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Neocolonialism

A PowerPoint that illustrates Neocolonialism in the modern world and it's various consequences

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Neocolonialism

  1. 1. NEOCOLONIALISM
  2. 2. THE DIVIDE: NKRUMAH’S MARXISM VERSUS’ OBADINA’S LIBERALISM KWAME NKRUMAH OF GHANA – THE ‘LENIN OF AFRICA’ PROFESSOR TUNDE OBADINA – CRITIQUE OF PANAFRICAN RADICALISM
  3. 3. NKRUMAH’S MARXIST HYPOTHESIS • FORMER COLONIES ARE STILL ECONOMICALLY AND HENCE POLITICALLY DIRECTED EXTERNALLY. • FORMER COLONIAL POWER CAN RULE VIA FORMER COLONY’S GOVERNMENT EITHER DIRECTLY (GARRISON) OR INDIRECTLY (BRIBERY) E.G FRANCE IN SAO TOME. • MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES CAN DO THIS AS WELL AS FORMER COLONIAL POWERS E.G. RIO TINTO MINING IN CONGO. • AS A RESULT MUCH OF THE FORMER COLONIES’ WEALTH IS EXPORTED AND ONLY A SMALL ELITE PROFT FROM IT.
  4. 4. OBADINA’S CRITIQUE OF NKRUMAH • HEIRARCHICAL NATURE OF TRADITIONAL AUTHORITY IN LEDC THE REAL REASON FOR POVERTY OF LEDCS, WOULD HAVE HAPPENED WITHOUT COLONIALISATION. • COLONIALISATION MADE THIS WORSE HOWEVER BECAUSE THEY LEFT COLONIES AS DEPENDENT SUPPLIERS WITH LIMTED INFRASTRUCTURE. • CRUCIALLY UNTIL POSTWAR GLOBALISATION LEDC POPULATIONS HAD NO CONCEPT OF MATERIAL PROGRESS – ASPIRATION IS A DOUBLE EDGED SWORD THAT CREATES DEPENDENCE. • LEDC MISTAKE IS TO BELIEVE ONE CAN ENJOY BENEFITS OF ADVANCED ECONOMY WITHOUT MAKING POLTIICAL CHANGES SUCH AS DEMOCRACY.
  5. 5. WEALTH DIVIDE – THE CONSEQUENCE OF NEOCOLONIALISM? SANI ABACHA OF NIGERIA – THE CARTOON DICTATOR?
  6. 6. ASPIRATION OR EXPLOITATION?
  7. 7. CHINA – A NEW NEOCOLONIAL EXPLOITER? • CHINESE INVESTMENT, ESP IN AFRICA IN EXCHANGE FOR RESOURCES RAISES PROSPECT THAT DESPOTS WILL BE IMMUNE FROM FINANCIAL PRESSURE IN FUTURE EG. SUDAN. • THREAT MAY BE OVERESTIMATED – CHINA IS JUST ANOTHER COMPETITOR IN GLOBAL TRADE AND MOST INROADS IN AREAS WITH LEAST WESTERN TRADE EG CONGO. • MOREOVER OWING TO WESTERN MARKETS CHINA IS NOT IMMUNE TO HUMANITARIAN PRESSURE AND HAS BEGUN TO EXERT INDIRECT PRESSURE ON ITS NEW CLIENTS HENCE FORCED SUDAN TO ADMIT UN PEACEKEEPERS.

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