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Sericulture

Introduction
Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of silk.
Species of silkworm
Mulberry silkworm
Tasar silkworm
Muga silkworm
Eri silkworm
Oak silkworm
Giant silkworm
History
Types of silk
Tasar
Eri
Mulberry
Muga
Life cycle
Advantages
Uses
Diseases
Pebrene
Grasserie
Flacherie
Muscardine
Production of silk India
Research Institutes
Artificial production
In vitro culture of embryo
Tissue culture media- Grace’s medium
Cell line production
Nutrition production

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Sericulture

  1. 1. R.Priyanka B.Sc Biochemistry & Biotechnology
  2. 2. Sericulture is the cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm. It is an agro based industry. It involves the raising of food plants for silkworm, rearing of silkworm for production of cocoons, reeling and spinning of cocoon for production of yarn etc. For value added benefits such as processing and weaving.
  3. 3. SILKWORM – Bombyx mori
  4. 4. a. Mulberry silkworm b. Tasar silkworm c. Muga silkworm d. Eri silkworm e. Oak silkworm f. Giant silkworm
  5. 5. This was taken as drowry by married princess during olg age in Tibet. Slowly it passed on to China and finally to India. Now India plays a major part in sericulture leading 2nd position for silk
  6. 6. CATERPILLAR
  7. 7. 1. TASAR – Old and Traditional silk ; Rural areas 2. ERI - Eastern parts of India 3. MULBERRY - Non traditional silk 4. MUGA – Golden yellow silk
  8. 8. MULBERRY LEAVES
  9. 9. COCOON
  10. 10. •High employment potential •Provides vibrancy to village economies •Low gestation and high returns •Women friendly occupation •Ideal program for weaker sections of society •Eco-friendly activity
  11. 11. HOUSE HOLD WORK
  12. 12. Mainly in textile industry for manufacturing garments Bags, telephone cable insulations, dyeing & screen printing
  13. 13. •Pebrene – caused by protozoan; larvae become pale yellow, size reduces & no yield •Grasserie – skin of larvae rough & saliva becomes thick •Flacherie – indigestion occurs & worm becomes thin, inactive & regenerates •Muscardine –due to fungi; mortality occurs due to heavy rain & unhygienic
  14. 14. Leads 2nd position in world Exporting 1/7th of silk products to foreign countries Govt. of India constituted ‘Central Silk Board’ to protect interest of silk industry
  15. 15. Research institutes i. Central sericulture research institute, West Bengal ii. Sericulture research institute, Mysore
  16. 16.  In vitro culture of embryo  Tissue culture media- Grace’s medium  Cell line production  Nutrition production

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