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Massachusetts colony presentation updated

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Massachusetts colony presentation updated

  1. 1. Massachusetts<br />Ali Mandile<br />Michael Carlson<br />
  2. 2. General Information<br />Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay <br />Became a State: February 6, 1788 <br />6th state to ratify the Constitution<br />Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe word means “large hill place”<br />Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord <br />
  3. 3. Climate & Geology<br />Colonists in the New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. <br />Cold winters reduced the spread of disease. <br />Land was flat close to the coastline but became hilly and mountainous farther inland. <br />Soil was generally rocky, making farming difficult. <br />
  4. 4. Economy <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) <br />New England's economy was largely dependent on the ocean.<br /> Fishing (especially codfish) was most important to the New England economy, though whaling, trapping, shipbuilding, and logging were important also. <br />Eventually, many New England shippers grew wealthy buying slaves from West Africa in return for rum, and selling the slaves to the West Indies in return for molasses. <br />This process was called the "triangular trade." <br />
  5. 5. Mass. Maps<br />Colonial Map<br />Current Map<br />
  6. 6. Colonial Mass. Flag<br />Roger Williams stated the cross was a symbol of the antichrist, so John Endicott, the Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, ordered the cross removed from the Colonial Red Ensign.<br /> The Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony found Endicott had "exceeded the lymits of his calling" and punished him by forbidding him to hold public office for one year. <br />Then they gave the citizens permission to do as they wanted with the flag design, and without exception, they all removed the crosses from their flags.<br />
  7. 7. Current Mass. State Flag<br />On a white field is a blue shield emblazoned with the image of a Native American, Massachusetts.<br /> He holds a bow in one hand and an arrow in the other. The arrow is pointing downward representing peace. <br />The white star represents Massachusetts as one of the original thirteen states. Around the shield is a blue ribbon with the motto: "By the Sword We Seek Peace, but Peace Only Under Liberty". <br />Above the shield is a arm and sword, representing the first part of the motto. Flag adopted 1915, amended 1971.<br />
  8. 8. Map of Massachusetts<br />Colonial Mass.<br />Current Mass.<br />
  9. 9. All Hail to Massachusetts<br />Words and Music by Arthur J. Marsh (1895-1966)<br />All hail to Massachusetts, the land of the free and the brave! <br />For Bunker Hill and Charlestown, and flag we love to wave: <br />For Lexington and Concord, and the shot heard 'round the world; All hail to Massachusetts, we'll keep her flag unfurled.<br />She stands upright for freedom's light that shines from sea to sea:<br /> All hail to Massachusetts! <br />Our country 'tis of thee! <br />All hail to grand old Bay State, the home of the bean and the cod! <br />Where Pilgrims found a landing and gave their thanks to God. <br />A land of opportunity in the good old U.S.A. <br />Where men live long and prosper, and people come to stay. <br />Don't sell her short, but learn to court her industry and stride: <br />All hail to grand old Bay State! <br />The land of Pilgrim's pride! <br />All hail to Massachusetts, renowned in the Hall of Fame!<br /> How proudly wave her banners emblazoned with her name!<br /> In unity and brotherhood, sons and daughters go hand in hand: <br />All hail to Massachusetts, there is no finer land! <br />It's M-A-S-S-A-C-H-U-S-E-T-T-S. <br />All hail to Massachusetts! All hail! All hail! All hail!<br />
  10. 10. Mayflower 1620<br /><ul><li>66 day voyage from Plymouth, England to Plymouth, MA
  11. 11. 102 passengers: PILGRIMS
  12. 12. 41 were Christian Puritans known as Leiden Group: left England seeking religious freedom
  13. 13. Plymouth was the second successful permanent English colony in North America</li></li></ul><li>The mayflower compact<br />November 21, 1620<br />Official constitution of the Plymouth Colony<br />First written framework of government in the United States<br />Established to prevent dissent between Puritans and Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower upon arrival<br />
  14. 14. Massachusetts bay colony<br /><ul><li>Founded by John Winthrop, Governor
  15. 15. Strict rules
  16. 16. “We shall be a city upon a hill”
  17. 17. Very religious: Puritan</li></li></ul><li>Boston massacre<br /><ul><li>March 5, 1770
  18. 18. A crowd in Boston threw snowballs at British soldiers
  19. 19. 5 people were shot
  20. 20. Propaganda was used by Bostonians to depict the British soldiers as opening fire on the crowd, when they may have been acting in self defense against an angry crowd
  21. 21. The fact that it was named a “massacre” when only 5 people died also shows the power of the media.</li></li></ul><li>How Did Boston get its name?<br />Like a great many towns in New England, Boston has its naming roots in old England. Boston, Massachusetts is named after Boston, Lincolnshire, and is situated about 100 miles north of London on the North Atlantic Sea. Massachusetts began life as the Massachusetts Bay Colony (Company) in 1629.<br />
  22. 22. Religion<br /><ul><li>Pilgrims came for religious freedom
  23. 23. Puritans came for religious purification</li></ul>Intolerant of other religions<br />Many religious groups banned from MA<br />Exiled religious dissenters such as Roger Williams and Joseph Hooker, who then founded other colonies<br />
  24. 24. Puritan life<br /><ul><li>Very strict rules
  25. 25. Town centered around the church
  26. 26. No celebrations of holidays/weddings
  27. 27. Heavy emphasis on reading the Bible, so education was important</li></li></ul><li>Social stability<br /><ul><li>Husbands and wives forced to live together to promote family stability
  28. 28. Risked losing children if they had inadequate education
  29. 29. Passed sumptuary laws to keep people in separate social classes
  30. 30. Illegal for the lower class to have silver buckles on their shoes, etc.
  31. 31. Those who broke the laws were subject to public ridicule and fines</li></li></ul><li>England Social Structure<br />
  32. 32. Colony Social Structure<br />Nobility really didn’t come over to Colonies<br />Were content with what they had <br />Day laborers & Servants <br />Restricted on coming to the Colonies because of lack of money<br />Social positions were mostly determine by ownership of land <br />
  33. 33. Colony Social Structure Cont.<br />The structure that evolved in colonial society differed from that of English society in three important respects. <br />First, the process of transplantation sheared off the top level of English society—the nobility.<br />Second, the composition of American classes was not the result of direct transplants from England. <br />Third, the parts of society were present in somewhat different proportions.<br />
  34. 34. Women within Colony<br />The male was the head of the house hold<br />Women did not have the vote and could not, in most cases, hold property. <br />Their opportunities were severely restricted.<br />Some practiced a trade, such as blacksmithing or printing, but almost none made a name in business.<br />Women were in great demand, not only as companions or to satisfy sexual appetites, but as partners in the enterprise of settlement.<br />
  35. 35. communication<br />-horseback messengers<br />-newspapers<br />-broadsides<br />-town criers.<br />-Freight was carried on pack horses or in clumsy two-wheeled carts drawn by horses or oxen. In winter, home-made sleds were used. <br />-By 1654 the 'Common Road' from Boston to Providence, R.I. was opened and later this was extended to New York City and called 'The Shore Road'. Then came the famous colonial highway the Boston Post Road between Boston and New York City." Today, U.S. Route 1 is still frequently called the Boston Post Road. Route 1 was the first interstate highway in the United States<br />
  36. 36. Postal service<br />The first post office was established in Massachusetts in 1639 in the home of Richard Fairbanks, which also served as a tavern.<br />It is believed that the tradition from England of dropping mail off at coffee houses and taverns was adopted by the earliest Bostonians.<br />'For preventing the miscarriage of letters; & it is ordered, that notice bee given that Richard Fairbanks his house in Boston is the place appointed for all letters which are brought from beyond the seas, or are to be sent thither, are to bee brought into; and hee is to take care that they bee delivered or sent according to their directions; and hee is allowed for every such letter 1 penny, & must answere all miscarriages through his owne neglect in this kind; provided, that no man shalbee compelled to bring his letters thither, except hee please.' "<br />
  37. 37. media<br /><ul><li>The first newspaper was started in 1704 called the “Boston News-Letter”
  38. 38. Originally appeared on a single page, front and back
  39. 39. John Campbell, a bookseller and postmaster was its first editor
  40. 40. At first, filled with news from England
  41. 41. Eventually included news from Boston and surrounding areas</li></li></ul><li>Works cited<br />http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101fa10/rajensen/Content_2.html<br />http://www.history.com/topics/mayflower-compact<br />http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1164.html<br />http://blackboard.quinnipiac.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_id=_2_1&url=%2fwebapps%2fblackboard%2fexecute%2flauncher%3ftype%3dCourse%26id%3d_67971_1%26url%3d<br />http://www.netstate.com/states/symb/song/ma_all_hail_to_ma.htm<br />http://www.bvtpublishing.com/files/BV08Chapter04.pdf<br />http://www.richmondancestry.org/colonial.shtml<br />http://www.celebrateboston.com/first/post-office.htm<br />http://www.bostonmassacre.net/facts-and-numbers.htm<br />