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logic_families

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logic_families

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logic_families

  1. 1. Digital ElectronicsDigital Electronics Logic Families TTL and CMOS
  2. 2. Logic Families CompetenciesLogic Families Competencies 61. Without references the student will state what the acronym TTL stands for with 100% accuracy. 62. Without references the student will state the voltage levels acceptable to a TTL input for a logic “0” and a logic “1” with 100% accuracy. 63. Without references the student will state what the acronym CMOS stands for with 100% accuracy. 64. Without references the student will state the voltage levels acceptable to a CMOS input for a logic “0” and a logic “1” with 100% accuracy. 65. Without references, the student will list three differences between the TTL and CMOS logic families with 100% accuracy. 66. Without references the student will state what the acronym ECL stands for with 100% accuracy.
  3. 3. Logic Families VocabularyLogic Families Vocabulary TTL (Transistor Transistor Logic) Integrated-circuit technology that uses the bipolar transistor as the principal circuit element. CMOS (Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) Integrated-circuit technology that uses the field-effect transistor as the principal circuit element. ECL (Emitter Coupled Logic) Integrated-circuit technology that uses the bipolar transistors configured as a differential amplifier. This eliminates saturation and improves speed but uses more power than other families.
  4. 4. DIODE TRANSISTOR LOGICDIODE TRANSISTOR LOGIC Y What logicfunctionisthiscircuit? 11 01 10 00 YAA FILL IN THE TRUTH TABLE DIODE TRANSISTOR LOGIC B A 0V 0V +V 5V DIODE DIODE MMBT3904 1k 1k
  5. 5. LOGIC LEVELS / NOISE MARGIN • Voltage characteristic - defines logical 0 (LOW) or logical 1 (HIGH) • Noise immunity (noise margin)- logic circuit’s insensitivity or resistance to undesired voltages called “noise.” Input Output 2.0 - 5.5V LOW GND - 0.8V HIGH 2.4 - 5.5V (3.5V typical) GND - 0.4V (0.1V typical) TTL Voltage Profiles Chart
  6. 6. 0% 10% 60% 50% 80% 70% 40% 30% 20% 100% 90% HIGH LOW HIGH LOW TTL CMOS LOW 0 to +3V for CMOS 0 to +0.8V in TTL Input Voltage Profiles INPUT VOLTAGE PROFILES- TTL AND 4000 SERIES CMOS Undefined +3 to +7V for CMOS +0.8V to +2.0V for TTL Undefined logic probe reading may vary depending on manufacturer HIGH +7V to +10V - CMOS +2V to +5V - TTL CAUTION Output V profile differs Other families V profile differs +5V +10V GND
  7. 7. H Low +5V +2V +0.8V GND INPUT H Low +5V +2.4V +0.4V GND OUTPUT ? ? Input = +4V Output = ? ?HIGH Input = +0.3V Output = ? LOW Input = +1.2V Output = ? ?Undefined Input = +2.2V Output = ? ?HIGH TTL Voltage Profiles (Left mouse click for questions and answers) TEST
  8. 8. OTHER DIGITAL IC SPECIFICATIONS • Drive Capabilities- sometimes referred to as fan-in or fan-out. • Fan out- number of inputs of a logic family that can be driven by a single output. The drive capability of outputs. • Fan in- the load an input places on an output. • Propagation delay- has to do with the “speed” of the logic element. Lower propagation delays mean higher speed which is a desirable characteristic. • Power Dissipation- generally, as propagation delays decrease, power consumption and heat generation increase. CMOS is noted for low power consumption.
  9. 9. MOS AND CMOS ICs • MOS stands for metal-oxide semiconductor. • PMOS, NMOS, and CMOS are three technologies used to manufacture ICs. • NMOS stands for negative-channel metal-oxide semiconductor. NMOS ICs are faster than PMOS. • PMOS stands for positive-channel metal-oxide semiconductor. • CMOS stands for complementary metal-oxide semiconductor. Both PMOS and NMOS devices are used it its manufacture. • CMOS ICs are noted for exceptionally low power consumption. • CMOS ICs were slower than bipolar digital ICs (such as TTL devices). • Transmission gates or bilateral switches are unique digital devices created using CMOS technology.
  10. 10. 1. The drive capability of logic device outputs is sometimes called ___ (fan in, fan out). It is the number of inputs of a logic family that can be driven by a single output. (Left click mouse for questions and answers) Fan Out 2. CMOS devices are noted for their extremely ___ (high, low) power consumption. Low 3. A logic device with a low propagation delay would be considered to be a ___ (high, low) speed device. High 4. Several desirable characteristics of logic devices are good drive capabilities, low power consumption, and ___ (high, low) propagation delays. Low TEST
  11. 11. MOSFETMOSFET METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTORMETAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORSFIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS P-CHANNEL ENHANCEMENTP-CHANNEL ENHANCEMENT N-CHANNEL ENHANCEMENTN-CHANNEL ENHANCEMENT TO TURN ON GATE MUST BE LOWER THAN SOURCE TO TURN ON GATE MUST BE HIGHER THAN SOURCE
  12. 12. TO TURNON GATELOWER THANSOURCE D G S P-MOS Vout Vin C-MOS P-MOS N-MOS TO TURNON GATEHIGHER THANSOURCE G S D N-MOS0V +V 5V 10k 0V 5V +V 5V +V 5V 10k TO TURNON GATELOWER THANSOURCE D G S P-MOS Vin TO TURNON GATEHIGHER THANSOURCE G S D N-MOS0V +V 5V 10k 0V 5V +V 5V 10k MOSFETMOSFET METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTORMETAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORSFIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS
  13. 13. CMOSCMOS COMPLIMENTARYCOMPLIMENTARY METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTORMETAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR
  14. 14. CMOSCMOS COMPLIMENTARYCOMPLIMENTARY METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTORMETAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR Vout Vin C-MOS P-MOS N-MOS 0V +V 5V
  15. 15. ECLECL EMITTER COUPLED LOGICEMITTER COUPLED LOGIC

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