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  1. Japan & the Koreas
  2. Japan The land of the Rising Sun
  3. • Japan is an archipelago made of almost 7,000 islands. • Most people live on the 4 largest islands, especially Honshu • There is not much arable land, so farmers built terraces into hillsides and drained swamps. Terraced farm land
  4. • Japan is part of the Ring of Fire and experiences much earthquake and volcanic activity. • Seismographs measure movements in the crust to record the thousands of earthquakes each year. 2011 Tsunami
  5. • Japan’s climate varies by latitude – cold winter/cool summer in the North – hot summer/mild winter in the South • Japan experiences monsoons and typhoons, causing floods and landslides.
  6. • Japan is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. • Cities are crowded and land/housing prices are high. • Japan recycles 50% of its solid waste to combat pollution and waste disposal. Downtown Tokyo
  7. • Japan is 99% homogenous, meaning most people share a common language and heritage. • Shintoism and Buddhism are major religions. • Modernization and education has created a very large middle class. Itsukushima Torii
  8. Modern Japanese History • Fearing loss of culture and domination by European powers, Japan closed its doors to the West in 1639. • In 1853, the U.S. forced Japan to reopen with unfair trade agreements. • 1868 – Meiji government began industrializing Japan and ended the unequal treaties by 1900. Opening Edo Bay, 1853
  9. • Japan waged war against China and Russia to secure much needed natural resources in the early 1900s. • 1910 – Japan annexed Korea. • Worldwide depression of 1929 led Japan to seek new markets and resources overseas. • The new leaders promoted militarism, the glorification of military power. • During WWII, Japan allied with Nazi Germany. – Surprise attacked the U.S. at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (1941) – U.S. drops 2 atomic bombs in 1945 and Japan surrendered. Hiroshima, Japan 1945
  10. Post-War Japan • Following WWII, the U.S. occupied Japan until 1952. • Japan began democratic reforms, but was not allowed to create an offensive military force. • After WWII, Japan had the fastest growing economy in the world. – Imported raw materials and exported finished products.
  11. The Two Koreas
  12. North Korea is a communist. South Korea is not But they share a common history and culture
  13. Korean War • After WWII, the Soviet Union took charge of North Korea and established a Communist government. • The U.S. supervised South Korea. Elections were held and the U.S. withdrew in 1949. • 1950 – North Korea attacked the South to create a single Communist Korea. • United Nations forces (U.S. included) helped South Korea. • 1953 – a cease-fire stopped the fighting. • A demilitarized zone, an area with no troops or weapons allowed, was created to separate the two Koreas.
  14. DMZ Checkpoint on the DMZ JSA - Panmunjom
  15. • North Korea has rich natural resources. • North Korea uses its rivers for hydroelectric power. • South Korea has warmer climate and better farmland. • South Korea has twice the population of the north. • South Korea is densely populated with 25% of its people living in the capital city, Seoul.
  16. • Communist countries traded with North Korea. • North Korea has frequent power outages and has experienced severe flooding, famine, and economic disaster. • The United States and Japan are major trading partners with South Korea. • South Korea has built industry and nuclear power plants.
  17. Pyongyang Capital of North Korea
  18. Seoul Capital of South Korea
  19. • Many Koreans want the North and South to reunite, as families have been separated. • North Korea wants a Communist system but the South does not. The Statue of Brothers Seoul, South Korea