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Conversation And Composition Through Unifying Strategies
D Y N A M I T E
THEME 1 CAREERS
Unifying Strategy: Introducing People
An Author 14
A photographer 18
A Biologist 22
A Game Designer 26
A. Making Connections to Your Experience
When you arrive in a new class or school, you meet new people. Often someone
asks you, “Can you tell us about yourself?”
In response, your eyes widen and you feel confusion rush in. You know who you
are and what you like to do, but sometimes introducing yourself to others is
difficult. You might think, “Where should I start?”
B. Introducing Myself and Others
When you meet new people, you need to tell them who you are. You may also
need to introduce your friends to others. Introducing someone is like any other
types of speaking and writing you’ve done in the past. The only difference is that
the subject is a person!
When you introduce people, look for points that help to describe them. If you are
introducing yourself, you should describe things about yourself that are interesting.
This will give your listeners a good impression of you.
C. Giving a Good Impression
When you talk about yourself or someone that you know, follow these basic rules.
(1) Provide central information. This information can include the person’s name,
age, where the person lives, and the person’s job.
(2) Provide background information. This can be a story about how the person
grew up and where the person came from.
(3) Share your personal beliefs. In an introduction, a person’s personal beliefs
can be shared. This can be information about experiences or feelings.
These three elements are great for introducing people. If you want to introduce
yourself or a friend to other people, remember to share your central information,
background information, and some personal beliefs. 30 to 60 seconds is about the
right amount of time for an introduction, but in some situations you can take a few
D. Applying the New Strategy
There are many times when you will have to introduce yourself, a family member,
or a friend. As long as you are meeting new people, you will get plenty of
opportunities. As you get older, you will have more stories to share and your self-
introductions will change.
This theme has four passages in which real people introduce themselves to
you. See how they share their central information, background information, and
The graphic organizer shows how Ryan’s self-introduction has included some central
information, some background information and some personal beliefs.
E. Using the Strategy in a Graphic Organizer
After reading the following passage, see how the graphic organizer is used.
My name is Ryan Brown. I am 34 years old, and I am a pilot
in the army. I fly a Blackhawk helicopter, and I usually move
people from one place to another. The passengers and I
talk to each other using a radio because it’s really loud in my
helicopter. In my job, I have to be really careful, but flying is
always fun. Looking from above, the world looks so small and
beautiful. It makes me forget the problems in my life.
When I was a kid, I always wanted to fly. I dreamed of being a
jet fighter pilot. When I first joined the army, I was an ordinary
soldier, and I didn’t think I would have the chance to become a
pilot. Later, I was given an opportunity, so I studied hard and attended flight school. I believe it
is important that people plan for their future.
*name is Ryan Brown
*34 years old
*helicopter pilot in the army
*when he was a kid, he wanted to fly
*he was an ordinary soldier before
*flying is fun and makes him happy
*he thinks that people must plan for their future
A. Expanding Background
Answer the questions below. Gather and share your opinions.
1. What is an artist? Is there an artist that you like? Who is it?
B. Connecting Words
Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the box.
2. What is an author? Who is your favorite author?
1. My grandfather had a very interesting ________________________.
2. The dog _______________ the cat.
3. One day, I will ___________________a book about my adventures.
4. Jane loves to draw. One day she will be an _________________________.
5. I am going to be a comedian, so I can _______________________ people.
6. Is it _______________________for you to come to my house tomorrow?
illustrator career entertain publish chased possible
What do you think? What do you want to be when you grow up?
Making Books for Children
My name is Georgia Graham. I’m an author of children’s books. I’ve written
more than ten of them. I’m also an illustrator. That means that I draw the
pictures in the books too. Today my career is really great but it wasn’t always
When I was a child, my father gave me paper every day. He brought the
paper home from work, and I was always happy to get it. To me, paper was
my toy. I made drawings and wrote stories on it. My first drawings were
pictures of Bible stories. I went to sunday school at that time, and I wanted
to make pictures to entertain the other kids. When I got older, I went to art
school... I learned a lot there, but a career as an artist is not always easy...
For many years, my career was going nowhere. I wanted my books to be
published, but nobody wanted them. Sometimes, I wanted to throw in the
towel, but then my life changed. My books were published. Some people
really liked my art!
These days, I’m very busy. I make two books every year. Sometimes, I write
them. Other times, I only draw the pictures, but it is always fun.
As I get older, my career gets better, and I’m really happy
that I decided to chase my dream. These days, I go to
schools and meet thousands of students. I tell them
about my job. I like to tell them that being an
artist IS possible.
■go nowhere: to not be successful
■throw in the towel: to stop trying, to give up
■chase a dream: to try to get something that you really want
C. Checking Comprehension
Answer the following questions.
1. What is Georgia Graham’s job?
a. teacher b. actor and singer
c. author and illustrator d. publisher
2. What did Georgia’s father give her?
a. pencils b. paper
c. a towel d. a pet dog
3. What does Georgia like to tell students?
a. Being an artist is difficult. b. Being an entertainer is good.
c. Being an artist is possible. d. Being an artist is fun.
D. Using the Graphic Organizer
Read the passage again and look for the three elements.
Then, fill in the graphic organizer the way you were shown on the strategy page.
A. Expressing Ideas
Choose a question that you want to talk about. Also, create your own question for the class!
(Note, some of the strategies come from other themes.)
B. Jotting Down Information
Write the question you chose in the blank space below. As you are having a conversation with
the class, write down your ideas. When you hear good ideas from your classmates, write down
their ideas too.
C. Preparing to Write
Your ideas gathered from the discussion will help you write a paragraph.
Continue to the composition on page 2 of your workbook.
My ideas and supporting ideas My classmates’ ideas
Topic 1 An Author
Introduce yourself. Don’t
forget your personal beliefs!
Apply the theme’s unifying strategy Five Ws
Talk about an adult
you know who has a job.
What do they to?
What is your talent?
What can you do better
than other people?
What is your plan to
achieve your dream?