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Résultats de la campagne agropastorale 2020-21 et situation des marchés régionaux

Résultats définitifs de la campagne agropastorale 2020-21
et situation des marchés régionaux M. SY MARTIAL TRAORÉ, CILSS

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Résultats de la campagne agropastorale 2020-21 et situation des marchés régionaux

  1. 1. RPCA, April 2021 RESTRICTED MEETING 2020/2021 season final figures and the regional market situation by Sy Martial, TRAORE, CILSS
  2. 2. Plan • Background • 2020/2021 final cereal production figures • Final cereal food balance for 2020/2021 • 2020/2021 roots and tubers final production figures • 2020/2021 leguminous final production figures • Pastoral situation • Regional nutrition situation • Regional markets situation • Recommendations
  3. 3. Background • The production figures for all the countries and all the main crops have been presented and validated during the regional PREGEC meeting, 1st April 2021 Excepted : Cabo Verde • Representing from all countries have taken part of the regional PREGEC meeting ; • 9 Countries have really conducted crop assessment by sample survey : Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Togo, Senegal, Chad; • 7 Countries have made an estimation based on season monitoring and historical data : Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Bissau Guinea, Guinea; Ghana; Mauritania, Sierra Leone • Forage balance sheet improvement but only : Burkina, Mauritania, Niger, Chad • Weaknesses : Ex post, cereal balance and Food balance sheets
  4. 4. 2021/2020 Final cereal production figures 74.3 million mT, increased by 0,6% vs last year and 9% vs average 5years
  5. 5. 2020/2021 final cereal production figures Situation per cereal Crops 2020/2021 Var19/20 Var Avg 5yrs Maize 26 568 325 -0,5% 14% Rice 20 790 697 -2,6% 3,48% Sorghum 14 828 526 4,1% 10% Millet 10 818 000 5,6% 6% Fonio/Acha 665 811 -6,7% -1% Wheat-Barley 111 035 39,3% -83% Total 74 320 590 0,6% 8,6%
  6. 6. 2020/2021 final cereal production figures Production per Countries and zones Pays Productions Vs 2019/2020 Var Avg 5yrs Burkina Faso 5 179 103 4,8% 12,9% Cap Vert* 3 500 Gambie 123 942 30,3% -13,9% Guinée Bissau 257 504 7,5% 16,2% Mali 10 351 895 -1,0% 10,6% Mauritanie 478 584 11,7% 33,2% Niger 5 772 729 9,0% 1,4% Sénégal 3 640 545 31,5% 46,2% Tchad 2 882 526 -1,5% 3,0% SAHEL 28 690 328 5,7% 11,8%
  7. 7. 2020/2021 final cereal production figures Production per countries and zones Pays Productions Vs 2019/2020 Var Avg 5yrs Bénin 2 152 763 -0,6% 9,8% Côte d'Ivoire 2 891 353 -8,1% -10,5% Guinée 4 008 358 -8,8% 3,8% Ghana 4 636 371 5,0% 39,9% Liberia 269 787 -2,4% 0,2% Nigeria 29 214 560 -2,3% 6,0% Sierra Leone 1 102 562 2,5% -14,7% Togo 1 355 508 -1,2% 8,5% Pays Côtiers 45 631 262 -2,4% 6,8%
  8. 8. 2020/2021 final cereal production figures Production per countries and zones Zones Productions Vs 2019/2020 Var Avg 5yrs Zone UEMOA 31 482 713 3,6% 9,3% Zone ECOWAS 70 841 793 0,4% 8,5% CILSS 38 979 623 2,0% 8,3% Eastern basin 40 022 579 -0,6% 5,3% Central basin 24 295 543 -0,1% 11,7% Western basin 9 884 782 6,5% 14,4%
  9. 9. 2020/2021 final cereal production figures Cereal production per head Countries 2020/2021 (kg/head/year) Var 2019/2020 (%) Var 5 ys Average (%) Burkina Faso 229 -5% -6% Cap Vert* 1 -1% -85% Gambie 49 29% -47% Guinée Bissau 123 4% 4% Mali 505 -1% 32% Mauritanie 112 -1% -44% Niger 235 2% 21% Sénégal 204 19% 55% Tchad 173 -4% -7% SAHEL 259 1% 6%
  10. 10. 2020/2021 final cereal production figures Cereal production per head Countries 2020/2021 (kg/head/year) Var 2019/2020 (%) Var 5 ys Average (%) Bénin 171 -4% 6% Côte d'Ivoire 108 -9% -15% Guinée 322 -5% 2% Ghana 145 -6% 29% Liberia 52 -18% -54% Nigeria 139 -1% 23% Sierra Léone 137 2% -17% Togo 173 -5% -5% Costal Countries 145 -3% -2% ALL Zone 175 -1% 1%
  11. 11. Regional Cereal balance Sheet reviewed (2020/2021)
  12. 12. Regional Cereal balance Sheet
  13. 13. Roots and Tubers production final figure (2020/2021) Crops Production Million mT Var. 2019/2021 (%) Var. Average 5yrs (%) Cassava 100 097 770 3,5% 11,4% Yam 77 008 720 6,2% 18,9% Sweet potato 5 870 721 5,1% 10,9% Irish potato 2 175 336 12,4% 29,2% Coco yam 9 730 715 0,6% 5,3% Total 194 883 262 3,8% 11,6% 194 838 483T; 3.7% VS 2019/2020 et 11.6% vs Ag5ys
  14. 14. Leguminous and oil seeds final production figure (2020/2021) Crops Production Million mT Var. 2019/2020 (%) Var. Average 5yrs (%) Ground nut 10 897 440 6,1% 20,4% Cowpea 8 716 802 4,9% 12,2% Sesame 1 339 033 3,6% 28,5% Cotton 2 578 636 -7,9% -7,2% Soya bean 1 750 335 15,7% 13,9% Bambara nut 236 689 19,8% 41,3% Total 28 940 315 18,7% 38,0%
  15. 15. Other productions Crop Production Var. 2019/2020 (%) Var. Average 5yrs (%) Cacao 3 385 964 -4% 4% Coffee 318 562 3% 21% Rubber 1 136 771 5% 40% Cashew nut 1 742 892 21% 29% Palm Oil 5 157 703 9% 9% Plantain 14 154 173 45% 124%
  16. 16. Pastoral situation • Fodder resources good overall except in many areas in Mali and Burkina, but bush fires are particularly intense in Senegal and Mali; • Animal body condition is generally satisfactory to average except in Mali (fair to poor) • The Security situation remains worrying in several regions of Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, with targeted attacks, especially at the Mali • Early and massive transhumance departures reported in Mauritania leading to high concentrations in southern Senegal and Mauritania; • The animal health situation is relatively calm in the region (Mauritania, PPR, botulism, etc) Sahel region continues to benefit from positive 2020 rainy season
  17. 17. Nutritional situation Acute malnutrition remains a concern in several areas in the Sahel countries and worse in areas exacerbated by security issues. The situation is not good for children and pregnant and lactating women among IDPs. The prevalence of SAM remains at very high levels (>2%) even if it is stable at the national level, but very disparate across the country. The prevalence of acute malnutrition is likely to be higher during the lean season. Many aggravating factors: • The food situation is deteriorating according to the CH results in many areas affected by civil insecurity; • The impact of IDPs; • Poor access to adequate food and energy in the Sahel • Feeding practices for children under 5 are not optimal. • Access to basic social services remains low and disrupted by civil insecurity; • Access to drinking water, hygiene and sanitation services remains low;
  18. 18. Regional markets situations
  19. 19. Regional markets situations -.5 0 .5 1 1.5 2 Maize Millet Sorghum Local rice Imported rice Cereal price Overall increase in cereal prices (18 : 24%), increase vs November Commodities Maize Millet Sorghum Local Rice Imported Rice November 20 10:14% 15:20% 11:16% 12:22% 13-18% September 20 9:15% 16:22% 9:15% 13:23% 11-17% June 20 2:7% -1:4% -2:4% 8-17% 11-18% 18:25% 19:27% 14:20% 15:23% 12-17%
  20. 20. Regional markets situations Composite prices of cereals Average per country Cereals prices changes vs 5 years averages
  21. 21. Regional markets situations others crop products prices variations (vs 5year average) 31% 36% 36% 30% 11% 8% 60 58 41 32 56 35 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Yam Cassava Gari S Potato Potato Irish Plantain Prices Changes Markets
  22. 22. Regional markets situations Livestock prices variations : Jan - Feb vs average 5years -0.04 5% 30% -36% -5% 69% -16% 1% 10% 22% 55% 15% -10% 16% -32% 15% 36% 1% 10% 80% 7% -60% 9% -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Cattle Sheep Goat Camel
  23. 23. Regional markets situations Term of Trade Term of Trade : Over all is unfavorable accros the region 0% -6% -38% -17% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% Burkina Mali Niger Tchad Goat /Cereal
  24. 24. Recommendations To Countries: Quickly launch calls for tender for institutional purchases to reconstitute national stocks in time to avoid impacting on the functioning of markets; Improve security on the main supply routes and markets to ensure the smooth flow of trade and facilitate the movement of people and goods; Facilitate access to credit for cereal and livestock wholesalers to finance their activities; Continue the fight against the collection of illicit taxes on the roads which contribute to increasing the prices of foodstuffs and livestock on the markets; Ensure the availability of livestock feed at affordable costs in pastoral areas where access to grazing areas is made difficult by insecurity and in the western Sahel.;
  25. 25. Recommendations To CILSS and partners: • Work to reduce considerably the number of harassment • Advocate for the official opening of borders between countries in the region • Clearly specify the conditions of mobility of traders between countries • Take appropriate measures to guarantee minimum prices for cash crops To improve the situationnal status • Strengthen and expand social protection programmes to the poorest and most affected households in the Hotspot zones; • Strengthen the nutrition surveillance system to generate evidence and guide emergency preparedness and response.
  26. 26. Many thanks for your attention!

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