Culture is a broad term that refers to social
norms and behaviour prevalent in human
Culture is a cultivated behaviour passed along
with and without any conscious thought from
one generation to the next via imitation and
• The Center for Advanced Research on
Language Acquisition goes a step further,
defining culture as shared patterns of
behaviors and interactions, cognitive
constructs and understanding that are learned
So what are the different types of
• The term "Western culture" has come to
define the culture of European countries as
well as those that have been heavily
influenced by European immigration, such as
the United States, according to Khan
• Today, the influences of Western culture can
be seen in almost every country in the world.
• Eastern culture generally refers to the societal norms of
countries in Far East Asia (including China, Japan,
Vietnam, North Korea and South Korea) and
the Indian subcontinent. Like the West, Eastern culture
was heavily influenced by religion during its early
development, but it was also heavily influenced by the
growth and harvesting of rice, according to a research
article published in the journal Rice in 2012. In general,
in Eastern culture there is less of a distinction between
secular society and religious philosophy than there is in
• However, this umbrella covers an enormous range of
traditions and histories.
• Latin America is typically defined as those parts
of Central America, South America
and Mexico where Spanish or Portuguese are the
dominant languages. These are all places that
were colonized by or influenced by Spain or
Portugal starting in the 1400s.
• Latin cultures are thus incredibly diverse, and
many blend Indigenous traditions with the
Spanish language and Catholicism brought
by Spanish and Portuguese colonizers .
• Latin culture continues to evolve and spread. A
good example is Día de los Muertos, or Day of the
Dead, a holiday dedicated to remembering the
departed that is celebrated on Nov. 1 and Nov. 2.
Culture is abstract
It is not possible to see culture, but it can be glimpsed through human
behaviour in a regular or patterned fashion. It exists in the habits and minds
of individuals and is often referred to as a specific way of thinking and doing
Culture is shared
People shares different aspects of culture
Culture is dynamic
Culture of one place will come in contact with
other cultures, and the interaction will lead to
the sharing of ideas that will bring changes in
both of them. Culture is dynamic as a change in
one aspect will lead to a change in the whole
Culture is gratifying
• An essential characteristic of culture is that it
offers ample opportunities to satisfy social
and biological needs of human beings.
The first and foremost element of culture is language. It is the
vehicle that is used to transfer knowledge, ideas and
information. It helps in direct connection with people and
permits a better understanding of any given situation.
• It is the element value that determines the
behaviour of a person and what he considers
right or wrong
• This element signifies the underlying belief of
an individual and his tendency to behave in a
• The various functions of culture are as follows-
• Culture creates a viable distinction between two
• The culture encourages commitment to the
• Culture boosts the stability of a social system
• Culture provides the employees with appropriate
standards of behaviour and attitude in the
• Culture provides a distinctive identity for the
employees working in an organization
• Culture defines goals, values and attitude
Culture is an expression that provides information
about customs, goals, morals, values, attitude and
outlook shared by a society. This complex concept has a
direct and indirect impact on all aspects of human life
and gives us a sense of belonging.
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