For the vast majority of history the progress of our species and civilisation was limited by a very few artisans - the workers of metal, wood, leather and cloth along with famers and distribution networks. Specifically, the number of skilled blacksmiths determined the rate of sword, knife, lance and armour production, and ultimately the size of empires. The turning point came in the eaten 1700s when the Royal Navy was expanding to explore and colonies the planer. Nails were the problem with more than 20k required per ship! So this was the first item to be mad automatically, followed by wooden blocks for the rigging. The water mills constructed to power the production therefore mark the start of Industry 1.0 and the growth of the British Empire. The spread of automation through Industry 2, 3 and 4 accelerated and empowered us to do more and more using less and less people, power and materials. Without it we could not support the population of the planet or the lifestyle we enjoy. Remarkably, at no time during this process have we seen mass unemployment, and consistently, more and more jobs have been created. In brief, better production capabilities have seen the creation of better tools, which in turn has led to better productivity and better quality. The process has been evident in everything hardware, and much of entertainment ,design, and software, with services perhaps the last bastion of human based delivery and support. However; the on-line world and rise of AI are now changing the balance across retail, banking, insurance, accountancy, and services in general.