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Introduction to the United States and the 2008 Election
The United States - Introduction <ul><li>The United States of America was born on July 4 th , 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>There...
Geography – Key Terms <ul><li>The Appalachian Mountains in the east </li></ul><ul><li>The Rocky Mountains in the west </li...
Population <ul><li>The current population of the United States is over 300 million people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White peop...
The 2008 Presidential Election November 4 th , 2008
There are two main political parties in the United States <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul>
Democrats <ul><li>The oldest political party in the United states and one of the oldest in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Republicans <ul><li>The party started in 1854 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began as a political party against slavery </li></ul><...
Let’s meet the candidates <ul><li>John McCain and Sarah Palin represent the  Republican Party </li></ul>
John McCain <ul><li>A U.S. Senator from Arizona </li></ul><ul><li>A veteran of the Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>Lost the ...
The candidates (cont.) <ul><li>Barack Obama and Joe Biden represent the  Democratic Party </li></ul>
Barack Obama <ul><li>An Illinois Senator  </li></ul><ul><li>His father was from Kenya (Africa) and his mother was from Kan...
Vice-President Candidates <ul><li>Sarah Palin (Republican) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor of Alaska </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Let’s look at the election process <ul><li>People vote for Republican and Democratic candidates during the  Primary Electi...
Primary Elections <ul><li>These elections occur within the Party  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Democrats hold their own prima...
Convention <ul><li>At the convention, the candidates are officially announced </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul...
Presidential Campaign <ul><li>The candidates go around the country speaking to potential voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Debates...
November Elections <ul><li>During the November election we can see two types of votes </li></ul><ul><li>Popular vote – the...
The Electoral College <ul><li>Each states has a group of electors </li></ul><ul><li>The number of electors are based on th...
The Electoral College <ul><li>There are 538 “electors” in the Electoral College </li></ul><ul><li>The winning candidate mu...
Electoral votes by state
The states with the most electors <ul><li>California  (55) </li></ul><ul><li>Texas  (34) </li></ul><ul><li>New York  (31) ...
Inaugurated <ul><li>On January 20, the president enters office in a formal ceremony know as the inauguration.  </li></ul><...
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Lesson 10 Introduction To The United States And The 2008 Election

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Lesson 10 Introduction To The United States And The 2008 Election

  1. 1. Introduction to the United States and the 2008 Election
  2. 2. The United States - Introduction <ul><li>The United States of America was born on July 4 th , 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>There are 50 states and one Federal District (Washington, DC) </li></ul><ul><li>The 4 th largest country in the world (disputed) </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 rd largest population (after China and India) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography – Key Terms <ul><li>The Appalachian Mountains in the east </li></ul><ul><li>The Rocky Mountains in the west </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Plains between these two mountain systems </li></ul><ul><li>The Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Borders on the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean </li></ul>
  4. 4. Population <ul><li>The current population of the United States is over 300 million people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White people – 207 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanic or Latino – 45 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African American (Black) – 36 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian – 15 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many experts believe the population will be over 439 million by 2050 </li></ul>
  5. 5. The 2008 Presidential Election November 4 th , 2008
  6. 6. There are two main political parties in the United States <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul>
  7. 7. Democrats <ul><li>The oldest political party in the United states and one of the oldest in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded in 1828 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Liberalism – support heavier taxation and regulation of society with more state enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>The largest political party in the United States with 72 million voters </li></ul>
  8. 8. Republicans <ul><li>The party started in 1854 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began as a political party against slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>55 million registered voters </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative – believe in traditional values (church and family) and a strong military </li></ul><ul><li>In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican President </li></ul>
  9. 9. Let’s meet the candidates <ul><li>John McCain and Sarah Palin represent the Republican Party </li></ul>
  10. 10. John McCain <ul><li>A U.S. Senator from Arizona </li></ul><ul><li>A veteran of the Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>Lost the Republican nomination to George Bush in 2000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. The candidates (cont.) <ul><li>Barack Obama and Joe Biden represent the Democratic Party </li></ul>
  12. 12. Barack Obama <ul><li>An Illinois Senator </li></ul><ul><li>His father was from Kenya (Africa) and his mother was from Kansas </li></ul><ul><li>He graduated from Columbia University and Harvard Law School </li></ul><ul><li>He was the fifth African-American to be elected to the Senate </li></ul>
  13. 13. Vice-President Candidates <ul><li>Sarah Palin (Republican) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor of Alaska </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the youngest person elected as governor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joe Biden (Democrat) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senator from Delaware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failed in 1988 and 2008 to become the Democratic candidate for President </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Let’s look at the election process <ul><li>People vote for Republican and Democratic candidates during the Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates are chosen at a Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified voters cast their votes in November </li></ul><ul><li>If the candidate wins a state, he gets the Electoral Votes from that state </li></ul><ul><li>The candidate with the most electoral votes in nominated for President </li></ul>
  15. 15. Primary Elections <ul><li>These elections occur within the Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Democrats hold their own primary election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Republicans also hold a primary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primaries are usually held in the beginning of the election year </li></ul>
  16. 16. Convention <ul><li>At the convention, the candidates are officially announced </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At the Democratic National Convention, Barack Obama was named the candidate for President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the Republican National Convention, John McCain was named </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Presidential Campaign <ul><li>The candidates go around the country speaking to potential voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Debates are held on TV </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisements are run on TV, radio and newspapers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between September 28 th and October 4 th , McCain and Obama spent $28 million on TV ads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(192,000,000 RMB!) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. November Elections <ul><li>During the November election we can see two types of votes </li></ul><ul><li>Popular vote – the vote for the U.S. President by qualified voters (must be 18 years old and a U.S. citizen) </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral vote – the vote cast by the representatives of each state </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Electoral College <ul><li>Each states has a group of electors </li></ul><ul><li>The number of electors are based on the number of Senators (2) plus the number of Representatives (based on the population) </li></ul><ul><li>The candidate must receive over half of the electoral votes to become president </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Electoral College <ul><li>There are 538 “electors” in the Electoral College </li></ul><ul><li>The winning candidate must receive 270 of these votes to become president </li></ul><ul><li>I know this is a difficult idea to grasp, so let’s take a look at this map from the 2004 election </li></ul>
  21. 21. Electoral votes by state
  22. 22. The states with the most electors <ul><li>California (55) </li></ul><ul><li>Texas (34) </li></ul><ul><li>New York (31) </li></ul><ul><li>Florida (27) </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois (21) </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania (21) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Inaugurated <ul><li>On January 20, the president enters office in a formal ceremony know as the inauguration. </li></ul><ul><li>He takes the presidential oath: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.” </li></ul>

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