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Educating to stop child sex abuse

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Educating to stop child sex abuse

  1. 1. Educating to Reduce Child Sex Abuse IS THAT THE ANSWER?
  2. 2. Definition of CSA Child sexual abuse is a widespread problem that negatively impacts the victims, families, communities and society. Child sexual abuse described by Americanspcc.org is, “A type of maltreatment, violation, and exploitation that refers to the involvement of the child in sexual activity to provide sexual gratification or financial benefit to the perpetrator.” “It includes contact for sexual purposes, molestation, statutory rape, prostitution, pornography, exposure, incest, or other sexually exploitative activities,” (Americanspcc.org).
  3. 3. Child Sexual Abuse Statistics  Over 58000 children were sexually abused last year.  One in four girls and one in six boys will be sexually abused before they turn eighteen years old.  8.3% of reported child abuse cases were sexual.  34% of people who sexually abuse a child are family members.  12.3% of girls were age ten or younger at the time of their first rape/victimization, and 30% of girls were between the ages of eleven and seventeen.  96% of people who sexually abuse children are male, and 76.8% of people who sexually abuse children are adults.  325,000 children are at risk of becoming victims of commercial child sexual exploitation each year.  Caregiver Alcohol or drug abuse is a child abuse risk factor putting kids at much greater risk for being abused.  The average age at which girls first become victims of prostitution is twelve to fourteen years old, and the average age for boys is eleven to thirteen years old.  In 2016 1045 cases of Child Sex Abuse were reported in Oregon to the Department of Social Health Services. -https://americanspcc.org/child-sexual-abuse/
  4. 4. “Erin’s Law”  Erin’s law was adopted by 31 states out of 50 including Oregon. Oregon adopted the law in 2015. In 2015 President Obama signed the federal version of Erin’s law providing federal funding for schools to use, however release of those funds are still pending.  Erin’s law requires that each school in the state implement a prevention-oriented child sexual abuse program that teaches prek-12th grade age appropriate techniques to recognize child sexual abuse and tell a trusted adult, school personnel all about child sexual abuse and parents and guardians the warning signs of child sexual abuse, plus needed assistance, referral or resource information to support sexually abused children and their families.  For more information on Erin’s law please visit http://www.erinmerryn.net/
  5. 5. Columbia County, Oregon  In Columbia County 9 schools were contacted to identify if they included an age appropriate curriculum around child sex abuse in their educational program.  3 out of the 9 responded.  1 out of the three of 9 reported no current curriculum being included, noting they sent a proposal for the curriculum “Safer Smarter Kids” to the school district and have received no response. This school reported some of their staff having gone through the curriculum “Darkness to Light,” which was taught by the Amani Center. 1 of the 2 remaining respondents reported using a curriculum called “Child Protection” in grades kindergarten-6th and the 3rd one redirected the call to the district noting no current curriculum that they are aware of being used at this time.
  6. 6. What If We Could Decrease our own States Rates of Child Sex Abuse by Implementing the same Actions as Vermont? In Vermont a pilot study was done after they saw a 900% increase in the number of cases. Advocates joined together with the support of their governor, to establish a working group and through collaboration wrote the “Integrated Action Plan for an Abuse Free State.” The Action plan called for Vermont to target Individuals, Families and Communities.
  7. 7. Individuals, Families and Communities  It starts with early childhood using early childhood educating programs like:  Training Teachers and Staff in educational settings with the program “Darkness to Light.” - https://www.d2l.org/education/  Incorporating age appropriate curriculum pre-k to 8th grade with programs like, “Safer/Smarter Kids, Wee Care, Care for Kids, Safe-Teens and Personal Body Safety.” There are different programs and the school should research which one is best for them.  In addition, including community outreach programs like, “Outreach to individuals who are registered sex offenders and offering counseling and support, having family resource centers, including Adult-directed prevention programs such as “Darkness to light” and “The Enough Abuse Campaign.” –www.EnoughAbuse.org  Including accurate information around sexuality such as anatomy, physiology, the sexual response cycle and relationship building.
  8. 8. Promoting Protective Factors Individuals  WWW.NCTSN.ORG notes protective factors as:  Children and their parents learning basic language and skills around age appropriate body awareness.  Teens gaining social emotional intellect and empathy such as body positivity, assertive skills and knowledge and awareness.  Adults gaining knowledge on what to look for in kids who are or have been possibly suffering from CSA such as through resources like “Stopitnow.” - http://www.stopitnow.org/ohc-content/tip-sheet-19  Offering “A preventative approach to recruit self-identified pedophilic and hebephilic men to participate in a research and treatment projects such as Germany’s Project Dunkelfeld,” (https://learn.nctsn.org/course/view.php?id=444). This program offers a free confidential treatment center. -https://www.dont-offend.org/
  9. 9. Promoting Protective Factors Families  Articulate Family Norms/shared values such as (Language about body parts, age child will bathe themselves, rules around children sleeping in your bed, choices for kids around hugging/kissing relatives, children’s natural curiosity around body self exploration, parental changes in physical expressions of affection per life stage, parental reaction to child self stimulation (masturbation) and ways to support a balanced perspective of your children’s sense based enjoyment (taste, touch smell & hear) by discussing possible dangers and healthy sexuality.  Creating family safety rules (When visiting others, traveling and when alone with an adult) as well as how to debrief with their children afterwards.  Learning how to choose safe care providers.  Understanding the role and issues of kid on kid abuse. - https://learn.nctsn.org/course/view.php?id=444
  10. 10. Promoting Protective Factors Communities  Communities having access to background checks.  Sexuality education that is in line with National Sexuality Education Standards. -www.futureofsexed.org/nationalstandards.html and http://www.futureofsexed.org/documents/josh-fose-standards-web.pdf  Offering community resources that includes family engagement in early identification and places to for families to go for services. (Amani Center, Columbia Community Mental Health, GOBHI, DHS, Options, Maple Star, Head Start, Healthy Families, Parent Education and Support, CASA, etc.)
  11. 11. Vermont’s results after Implementation The number of founded child sexual abuses declined by half within 23 years. The number of juvenile perpetrators declined from 260-120.
  12. 12. So what if we can decrease those numbers even more?  By adding the questions around sexual assault and child sex abuse into our weekly questions along with the PHQ-9.  By having parent psycho-education groups around risks and protective factors, age appropriate knowledge around sexuality, and identifying and creating family rules and safety plans.  By collaborating with the Primary Care Physicians in the community to include those questions regularly in their appointments with children and their caretakers.  By adding brochures about child sexual abuse and helpline numbers in our lobbies (Creekside, Child haven and GOBHI) formatted for children and their families as well as offenders.  By creating a work group of professionals and advocates in the community to share ideas, knowledge and resources on how to educate and safeguard our children.  By contacting Amani Center and Columbia County School Districts and identifying barriers of Erin’s law implementation.
  13. 13. Resources & References  https://americanspcc.org/child-sexual-abuse/  -http://www.nworheadstart.org/parenting.html  http://www.nctsn.org/  https://learn.nctsn.org/mod/nctsnwebinar/view.php?id=11228  http://www.futureofsexed.org/documents/josh-fose-standards-web.pdf  https://www.dont-offend.org/  https://www.nsvrc.org/projects/child-sexual-assault-prevention/preventing-child-sexual-abuse- resources#Education%20Training%20Materials  http://www.erinmerryn.net/  http://www.stopitnow.org/ohc-content/tip-sheet-19  https://www.d2l.org/education/  www.EnoughAbuse.org  http://www.king5.com/news/investigations/selling-girls/unshackled-a-prostitutes-journey-to- freedom/469801895
  14. 14. Quote “I cannot say whether things will get better if we change; what I can say is they must change if they are to get better,” – Georg C. Lichtenberg. https://www.inc.com/david-van-rooy/33-awesome-quotes-to-inspire-positive- change.html