Open Education and Widening Participation

Opening Educational Practices in
Scotland
Open education and
widening participation
Pete Cannell 07 December 2015
2
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
Open Educational Resources
“Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any
type of educational materials that are in the
public domain or introduced with an open
license. The nature of these open materials
means that anyone can legally and freely copy,
use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range
from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture
notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video
and animation.” (UNESCO definition)
3
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
OER: the 5Rs
• Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the
content;
• Reuse – the right to use the content in a wide range of ways
(e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video);
• Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the
content itself (e.g., translate the content into another
language);
• Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content
with other open content to create something new (e.g.,
incorporate the content into a mashup);
• Redistribute – the right to share copies of the original
content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g.,
give a copy of the content to a friend).” (David Wiley, 5 March
2014)
Source: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221
4
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
The Promise
• The promise of Open Education is that
traditional boundaries and barriers to
engagement with higher education can be
broken down (OECD, 2007; D’Antoni, 2014)
• The current reality in Scotland and in
Europe (recent OECD report, Falconer
2013) is that Open Education in general
and OER in particular is having a relatively
limited impact on widening participation and
lifelong learning
5
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
The Project
• Opening Educational
Practices in Scotland
is a three year project
led by the Open
University in Scotland
but involving all of the
higher education
sector.
6
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
Project objectives
The project encompasses a number of activities over a
three year period (2014-2017):
• Analysis of current open educational practices
• Events programme across Scotland to raise awareness of OEP
• Development of an online hub to encourage and share best practice in
open education
• Development of a small number of high quality OERs of particular
benefit to Scotland
• Badging of informal learning
• Learning design for widening participation
• Research and evaluation building strong evidence base
• Evaluation of various economic models of openness
7
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
Origins
• Strong focus and
incentive to work in
partnership to widen
participation in Scottish
Higher Education
• Availability of OER
resources (OpenLearn
…) and high level of
expertise within the
Open University
8
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
OER developed in partnership
9
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
Open Educational Practice
Cape Town Declaration - 2007
• The declaration stresses that developing the potential of open
education requires practices that enable educators to share
approaches and ideas and promote development in pedagogy.
10
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
Extending how we think of OEP
• The evidence that OEPS is building on suggests that it may be
useful to think of practice as including:
• Learning design and pedagogy
• Opportunities for co-creation
• Social Context
• Collective and peer supported learning
• Networks
Project activities
•Discussion with partners and potential partners – approx 50
•Workshops
oLearning Design aimed at developing practice
o‘Open Learning Champions’
oA range of open practice topics
•Presentations at conferences and seminars
•Advisory forums
•Developing exemplar OER and associated practice
•Supporting development and piloting of badges in WP
contexts
•Developing hub for open educational practice
•Embedded evaluation and research
•Reports and papers
Emerging Themes
• Partnership
• High levels of interest outside the formal education sector
• Extending learning design and practice to include the use of
materials in social settings – importance of peer support
• Value of working with partners who are embedded in their own
well established networks
• The opportunities that are created by working with partners
where individuals play intermediary or facilitating roles with
fellow workers, clients …
• Value of co-creation and collaborative design
• OER ladder – from use through to remixing
• Sharing and developing knowledge
• The online hub is being designed to support learning
communities – not another repository
Contact Us: Email:
OEPScotland@open.ac.uk
Twitter: @OEPScotland
Blog: www.oepscotland.org
Community hub: www.oeps.ac.uk
14
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
Barriers to use – case study
• Working with Scottish Union
Learning to develop Open
Learning Champions
• 18 unions
• Around 100 ULRs
• Building a community on
www.oeps.ac.uk
15
Opening Educational Practices in Scotland
What we’ve found
• Barriers familiar in the WP literature – socio-economic,
attitudinal, confidence …
• But these overlap and interact with specific characteristics of the
online environment
Scale and complexity of the offer – ‘looks like a university’
The idea that online means individualised
Negative experience (e.g. tick box, top down)
Where to start – lack of structure
Digital skills, digital literacy
Lack of good collective models
1 de 15

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Open Education and Widening Participation

  • 1. Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Open education and widening participation Pete Cannell 07 December 2015
  • 2. 2 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Open Educational Resources “Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” (UNESCO definition)
  • 3. 3 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland OER: the 5Rs • Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content; • Reuse – the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video); • Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language); • Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup); • Redistribute – the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend).” (David Wiley, 5 March 2014) Source: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221
  • 4. 4 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland The Promise • The promise of Open Education is that traditional boundaries and barriers to engagement with higher education can be broken down (OECD, 2007; D’Antoni, 2014) • The current reality in Scotland and in Europe (recent OECD report, Falconer 2013) is that Open Education in general and OER in particular is having a relatively limited impact on widening participation and lifelong learning
  • 5. 5 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland The Project • Opening Educational Practices in Scotland is a three year project led by the Open University in Scotland but involving all of the higher education sector.
  • 6. 6 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Project objectives The project encompasses a number of activities over a three year period (2014-2017): • Analysis of current open educational practices • Events programme across Scotland to raise awareness of OEP • Development of an online hub to encourage and share best practice in open education • Development of a small number of high quality OERs of particular benefit to Scotland • Badging of informal learning • Learning design for widening participation • Research and evaluation building strong evidence base • Evaluation of various economic models of openness
  • 7. 7 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Origins • Strong focus and incentive to work in partnership to widen participation in Scottish Higher Education • Availability of OER resources (OpenLearn …) and high level of expertise within the Open University
  • 8. 8 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland OER developed in partnership
  • 9. 9 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Open Educational Practice Cape Town Declaration - 2007 • The declaration stresses that developing the potential of open education requires practices that enable educators to share approaches and ideas and promote development in pedagogy.
  • 10. 10 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Extending how we think of OEP • The evidence that OEPS is building on suggests that it may be useful to think of practice as including: • Learning design and pedagogy • Opportunities for co-creation • Social Context • Collective and peer supported learning • Networks
  • 11. Project activities •Discussion with partners and potential partners – approx 50 •Workshops oLearning Design aimed at developing practice o‘Open Learning Champions’ oA range of open practice topics •Presentations at conferences and seminars •Advisory forums •Developing exemplar OER and associated practice •Supporting development and piloting of badges in WP contexts •Developing hub for open educational practice •Embedded evaluation and research •Reports and papers
  • 12. Emerging Themes • Partnership • High levels of interest outside the formal education sector • Extending learning design and practice to include the use of materials in social settings – importance of peer support • Value of working with partners who are embedded in their own well established networks • The opportunities that are created by working with partners where individuals play intermediary or facilitating roles with fellow workers, clients … • Value of co-creation and collaborative design • OER ladder – from use through to remixing • Sharing and developing knowledge • The online hub is being designed to support learning communities – not another repository
  • 13. Contact Us: Email: OEPScotland@open.ac.uk Twitter: @OEPScotland Blog: www.oepscotland.org Community hub: www.oeps.ac.uk
  • 14. 14 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland Barriers to use – case study • Working with Scottish Union Learning to develop Open Learning Champions • 18 unions • Around 100 ULRs • Building a community on www.oeps.ac.uk
  • 15. 15 Opening Educational Practices in Scotland What we’ve found • Barriers familiar in the WP literature – socio-economic, attitudinal, confidence … • But these overlap and interact with specific characteristics of the online environment Scale and complexity of the offer – ‘looks like a university’ The idea that online means individualised Negative experience (e.g. tick box, top down) Where to start – lack of structure Digital skills, digital literacy Lack of good collective models