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LOCATION: Kelwada, Rajsamand
BUILT IN Started in
The Impregnable Kumbhalgarh Fort
•The Kumbhalgarh fort of Mewar is second most important fort after
the Chittorgarh fort in Rajasthan.
•The fort was built by Maharana Kumbha of Mewar and designed by
great architect Mandan.
•The fort stands on the ruins of Samprati’s(Grandson Of Ashoka) fort.
•It is the only fort in Rajasthan that comes under all the mentioned
categories of forts- the forest fort, the hill fort, the jala fort and the
artificial man-made fort.
•All the facilities including the food grains and crops were grown and
developed within the complex so as to give rest and security to army.
Implausible Architecture Of the Fort
•The fort has 7 fortified barrier gates named as Aret pol,Halla
pol,hanuman pol,ram pol,vijay pol,bhairon pol, nimboo pol.
•The complete area is protected by a wall (over 38kms long) It is
considered to be the 2nd longest continuous wall after the great wall of
China. The thickness of wall varies from 15-20ft.
•Huge bastions were made through which 8 cavalry men with horses
could pass at the same time.
•Several underground passages were made for escaping if situation
arose. The longest being of 7kms.
•Due to strong fortification and well organised army , the fort was not
vulnerable to artillery.
•The fort complex has around 360 temples out of which 300 are jain
temples and rest are of Hindu deities.
•The famous Shiva temple in the middle of the complex, supported on
24 pillars, has a 5ft high Lingum that was installed to suit the height
of Kumbha who was exceptionally tall.
•The Golera group of temples consists of 9 shrines that are adorned
with sculptures of Gods and Goddesses.
•The 52 canopy jain temple near the Vijay pol.
•The walls had carvings of men and women with infants , Yakshas,
gandharvas, Apsaras and deities like Agni,varun,Yama and Indra Deva
and Hindu goddesses.
•10 dams and 20 water reservoir bodies (talabs) were built inside fort
The palace of Rana Kumbha is located close to the Pagda Pol. The
palace is a two storeyed edifice. It consists of two rooms, a corridor in
the middle and open spaces. The rooms are provided with jharokas and
windows in stones.
Birth Place of Maharana Pratap
The mansion known as Jhalia ka Mahal or the Palace of Queen Jhali is
situated near Pagda Pol. This is believed to be the place where
Maharana Pratap was born. It is constructed of rubble stone with
plain walls and flat roof. The traces of painting can still be seen on the
THE BADAL MAHAL
Situated at the highest point of the fort. Constructed by the great builder of that
time Rana Fateh Singh(1885-1930) The palace has 2 storeys and is divided into 2
interconnected distinct portions-the Zanana Mahal and the Mardana mahal.
THE KATARGARH FORT
Built inside the kumbhalgarh fort is this small and simple fort for
kumbha’s residence. It was built at an inaccessible height and was used
for emergency cases.Although some texts refer to it as residence place
for Rana Fateh Singh.
Out of 360 temples inside the complex some of the prominent ones were-
Ganesha temple (on the left side of Ram pol)
Charbhuja temple(to the right of ganesha temple on a hill slope)
Vedi temple(on the right side of ram pol)
Neelkanth Mahadeva temple
Pitalia Dev jain temple
And various miniature shrines near water reservoirs.
Under the guidance of
Dr. Sharad Rathore