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Culture.pptx

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Culture.pptx

  1. 1. Introduction : Culture is a broad term that refers to social norms and behaviour prevalent in human society. Culture is a cultivated behaviour passed along with and without any conscious thought from one generation to the next via imitation and communication.
  2. 2. • The Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition goes a step further, defining culture as shared patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by socialization. So what are the different types of culture ?
  3. 3. Types of culture :
  4. 4. WESTERN CULTURE
  5. 5. • The term "Western culture" has come to define the culture of European countries as well as those that have been heavily influenced by European immigration, such as the United States, according to Khan University. • Today, the influences of Western culture can be seen in almost every country in the world.
  6. 6. EASTERN CULTURE
  7. 7. • Eastern culture generally refers to the societal norms of countries in Far East Asia (including China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea and South Korea) and the Indian subcontinent. Like the West, Eastern culture was heavily influenced by religion during its early development, but it was also heavily influenced by the growth and harvesting of rice, according to a research article published in the journal Rice in 2012. In general, in Eastern culture there is less of a distinction between secular society and religious philosophy than there is in the West. • However, this umbrella covers an enormous range of traditions and histories.
  8. 8. LATIN CULTURE
  9. 9. • Latin America is typically defined as those parts of Central America, South America and Mexico where Spanish or Portuguese are the dominant languages. These are all places that were colonized by or influenced by Spain or Portugal starting in the 1400s. • Latin cultures are thus incredibly diverse, and many blend Indigenous traditions with the Spanish language and Catholicism brought by Spanish and Portuguese colonizers . • Latin culture continues to evolve and spread. A good example is Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, a holiday dedicated to remembering the departed that is celebrated on Nov. 1 and Nov. 2.
  10. 10. Characteristics of culture :
  11. 11. Culture is abstract It is not possible to see culture, but it can be glimpsed through human behaviour in a regular or patterned fashion. It exists in the habits and minds of individuals and is often referred to as a specific way of thinking and doing things.
  12. 12. Culture is shared People shares different aspects of culture unequally.
  13. 13. Culture is dynamic Culture of one place will come in contact with other cultures, and the interaction will lead to the sharing of ideas that will bring changes in both of them. Culture is dynamic as a change in one aspect will lead to a change in the whole process
  14. 14. Culture is gratifying • An essential characteristic of culture is that it offers ample opportunities to satisfy social and biological needs of human beings.
  15. 15. Elements of culture :
  16. 16. Languages The first and foremost element of culture is language. It is the vehicle that is used to transfer knowledge, ideas and information. It helps in direct connection with people and permits a better understanding of any given situation.
  17. 17. Values • It is the element value that determines the behaviour of a person and what he considers right or wrong
  18. 18. Attitude • This element signifies the underlying belief of an individual and his tendency to behave in a specific manner
  19. 19. Functions of culture :
  20. 20. • The various functions of culture are as follows- • Culture creates a viable distinction between two organizations • The culture encourages commitment to the workplace • Culture boosts the stability of a social system • Culture provides the employees with appropriate standards of behaviour and attitude in the organization • Culture provides a distinctive identity for the employees working in an organization • Culture defines goals, values and attitude
  21. 21. Conclusion : Culture is an expression that provides information about customs, goals, morals, values, attitude and outlook shared by a society. This complex concept has a direct and indirect impact on all aspects of human life and gives us a sense of belonging.

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