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Pristaia english new скорочена регіональний симпозіум

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Pristaia english new

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Pristaia english new скорочена регіональний симпозіум

  1. 1. Condition and strategy of development of forest transportation network in Ukraine State Forest Resources Agency of Ukraine Dr. Oleksii PRYSTAIA Member of the Board of the State Forest Agency of Ukraine,, Emeritus Builder of Ukraine e-mail prystaia@gmail.com Tel. + 38 (067) 3120894
  2. 2. About 4,000 km of forest roads were constructed in 2007-2014, which increased their total length is 6%
  3. 3. The solution to the problem of forest infrastructure in Ukraine One of the main problem of forestry of Ukraine’s forestry is insufficiently developed forest infrastructure Forest roads in UkraineForest roads in Austria
  4. 4. The construction of forest roads • The total length of forest roads in Ukraine is about 74 thousand km. • The density of automobile roads in Ukraine - 7.7 km per 1 thousand ha. • This is 5-7 times less than the best European indicators • There are 40-55 km of roads per one thousand ha in Austria, Germany, Switzerland, France
  5. 5. The development of forest infrastructure is a priority of the government • The need for construction of forest roads in Ukraine makes up about 250,000 km • If you build a 3 thousand km of forest roads in Ukraine every year, the European indicators level will be reached in 75 years
  6. 6. Mountain forest roads are laid along the beds of rivers and streams
  7. 7. Destruction of roads laid along watercourses
  8. 8. Destruction of roads laid along watercourses
  9. 9. Destruction of roads laid along watercourses
  10. 10. Destruction and damage to bridges
  11. 11. Destruction and damage to bridges
  12. 12. Let's see how it looks in reality in countries such as: • Germany • Turkey • Austria • France • Finland
  13. 13. Forest roads in Austria
  14. 14. Forest roads in Austria
  15. 15. Forest roads in Austria
  16. 16. Germany
  17. 17. Forest roads in Germany The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  18. 18. Forest roads in Germany The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  19. 19. Turkey
  20. 20. Forest roads in Turkey
  21. 21. Forest roads in Turkey
  22. 22. Finland
  23. 23. Forest roads in Finland The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  24. 24. Forest roads in Finland The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  25. 25. At the end of each forest road built in Finland there is a "loop" for logging vehicles to turn The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  26. 26. France
  27. 27. Forest roads in France The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  28. 28. Forest roads in France The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  29. 29. Forest roads in France The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  30. 30. Ukraine
  31. 31. Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  32. 32. Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  33. 33. Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  34. 34. Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  35. 35. A 7 km long forest road was built in 2007 at a height of 1500 m above sea level Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  36. 36. An 8 km long forest road built in 2007 Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  37. 37. Part of built forest roads and designed road route Forest roads in Ukraine The yellow line on the slide with length of one kilometer distance is for comparison
  38. 38. Construction of forest roads in Ukraine was started in 2007 • 60 million USD was allocated from the budget for building forest roads in 2007 • For the money in that year 204 km of paved forest roads were built, including: • - in The Carpathians -164 km • - in Polissya - 40 km
  39. 39. State funded construction of forest roads in Ukraine • In 2007 – 60 mln. UAH .; • In 2008 - 160 mln. UAH., including: • - 70 mln. UAH - construction of forest roads; • - 90 mln. UAH - restoration of forest roads damaged by flood in the Carpathians; • 2009 – No funds allocated from the budget; • 2010 -10 mln. UAH - construction of fire- prevention forest roads; • 2011 -110 mln. UAH .; • 2012 -2013 - No funds allocated from the budget
  40. 40. Stages of a forest road construction in the plains
  41. 41. Stages of a forest road construction on marshes
  42. 42. Stages of a forest road construction in the mountains
  43. 43. Construction of forest roads by excavation technology
  44. 44. Soil "Sorting" during the roadbed construction of the forest roads Under the fertile soil or peat there is always a layer of sand or clay mineral soils, sometimes with inclusions of stone, gravel. So, we “change” fertile soil with mineral layer and move the fertile layer (humus, peat) into the ditch on the sides and reserves, where from the mineral soil was removed for the roadbed construction.
  45. 45. And we get a roadbed like this:
  46. 46. The fertile layer we move to the ditches, slopes and side reserves, and the "mined" mineral soil we use to build the roadbed. This way is several times cheaper and faster than bringing sand for the roadbed construction
  47. 47. We “change” sand for peat in the same way
  48. 48. We build the roadbed of sand, and move the peat to the slopes, ditches and side reserves, where the sand was extracted from.
  49. 49. When the thickness of the peat layer is over 0.5 meter and the groundwater level is high the roadbed is built of imported sand, after the peat has been removed. Peat can be immediately loaded on trucks and transported. When the peat contains a lot of moisture it can be stored in the right of way and removed after draining the moisture, or can be flatten in the roadbed slopes, roadside ditches and reserves, where the material for the roadbed has been taken from.
  50. 50. Examples of roadbed in the swamp built of imported soil on the basis after the peat has been removed
  51. 51. During the roadbed construction "production standards" must be observed and the correct slope should be shaped from the very beginning
  52. 52. During the roadbed construction "production standards" must be observed and the correct slope should be shaped from the very beginning
  53. 53. Laying the removed topsoil "grass up"
  54. 54. Laying the removed topsoil "grass up"
  55. 55. Few examples Construction of forest roads in the "status" of repair
  56. 56. State Enterprise Bilikorovytske Forestry, 0602 June 25 October 26
  57. 57. State Enterprise Bilikorovytske Forestry, 0602 June 25 October 26
  58. 58. State Enterprise Bilikorovytske Forestry, 0602 June 25 October 26
  59. 59. State Enterprise Berdichivske Forestry, 0603 June 3 September 10
  60. 60. State Enterprise Horodnitske Forestry, 0604 June 25 October 27
  61. 61. State Enterprise Horodnitske Forestry, 0604 June 22 October 27
  62. 62. State Enterprise Emilchinske Forestry, 0605 June 15 October 27
  63. 63. "Loop" to turn the car at the end of the road - side view
  64. 64. "Loop" to turn at the end of the road car – view from the road
  65. 65. Charting forest roads routes on digital maps
  66. 66. Maps of forest roads (site of VO "Ukrdzherzhlisproekt") http://www.lisproekt.gov.ua/index.php?id=28
  67. 67. Road track that is being built in real time on a regular map
  68. 68. On the topographical map (landscape)
  69. 69. On the satellite photo
  70. 70. On the volumetric satellite photo (3-D image)
  71. 71. Tracking the use of construction machinery
  72. 72. Experimental model of geographic information system for forest roads inventory Created by UkrHirLis together with NLTUU and "Ukrderzhlisproekt" for State enterprise "Tsumanske forestry" based on ArcQGIS. It is planned to use this model as a basis for organizing the inventory of forest roads during forest management. Involves the use of electronic maps of forest plantations, ortho photos, GIS database and digital maps of forest roads, descriptive information of separate buildings and their photos
  73. 73. • In 2013 Ukraine achieved the rate of forest road construction per unit of forest area that had been maintained in Finland during the last 50 years, leaving behind Russia in this issue even in absolute terms. • Achieved rates should be preserved and in future we have to build at least 1,500 km of forest roads annually • We now have everything necessary for this - knowledge, experience, equipment, technology, work system, political will and ability to earn money
  74. 74. Indexed plan of forest road construction in accordance with harvested volume • Planed volume of building roads by lisgosp`s: – 2007 – 1 km for every 50 000 m3 harvested – 2008 – 1 km for every 40 000 m3 harvested – 2009 – 1 km for every 30 000 m3 harvested – 2010 – 1 km for every 25 000 m3 harvested – 2011 – 1 km for every 20 000 m3 harvested – 2012 – 1 km for every 15 000 m3 harvested – 2013 – 1 km for every 12 500 m3 harvested – 2014 and later – 1 km for every 10 000 m3 harvested
  75. 75. Results • From 2007 till 2014 , 3980 km of forest roads was constructed in Ukraine, include: – In 2011 was constructed - 440 km, among them: • 100 km financed by State budget; • 340 km financed by own money of lisgosp`s; – In 2012 was constructed 942 km, – In 2013 was constructed 1132 km, – In 2014 was constructed 694 km, (doesn't fits a norm because of war in Ukraine) (in 2012 - 2014 all construction financed by own money of lisgosp`s) 130
  76. 76. Economic return • Investments in forestry roads, built in operational woods, as a rule returned from 3 to 5 years, • In some cases these period was reduced to 1 year, • In semi-operational woods economic return counted not only by price but also with its social and ecological advantages
  77. 77. 132 Thank you! Prystaya Oleksiy Dmytrovych, Member of the Board of the State Forest Agency of Ukraine, Ph.D., Emeritus Builder of Ukraine e-mail prystaia@gmail.com Tel. + 38 (067) 3120894

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