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  1. 1. Contact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA orcid.org ORCID: Connecting Research & Researchers Webinar, LIASA-HELIG, 17 September 2014 Laurel L. Haak, PhD Executive Director, ORCID L.Haak@orcid.org ISNI 0000000138352317 http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5109-3700
  2. 2. Name Ambiguity Is a Problem J. Å. S. Sørensen J. Aa. S. Sørensen J. Åge S. Sørensen J. Aage S. Sørensen J. Åge Smærup Sørensen J. Aage Smaerup Sørensen http://ands.org.au/newsletters/share_issue18.pdf
  3. 3. One researcher may have many profiles and identifiers 3
  4. 4. ORCID is a registry and hub 4 Repositories Funders Higher Education and Employers Professional Associations Publishers Other person identifiers ORCID provides a free, non-proprietary registry of persistent unique public identifiers for researchers ISNI Researcher ID Scopus Author ID Internal identifiers FundRef GrantID ISNI Ringgold ID Member ID Abstract ID DOI ISBN Thesis ID DOI ORCID APIs enable exchange between research data systems to connect researchers, works, organizations, and other identifiers
  5. 5. What are persistent identifiers? • Numeric or alpha-numeric persistent designations associated with (resolvable to) a single entity • Entities can be an organization, person, or piece of content (artifact)
  6. 6. What do IDs do, exactly? ① Enable machine readability ② Disambiguate and enforce uniqueness ③ Enable linking and data integration In other words, persistent identifiers provide a simple basis for digital data governance
  7. 7. Digital scholarly communications requires information be machine readable 7
  8. 8. • Take 30 seconds to register at http://orcid.org/register • Free to researchers • Individual owns the record and controls privacy settings • Works on tablets and phones • Available in multiple languages Register for your
  9. 9. Distinguish Yourself Use free tools to connect your ORCID identifier to your name variations, affiliations, and your existing works and funding, both in ORCID and external databases including Scopus and Web of Science
  10. 10. Adoption and Integration 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 Creator Website Trusted Party 17 September 2014 orcid.org Associations 12% Over 150 members, from every sector of the international 10 ORCID has issued over 875,000 iDs since our launch in October 2012. Integration and use is international. research community EMEA 35% AsiaPac 15% Americas 50% Publishing 25% Universities & Research Orgs 45% Funders 7% Repositories & Profile Sys 11% -­‐ Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug 2012 2013 2014
  11. 11. Registry use is international 17 September 2014 orcid.org 11 ORCID Registry traffic from African countries represents about 3% of total usage, with over 160,000 unique sessions. Top 15 cities in Africa, by usage: Cairo Tunis Lagos Algiers Giza Cape Town Pretoria Alexandria Abuja Addis Ababa Johannesburg Casablanca Accra Nairobi Rabat
  12. 12. v ORCID provides a free, non-proprietary registry of persistent unique identifiers for researchers, scholars, and analysts v ORCID iDs are embedded in research systems and ORCID provides APIs that enable the interoperable exchange of information between systems v ORCID code is open source and we support community efforts to develop tools and services v ORCID iDs link to other research information identifiers v ORCID is an independent non-profit organization supported by member fees ORCID 17 September 2014 orcid.org 12 v ORCID record data marked public by researchers is published annually
  13. 13. ORCID Governance v Data Governance: ORCID is committed to maintaining persistence of the ORCID identifier Registry and data in its charge. v Organization Governance: ORCID is governed by an elected Board of Directors, majority non-profit, drawn from and representative of ORCID member organizations. Governance documents are posted online. v Community Driven: ORCID Steering and Working Groups and an Ambassador program are open to the research community. v Staff: ORCID operations are managed by a full time staff. 17 September 2014 orcid.org 13
  14. 14. How to join Standard: One organization joins. Option for basic or premium benefit levels. Discounts for non-profits and multi-year agreements. Local consortium: One lead organization coordinates membership and technical implementation with group participants. Fee based on number of organizations in the group and benefit level. Discount for groups of 5 or more. National consortium: One lead organization coordinates membership and technical implementation for group participants. Sliding fee based on national GDP and group size. http://orcid.org/about/membership
  15. 15. Who is Integrating and How? 15 • Publishers • Research Funders • Professional Associations • Universities and Research Orgs • Repositories, CRIS, Metrics Sites For a list of organizations and integrations see http://orcid.org/organizations/integrators
  16. 16. Adoption “To-Do” List ① Integrate data fields for persistent identifiers for people, places, and things into your systems ② Collect persistent identifiers during transactions (using authenticated login, not typing!) AND use APIs to help autofill forms ③ Incorporate identifiers into published metadata 17 Se ptember 2014 orcid.org 16 Integrators Researchers ① Register for an ORCID iD ② Use it when submitting papers, applying for grants, depositing datasets, etc.
  17. 17. ORCID APIs • Public API • Can only access data marked as public • Can only READ • Member API • Registration and token needed • With permission from user, access data marked as limited • Can READ, EDIT, APPEND. • Employer institutions may CREATE • Can use both APIs in free Sandbox environment • See Introductory Documentation
  18. 18. Case Study 1: Member site asks for permissions from a Scholar A user establishes a trust relationship while at a member site EDIT APPEND READ Scholar reviews the request and establishes trust relationships ADD TO READ ORCID Record Member site becomes trusted; may add activities and receive record updates ORCID Widget OAuth 2.0 ORCID Widget OAuth 2.0 EDIT APPEND ? READ API POST / GET 1 2 3
  19. 19. Case Study 2: 1 2 3 CREATE ADD TO ORCID Record Institution creates An iD for employee An iD is created by an institution, and then claimed and managed by the user EDIT APPEND READ ORCID Record Scholar claims the iD, sets privacy levels, establishes trust relationships ADD TO READ ORCID Record Trusted organizations add activities and receive updated Scholar information API POST ORCID Web Interface API POST / GET
  20. 20. Publishing 17 September 2014 orcid.org Publishers are: • Requesting iDs at time of manuscript submission • Embedding iDs in article data (print and online) • Submitting iDs to CrossRef (over 100K!) • Large indexes (WOS, Scopus) support ORCID • All disciplines represented 20
  21. 21. Acknowledge Reviewers 17 September 2014 orcid.org 21
  22. 22. “Where possible, it is also recommended that contributors be uniquely identifiable, and data uniquely attributable, through identifiers which are persistent, non-proprietary, open and interoperable (e.g. through leveraging existing sustainable initiatives such as ORCID for contributor identifiers and DataCite for data identifiers).” European Commission H2020 Grantee Guidelines 22 http://biomedicalresearchworkforce.nih.gov/tracking-system.htm#d Funding Policy
  23. 23. Case Study: FCT 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 17 September 2014 orcid.org 23 iDs created with .pt email domain 12/2/13, 12010 12/2/13, 1866 0 FCT requires grantees to register for ORCID iD and link to organization and works Oct-12 Jan-13 Apr-13 Aug-13 Nov-13 Feb-14 Weekly total Running total Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) is using ORCID as a component of a nation-wide CRIS eco-system, enabling interoperability among multiple research systems including the RCAAP national Open Access repository, the DeGóis CV system, and the Authenticus indexed publications repository
  24. 24. Professional Associations “AGU is implementing ORCIDs in our member records, editorial databases, and papers. Having the ability to uniquely identify scientists helps the society, editors, authors, and members in many ways, from improving efficiency to providing services and support.” Brooks Hanson, Director of Publications, American Geophysical Union http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6230-7145 17 September 2014 orcid.org 24 http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/20131029-mcentee
  25. 25. Repositories • DataCite • DSpace (UMissouri) • ePrints (UBern) • EThOS (British Library) • HUBzero (U Notre Dame) • Hydra/Fedora (Purdue) • InSPIRE (CERN) • Vireo (Texas A&M) • Reactome More at http://orcid.org/blog/2014/03/10/orcid-repositories- and-researchers 25
  26. 26. Case Study: DSpace 26 ORCID support is scheduled to become part of the DSpace 5 core, the new version expected to be released before the end of 2014. At that time, DSpace will also release patches for DSpace 3 and DSpace 4. Supported ORCID functionality: • ORCID lookup during manual submission of new publications • ORCID lookup for edit operations on already accepted/ published items in DSpace • Batch adding of ORCID metadata using the DSpace metadata CSV upload facilities.
  27. 27. How are Universities Integrating? • Get an ORCID iD and insert it in LDAP system, 27 CRIS, dissertation thesis, or directory • Get Data from an ORCID Record and export into a CRIS or update a repository • Enable import of CRIS data into an ORCID Record • Link to identifiers in your system • Create an iD for your faculty, staff, and students and pre-populate with affiliation and works information For more on university integrators see http://orcid.org/organizations/researchorganizations
  28. 28. “We want to use ORCIDs to simplify the life of Oxford’s researchers for working with institutional systems and publishers’ systems by re-using already available information for publication data management and reporting. The motto is: Input once – re-use often.” Wolfram Horstmann, Assoc. Director, Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8673-6104 17 September 2014 orcid.org Universities 28
  29. 29. Integration Process Technically, integrating ORCID involves adding <person ID> and <source> fields to data models, mapping to ORCID API, and implementing OAuth and RESTful calls. Socially, it is critical that researchers are engaged in the process. 17 September 2014 orcid.org 29 • Planning Guide: http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/articles/321374- timeline-for-creating-orcid-ids-via-the-api • API Overview: http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/articles/180285- introduction-to-the-orcid-api
  30. 30. Case Study: Create/Connect 17 September 2014 orcid.org 30
  31. 31. Case Study: Create/Connect 17 September 2014 orcid.org 31 http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/orcid-intgration-risuandersson
  32. 32. Case Study: Record Creation Current status: 3212 records created on 15 July, 2014 17 September 2014 orcid.org 32 http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/johnson-cu-boulderorcidoutreachmeetingslides
  33. 33. Case Study: UC Boulder cont’d 17 September 2014 orcid.org 33 http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/johnson-cu-boulderorcidoutreachmeetingslides
  34. 34. Case Study: Access Management • Supporting $1.3 billion research enterprise • 2 campuses: separate IT departments, 17 September 2014 orcid.org 34 • IAM options under discussion: • ORCID field is added to LDAP; hyperlinked to orcid.org • Sponsored program grants system requirement • Michigan Experts Researcher Profiles • UM Research Data Repository • Medical school CV system http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/ westbrooksorcid-140520185706phpapp01 administrations, and cultures • Library managing project, with Campus IT (ITS) – core partner for integrating ORCIDS in institutional access managemet (IAM)
  35. 35. 17 September 2014 orcid.org Case Study: Theses 35 In February 2014, Texas A&M University (TAMU) minted ORCIDs for ~10K graduate students. They are on the front line of developments to use persistent identifiers to link students, theses, and educational organizations. The TAMU effort is being led by the library, in coordination with other campus offices and divisions, including the Provost’s office and Graduate School. One component of their effort has been development of Library Guides to provide context for the TAMU rollout of ORCID.
  36. 36. 17 September 2014 orcid.org Case Study: Theses 36 http://oaktrust.library.tamu.edu/bitstream/handle/1969.1/151981/ORCIDopoly%20TAMU%20Poster.pdf?sequence=1
  37. 37. Case Study: Research Reporting ORCID at Oxford 17 September 2014 orcid.org 37 http://www.slideshare.net/ ORCIDSlides/orcid-outreach- 27-52014-s-rumsey4-3 • Challenge of managing research outputs • > 5000 research active staff • > 5000 research students • Estimated 12,000 peer reviewed articles per annum • Highly devolved institution • Oxford Person Identifiers Group • Representatives from Bodleian Libraries; IT Services; Research Services; Legal Services; Student Administration; OUP. Project endorsed by the Research Information Management Sub-Committee of the Research Committee • Part of Jisc-ARMA ORCID Pilot • Oxford approach is a lightweight model that supports control and ownership of personal information by researchers
  38. 38. Case Study: Research Reporting • First/Last Name • email • University of Oxford ID 17 September 2014 orcid.org 38 Process of ORCID assignment/linking for Oxford authors User logs in via SSO request new ORCID/link existing ORCID button ORCID associated with person in CUD a) New ORCID: Create ORCID b) Existing ORCID: Sign in to ORCID [validation] Person associated with ORCID ORCID iD
  39. 39. ORCIDwVIVO Integration Cornell University has integrated VIVO with ORCID in a way that works for and can be used in other VIVO instances to link VIVO iD with ORCID identifier. Available in VIVO 1.7 in July 2014 and on github ORCID Java Library. Support by CRIS systems 17 September 2014 orcid.org 39 In Pure, Authors can now include their ORCID iD when creating reference data. If they choose to import publication records from Scopus into PURE, the ORCID UI can be used to make an accurate association between the imported record and speciCic institutional authors. ..,also support for ORCID in DSpace, Profiles, and PeopleSoft
  40. 40. Thank you! • Find out more at http://orcid.org • More on membership at http://orcid.org/about/membership • Access tools to embed ORCID iDs at http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/ • Subscribe to our blog at http://orcid.org/about/news and follow @ORCID_Org on Twitter • Contact the ORCID Executive Director at l.haak@orcid.org 17 September 2014 orcid.org 40