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Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in India

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Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in India

Publicada em: Governo e ONGs

Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in India

  1. 1. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) In India
  2. 2. Introduction to NGO A Non Governmental Organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which is legally constituted, organized and operated on a local, national or international level. They are Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest Some are organized around specific issues: → Human rights → Environment → Health → Poverty eradication → Rehabilitation → Employment Principles Altruism Voluntarism
  3. 3. NGOs Classification By the level of Orientation Charitable Orientation Service Orientation Participatory Orientation Empowering Orientation By the level of Operation Community Based Organizations City Wide Organizations National NGOs International NGOs
  4. 4. NGOs involved in Entrepreneurship Development NGOs Grassroot Intermediate Primary Some of the additional terms used: 1. BINGO : Business-friendly International NGO 2. TANGO : Technical assistance NGO 3. TSO : Third Sector Organization 4. DONGO : Donor organized NGO 5. GSO : Grassroots Support Organization
  5. 5. Features of NGOs  Support democratic system  Function on no profit basis  Non Political in character  Clearly defined objectives  Limited external control  Voluntary Character  Wide operational area  Positive contribution  Need financial support  Interest in long-term projects
  6. 6. Activities of NGOs  Create awareness  Protect human rights  Encourage rehabilitation  Gainful employment  Combat man made crisis  Protect environment
  7. 7. Functions of NGOs with respect to Entrepreneurial Scenario 1. Entrepreneurial Development Programme (EDP) 2. Counseling 3. Development of Infrastructure 4. Construction of Housing Facility 5. Supporting Innovation and Pilot Projects 6. Providing Technical Assistance
  8. 8. Advantages of NGOs → Ability to experiment freely → Flexible in adapting to local needs → Enjoy Good rapport with people → Ability to communicate at all levels → Ability to recruit experts and highly motivated staff → Less restrictions from the Government
  9. 9. Disadvantages of NGOs  Lack of funds  Lack of dedicated leadership  Inadequate trained personnel  Misuse of Funds  Monopolization of leadership  Lack of public participation  Centralization in Urban Areas  Lack of Coordination
  10. 10. Responsibilities of NGOs  Act as a change agent  Environment  Safeguarding Human Rights  Representatives of weaker sections
  11. 11. Challenges to NGOs  Need for honest and dedicated persons.  Need for transparency to create confidence.  A proper personnel policy  Protect the interest of the people rather than members  Transparent and easy to operate mechanism.
  12. 12. WASME It stands for World Association for Small and Medium Enterprises (WASME) Type: Primary Level NGO Established in 1980 Headquartered in Noida, India Objectives of WASME:  Developing relationship between SMEs in developed and developing countries.  Networking with related/similar organizations.  Enlarging collaboration with UN agencies and international organizations.  Capacity building of SMEs through managerial and skill development programmes.  Disseminating information on and about international developments in SME sector.  Carrying out research and studies on topical issues confronting SMEs.
  13. 13. AWAKE It stands for Association of Women Entrepreneurs of Karnataka Type: Intermediate NGO Established in 1983 Headquartered in Bangalore, Karnataka, India Strives to promote entrepreneurship among women as a means to achieve self reliance and socio-economic independence. AWAKE aims to:  To promote entrepreneurship among women and thereby empower them to join the economic mainstream  To enhance the status of women in the society, by creating a culture of entrepreneurship amongst women in both rural and urban areas  To develop successful models of entrepreneurship for emulation world-wide
  14. 14. OXFAM (India) It stands for Oxford Committee for Famine Relief India Type: Primary Level NGO Operating in India since 1951 A member of a global confederation of 17 Oxfams. They fight poverty and injustice by linking grassroots programming (through partner NGOs) to local, national and global advocacy and policy-making Oxfam India works in partnership with over 130 grassroots NGOs to address root causes of poverty and injustice in the four areas of o Economic Justice, o Essential Services, o Gender Justice and o Humanitarian Response and o Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).
  15. 15. CRY It stands for Child Rights and You Type: Grass root level NGO Established in 1979 It was started by Rippan Kapur Non-profit organization in India that aims to restore children's rights in India. It focuses mainly on the 4 basic rights:  Survival,  Development,  Protection  Participation
  16. 16. SEWA It stands for Self Employed Women's Association Type: Intermediate NGO Headquartered in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India It is an organisation of poor, self-employed women workers who earn a living through their own labour or small businesses. SEWA’s area of concerns are:  Member’s Employment  Better Income  Food and Nutrition  Safety and Security  Housing  Literacy  Organizational Strength  Self Reliance Established in 1972

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