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9 July 2015
From here to where?
The Current State of Design and Technology
What we know, what the data is telling us
and t...
Getting the curriculum right
in schools
From here to where ? | 3
So what is it all about?
Being able to take risks
Becoming resourceful,
innovative, enterprising
...
From here to where ? | 4
The challenge: keeping a balance
Procedural
Knowledge
knowing how
Conceptual
Knowledge
knowing th...
From here to where ? | 5
The Challenge: keeping a balance
art engineering
designing making
food Everything else
Craft indu...
From here to where ? | 6
Previous Ofsted findings
 Often insufficient opportunities for pupils to develop
knowledge of el...
From here to where ? | 7
My recent observations
 KS3 curriculum very heavily guided making tasks with very
limited opport...
From here to where ? | 8
My recent observations
 Schools often opting for a two year Key Stage 3. This results
in student...
From here to where ? | 9
Why?
 Limited time to deliver a very wide subject and get balance
between creativity, procedural...
Subject take-up and
achievement
From here to where ? | 11
GSCE entry
 In 2014 201,252 students were entered for a D&T GSCE.
That is 35.46% of the total c...
From here to where ? | 12
GSCE entry by D&T subject over time
D & T: TextilesTechnology
D & T: Systems & Control
D & T: Re...
Starting points and attainment
From here to where ? | 13
KS2-4 National Subject Transition
Matrices - from RAISE Library
A...
Progress from starting points
From here to where ? | 14
GCSE subject Progress from starting points 2014
AOE L3 AOE L4 AOE ...
Gender progress gap
From here to where ? | 15
 Typically girls make much better progress than boys
Extracted from custom ...
Disadvantaged Students
From here to where ? | 16
 Disadvantaged students typically make much less progress
than non-disad...
Summary
From here to where ? | 17
 Take up is falling except for in product design. But still high.
 The proportion of s...
Developing the workforce
Where do leaders and teachers go for support?
From here to where ? | 19
 DATA
 Independent consultants
 Specialist Lead...
Both of death if fifth
Location of D&T SLEs
The next generation?
Initial teacher education (ITE)
From here to where ? | 22
 in the last three years 1174 fewer people have been
recruited ...
Initial teacher education 2015 recruitment
From here to where ? | 23
 In 2013-14 DFE initial ITE allocations data compare...
Initial teacher education 2015-16 allocation
From here to where ? | 24
 127 different providers have been allocated D&T P...
Conclusions
Opportunities and threats
From here to where ? | 26
 Understanding of what the subject is actually about.
 New GCSE subj...
The challenge ahead
From here to where ? | 27
If design and technology is not or cannot become the subject it
purports to ...
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Design and Technology Association (DATA) summer school keynote 2015

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Keynote speech to the Design and Technology Association (DATA) summer school by Diana Choulerton, Ofsted's National Lead Design and Technology. In it Diana examines the current state of design and technology teaching, looking at the threats, challenges and opportunities ahead.

This Slideshare presentation is now complemented by a video of the speech: https://www.data.org.uk/campaigns/key-note-from-2015-dt-summer-school/

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Design and Technology Association (DATA) summer school keynote 2015

  1. 1. 9 July 2015 From here to where? The Current State of Design and Technology What we know, what the data is telling us and the threats, challenges and opportunities ahead. Diana Choulerton National Lead Design and Technology This presentation is now complemented by a video of the speech: https://www.data.org.uk/campaigns/key-note-from-2015-dt-summer-school/
  2. 2. Getting the curriculum right in schools
  3. 3. From here to where ? | 3 So what is it all about? Being able to take risks Becoming resourceful, innovative, enterprising and capable citizens. Having a critical understanding of the impact of design and technology on daily life and the wider world. Ability to contribute to the creativity, culture and wealth and well-being of the nation. Creative and imaginative problem solving- real and relevant. An iterative designing and making process. Having the skills, knowledge and understanding needed to do the above. purposeful, rigorous and practical subject National Curriculum 2014
  4. 4. From here to where ? | 4 The challenge: keeping a balance Procedural Knowledge knowing how Conceptual Knowledge knowing that Creativity With reference to Anna Craft 2005
  5. 5. From here to where ? | 5 The Challenge: keeping a balance art engineering designing making food Everything else Craft industrial design
  6. 6. From here to where ? | 6 Previous Ofsted findings  Often insufficient opportunities for pupils to develop knowledge of electronics, systems and control, and computer aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM).  Many teachers were not keeping pace with technological developments or expanding upon their initial training sufficiently to enable them to teach the technically demanding aspects of the curriculum.  To enable education in England to keep pace with global technological change, new approaches are needed to teaching pupils how to apply electronics in combination with new materials and how to apply control systems in all aspects of the subject Meeting technological challenges? Design and technology in schools 2007–10
  7. 7. From here to where ? | 7 My recent observations  KS3 curriculum very heavily guided making tasks with very limited opportunities to design in 3-d. Very few opportunities to engage in an iterative design process.  A confusion between art and design and technology. Logo design. 2-d clocks, drawing logos onto pre-designed nets.  GCSE teaching focussed on ensuring folder content meets grade criteria. ‘controlled assessment’ taking up most of course. Is RM mainly about making a predominantly wooden storage product?  Electronics and robotics nowhere to be seen.
  8. 8. From here to where ? | 8 My recent observations  Schools often opting for a two year Key Stage 3. This results in students either dropping D&T in year 9 or studying it in a narrower way, following a GCSE specification.  D&T graphic products being confused with graphic design by leaders, teachers and students  Students often doing the same projects their parents did!?
  9. 9. From here to where ? | 9 Why?  Limited time to deliver a very wide subject and get balance between creativity, procedural and conceptual knowledge.  Teachers over focussed on developing making skills not linked to developing design thinking and skills- Limited opportunities for iterative design.  Teachers lack understanding of and/or don’t utilise approaches that engender creativity.  The challenge of engendering genuine problem solving in systems and control projects – how many problems can be solved with a moisture sensor (do baths really overflow that often?).  Food covering an important and different set of skills which only get covered for a few weeks a year.
  10. 10. Subject take-up and achievement
  11. 11. From here to where ? | 11 GSCE entry  In 2014 201,252 students were entered for a D&T GSCE. That is 35.46% of the total cohort, but a reduction of 16.10% since 2008 when it was 52.14%
  12. 12. From here to where ? | 12 GSCE entry by D&T subject over time D & T: TextilesTechnology D & T: Systems & Control D & T: Resistant Materials D & T: Graphic Products D & T: Food Technology D & T: Electronic Products Other Design and Technology 0.00% 2.00% 4.00% 6.00% 8.00% 10.00% 12.00% 14.00% 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 % of national cohort taking D&T by subject DFE National Tables 2015
  13. 13. Starting points and attainment From here to where ? | 13 KS2-4 National Subject Transition Matrices - from RAISE Library Attaiment Subject Below L4 L4 L5+ A*-C German 2.8% 39.7% 57.5% 72.0% Spanish 4.0% 45.1% 51.0% 68.7% French 3.8% 45.4% 50.8% 66.7% Music 6.9% 42.6% 50.5% 73.2% D&T: Systems and Control 7.6% 47.6% 44.8% 61.0% History 6.3% 49.6% 44.0% 66.2% Geography 7.1% 50.0% 42.9% 66.8% D&T: Electronic Products 7.5% 50.8% 41.7% 64.0% Business Studies 6.5% 53.4% 40.1% 64.7% ICT 9.4% 51.4% 39.2% 68.7% RE 10.1% 51.5% 38.4% 71.5% PE 8.5% 54.7% 36.9% 70.0% D&T: Graphic Products 11.7% 53.7% 34.6% 58.0% Drama 12.5% 53.2% 34.3% 73.0% D&T: Textiles 15.0% 54.2% 30.8% 71.0% Art 16.1% 53.5% 30.4% 74.8% Media Studies 14.1% 58.8% 27.2% 65.0% D&T: Food 18.7% 56.6% 24.7% 61.0% D&T: Resistant Materials 18.4% 57.1% 24.5% 54.0% KS2 AOE
  14. 14. Progress from starting points From here to where ? | 14 GCSE subject Progress from starting points 2014 AOE L3 AOE L4 AOE L5+ Total 3+LP 4+LP 3+LP 4+LP 3+LP 4+LP 3+LP 4+LP Art 75% 52% 75% 39% 70% 40% 73% 41% D&T Textiles 56% 29% 70% 41% 81% 54% 71% 44% English 60% 23% 70% 28% 76% 39% 71% 31% Drama 62% 34% 67% 37% 71% 38% 68% 37% Music 50% 26% 62% 35% 74% 43% 67% 39% D&T Food Tech 54% 24% 50% 18% 58% 33% 64% 34% Geography 32% 13% 55% 25% 74% 47% 61% 34% History 30% 14% 53% 29% 74% 47% 61% 36% Business Studies 31% 13% 54% 26% 70% 36% 59% 29% D&T Electronic Products 39% 16% 52% 27% 70% 41% 59% 32% Core Science 38% 15% 60% 18% 61% 25% 58% 19% French 54% 24% 50% 18% 58% 33% 54% 26% D&T Graphic Products 40% 18% 51% 26% 63% 35% 54% 28% D&T Resistant Materials 48% 22% 52% 23% 61% 29% 54% 24% D&T Systems and Control 41% 19% 49% 23% 59% 30% 53% 26% Maths 22% 2% 61% 52% 46% 18% 53% 39% KS2-4 National Subject Transition Matrices - from RAISE Library
  15. 15. Gender progress gap From here to where ? | 15  Typically girls make much better progress than boys Extracted from custom data- from RAISE Team
  16. 16. Disadvantaged Students From here to where ? | 16  Disadvantaged students typically make much less progress than non-disadvantaged students. Extracted from custom data- from RAISE Team
  17. 17. Summary From here to where ? | 17  Take up is falling except for in product design. But still high.  The proportion of students taking D&T GSCE with middle or low starting points (KS2 R,W,M) is low in comparison with most other option subjects. EP and S&C being the exception.  Typically students make less progress from starting points in D&T than most other subjects.  Boys typically make significantly less progress than girls. Except in systems and control.  Disadvantaged students typically make much less progress than non-disadvantaged students. In particularly the most- able.  Achievement varies considerably between regions.
  18. 18. Developing the workforce
  19. 19. Where do leaders and teachers go for support? From here to where ? | 19  DATA  Independent consultants  Specialist Leaders of Education? SLEs  LAs with D&T subject advisers?  Other schools within their trust, partnership or LA? Who is ensuring the quality of this support?
  20. 20. Both of death if fifth Location of D&T SLEs
  21. 21. The next generation?
  22. 22. Initial teacher education (ITE) From here to where ? | 22  in the last three years 1174 fewer people have been recruited to D&T ITE than the government target.  This is the lowest recruitment in any subject over the last 3 years. In 2014-15 only social studies was near at 53%. The next lowest in 2014/15 was RE and business studies at 71% and 75% respectively.  The number of allocations agreed in 2013-4 and 2014-15 were less than the government target figure and the subsequent number of allocated places filled in each was low. 52% of allocated places filled in 2013-14. 47% of allocated places were filled in 2014-15.
  23. 23. Initial teacher education 2015 recruitment From here to where ? | 23  In 2013-14 DFE initial ITE allocations data compared with entrants shows that 56% of provider-led places (Uni and SCITT) were filled and 60% of school direct places were filled. Did universities and SCITTs find it harder to recruit trainees than teaching alliances?  In 2014-15. Allocations compared with recruitment show that 380 trainees were recruited. 40% of places allocated were filled.  22% of applicants were successful in gaining a place offer. This is in comparison to 16% of all applicants to secondary ITE gaining an offer. Maths 19%, Physics 22.6%, Chemistry 19%.
  24. 24. Initial teacher education 2015-16 allocation From here to where ? | 24  127 different providers have been allocated D&T PGCE places. 67 of these providers have less than 5 trainee places allocated. Another 9 have between 5 and 9 places allocated. 33 providers have over 10 places.  Allocations vary considerably across regions
  25. 25. Conclusions
  26. 26. Opportunities and threats From here to where ? | 26  Understanding of what the subject is actually about.  New GCSE subject content.  Food included at KS2-3 and separate at KS4.  Iterative design.  School leaders prioritising subjects that show stronger student progress at KS4. Progress 8?  Lack of access to subject specific expert advice, support and CPD. SLE role unclear with regards to improving wider system.  Too few new teachers being trained. Regional variations too.  GCSE specifications that award a linear approach and do not truly assess problem solving and creativity.
  27. 27. The challenge ahead From here to where ? | 27 If design and technology is not or cannot become the subject it purports to be – what is our justification for it to be valued and promoted? Senior leaders in schools must have enough knowledge of D&T to know if the curriculum is appropriate and being taught well. Subject leaders must have the knowledge skills and resources needed to deliver a relevant up-to-date curriculum. Teachers must get the subject specific support they need to teach the subject well so students make good progress and the subject becomes more valid in the eyes of non-specialists. Sufficient numbers of new skilled D&T teachers are needed. Suitable subject specific training and support must be at hand for all subject practitioners.

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