (2017) • Type of Government: Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic) Government Leaders: Halimah Yacob (President); Lee Hsien Loong (Prime Minister) • Currency: Singapore dollar (39.12 Php)
  25. 25. PHILIPPINES • Capital: Manila • Population: 104.9 million (2017) • Type of Government: Democratic Republic • Government Leader: FERDINAND MARCOS Jr. (President) • Currency: Philippine Peso
  26. 26. VIETNAM ➢ Capital: Hanoi ➢ Population: 95.54 million (2017) ➢ Type of Government: Communist ➢ Government Leader: Nguyen Phu Trong (President & Head of Party); Nguyễn Xuân Phúc (Prime Minister) ➢ Currency: Vietnamese dong (0.0023 Php)
  27. 27. CAMBODIA • Capital: Phnom Penh • Population: 16.01 million (2017) • Type of Government: Constitutional Monarchy • Government Leader: Hun Sen (President and Prime Minister) • Currency: Cambodian riel (0.013 Php)
  28. 28. BRUNEI • Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan • Population: 428,697 (2017) • Type of Government: Absolute Monarchy • Government Leader: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah • Currency: Brunei Dollar (39.11 Php)
  29. 29. MYANMAR • Capital: Naypyidaw • Population: 53.37 million (2017) • Type of Government: Parliamentary Republic Government Leader: Win Myint (President) • Currency: Burmese kyat (0.034)
  30. 30. LAOS ➢ Capital: Vientiane ➢ Population: 6.858 million (2017) ➢ Type of Government: Communist State ➢ Government Leader: Bounnhang Vorachith ➢ Currency: Lao kip (0.0062 Php)