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Art1204 pop art

  1. 1. POP! GOES THE WORLD Professor Will Adams
  2. 2. POP ART “Once you ‘got’ pop, you could never see a sign the same way again. And once you thought pop, you could never see America the same way again.” - Andy Warhol
  3. 3. WHAT IS POP ART? §  A major art movement from the mid 1950’s in England and by the early 1960’s was at it’s fullest potential in new York. §  Themes and techniques were drawn from popular culture (hence “pop” art): §  Advertising & mass media §  Comic strips §  Celebrity photographs §  Consumer product packaging §  Everyday objects
  4. 4. WHAT IS POP ART? §  Pop art aims to target a large audience, but is often academic and difficult for some people to understand. §  The epic, or story, in art was replaced with the everyday and the mass- produced was awarded the same significance as the unique. The division between “high art” and “low art” was decreasing.
  5. 5. WHAT IS POP ART? §  “The term Pop Art was first used by the English critic Lawrence Alloway in a 1958 issue of Architectural Digest to describe those paintings that celebrate post-war consumerism, defy the psychology of Abstract Expressionism, and worship the god of materialism.” - Nicolas Pioch
  6. 6. THE NATURE OF POP §  Pop Art was an art movement in the late 1950’s and 1960’s that reflected everyday life and common objects. §  Pop artists blurred the line between fine art and commercial art.Brillo Soap Pads Box, 1964, © AWF
  7. 7. Three Coke Bottles, 1962, © AWF §  “Pop Artists did images that anybody walking down the street could recognize in a split second…all the great modern things that the Abstract Expressionists tried so hard not to notice at all.” —Gretchen Berg THE NATURE OF POP
  8. 8. THE NATURE OF POP §  The Pop artists moved away from Abstract Expressionism, which was the “in” style of art in the 1950’s. §  The Abstract Expressionists evoked emotions, feelings and ideas through formal elements such as: §  Line §  Color §  Shape §  Form §  Texture Jackson Pollock, Number 4, 1950 ©ARS
  9. 9. THE NATURE OF POP §  Pop Artists used common images from everyday culture as their sources, including: §  Advertisements §  Consumer goods §  Celebrities §  Photographs §  Comic strips Roy Lichtenstein, Masterpiece, 1962
  10. 10. THE NATURE OF POP Robert Rauschenberg, Retroactive II, 1963 §  Pop Artists reflected 1960’s culture by using new materials in their artworks including: §  Acrylic Paints §  Plastics §  Photographs §  Fluorescent and §  Metallic colors
  11. 11. THE NATURE OF POP §  Pop Artists used bold, flat colors and hard edge compositions adopted from commercial designs like those found in: §  Billboards §  Murals §  Magazines §  Newspapers Campbell's Soup II, 1969, © AWF
  12. 12. THE NATURE OF POP Claes Oldenburg, Floor Burger 1962, © Claes Oldenburg §  As well as new technologies and methods, like: §  Mass production §  Fabrication §  Photography §  Printing §  Serials
  13. 13. THE NATURE OF POP §  Pop art was appealing to many viewers, while others felt it made fun of common people and their lives. §  It was hard for some people to understand why Pop Artists were painting cheap, everyday objects, when the function of art historically was to uphold and represent culture’s most valuable ideals.Listerine Bottle, 1963, © AWF
  14. 14. ANDY WARHOL
  15. 15. ANDY WARHOL §  Andy Warhol was one of the most famous Pop Artists. §  Part of his artistic practice was using new technologies and new ways of making art including: §  Photographic Silk-Screening §  Repetition §  Mass production §  Collaboration §  Media eventsAndy Warhol, Brillo Boxes Installation
  16. 16. ANDY WARHOL §  Andy Warhol (1928-1987) was one of the most influential American artists of the 20th century. §  He drew on images such as comic books, soup cans, movie stars and the media to challenge the "highbrow" views of fine art. §  In addition to being an artist, Warhol was a filmmaker, painter, collector, music producer, commercial designer and illustrator, author, magazine publisher, and fashion model.
  17. 17. ANDY WARHOL §  Andy Warhol often appropriated (used without permission) images from magazines, newspapers, and press photos of the most popular people of his time Silver Liz [Ferus Type], 1963, © AWF
  18. 18. ANDY WARHOL §  Warhol used the repetition of the images of tragic media events to critique and reframe cultural ideas through his art Jackie Paintings, 1964, © AWF
  19. 19. ANDY WARHOL Knives, 1981, © AWF What makes one work of art better than another? Brillo Soap Pads Box, 1964, © AWF Warhol took common everyday items and gave them importance as “art” He raised questions about the nature of art:
  20. 20. Andy Warhol, Marilyn, 1967
  21. 21. Andy Warhol, Group of Five Campbell's Soup Cans, 1962
  22. 22. Andy Warhol, Brillo Boxes, 1969; Painted wooden sculptures
  23. 23. Andy Warhol, Brillo Soap Pads (And Four Others), 1964
  24. 24. QUOTABLE WARHOL §  “Everybody will be famous for 15 minutes.” §  “I’d asked around 10 or 15 people for suggestions. Finally one lady friend asked the right question, ‘Well, what do you love most?’ That’s how I started painting money.” §  “I’ve decided something: Commercial things really do stink. As soon as it becomes commercials for a mass market it really stinks.” §  “When I got my first television set, I stopped caring so much about having close relationships.”
  26. 26. Roy Lichtenstein, In the Car, 1963
  27. 27. Roy Lichtenstein, M-Maybe ( A Girl’s Picture), 1965
  28. 28. Roy Lichtenstein, The Kiss, 1964
  29. 29. Roy Lichtenstein, Whaam!, 1963
  30. 30. Roy Lichtenstein, Drowning Girl, 1963
  32. 32. DAVID HOCKNEY §  Born in 1937, Hockney is the best-known British artist of his generation. §  He has often been regarded as a playboy of the art world. §  He has had lascivious relationships, & run among strange and crazy artistic circles. §  Yet, he has always retained his constant and tireless devotion to his work.
  33. 33. David Hockney, A Bigger Splash, 1967
  34. 34. David Hockney, Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two Figures), 1971
  35. 35. David Hockney, Day Pool with 3 Blues, 1978
  36. 36. David Hockney, Portrait of Nick Wilder, 1966
  37. 37. FRANK STELLA
  38. 38. FRANK STELLA §  Printmaker and painter Frank Stella was born in 1936 in Massachusetts. He attended Princeton University and majored in history. §  Stella soon found himself influenced by figures the likes of Franz Kline and Jackson Pollock while in school, and visits to the art galleries of New York subtly shaped Stella’s techniques.
  39. 39. Frank Stella, Grey Scramble, 1968
  40. 40. Frank Stella, Sacramento No. 6, 1978
  41. 41. JASPER JOHNS
  42. 42. JASPER JOHNS §  The American Abstract Expressionist-Pop painter is best known for his painting Flag (1954-55), painted he had a dream of the American flag. §  His work is often described as Neo-Dadaist, though his subject matter includes images & objects from pop culture, leading many to classify him as a pop artist
  43. 43. Jasper Johns, 3 Flags, 1958
  44. 44. Jasper Johns, Two Flags (In 6 Parts), 1973
  45. 45. THE LEGACY OF POP §  Pop artists stretched the definitions of what art could be and how it could be made. §  “The Pop idea, after all, was that anybody could do anything, so naturally we were all trying to do it all.” - Andy Warhol §  The art world today reflects many of the ideas, methods, and materials pioneered by the Pop Art movement.
  46. 46. §  In Untitled, 1991, Barbara Kruger uses the iconography of the American flag and hard edge graphics to pose a series of provocative questions about American cultural values. THE LEGACY OF POP
  47. 47. THE LEGACY OF POP §  With Rabbit, 1986, artist Jeff Koons cast a mass- produced inflatable Easter bunny in highly polished stainless steel. §  The sculpture became iconic of art in the 1980’s.
  48. 48. ENDANGERED SPECIES SERIES §  Andy Warhol created a series of ten color screen- prints that portrayed endangered animals from around the world: Siberian tiger, San Francisco silverspot, orangutan, Grevy's zebra, black rhinoceros, bighorn ram, African elephant, pine barrens tree frog, giant panda and bald eagle. §  He used brilliant colors - characteristic of his signature style - and expressions suggestive of the animal's fate. §  Look for the tension between art and reality.
  49. 49. ENDANGERED SPECIES SERIES §  The images that Warhol created, and the publicity that they received in the media sparked a conversation about endangered species, and caused people to wonder: §  Why do animals, plants, flowers become endangered? §  How does this effect us? §  What can we do about it?
  50. 50. THE END