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Presentation by Katia Karousakis, Indicators relevant to Aichi Target 3

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Presentation by Katia Karousakis, OECD expert, on Indicators relevant to Aichi Target 3 at BIP side-event, at CBD COP13, Cancun, Mexico.

Publicada em: Meio ambiente
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Presentation by Katia Karousakis, Indicators relevant to Aichi Target 3

  1. 1. INDICATORS RELEVANT TO AICHI TARGET 3 Katia Karousakis Biodiversity Team Leader OECD Environment Directorate CBD COP13, December 2016 Policy Response Indicators from the OECD
  2. 2. • OECD works in a number of areas e.g., environment, agriculture, fisheries, development co-operation • OECD provides…  forum to exchange country experiences and good practice policy analysis  comparable data to track policy developments 2 Overview
  3. 3. • Examined several OECD datasets to evaluate relevance to Aichi Target 3 (incentives) and 20 (resource mobilisation)  Policy Instruments for the Environment database  PSE/CSE database on agricultural support  Fossil fuel subsidies  OECD DAC Rio-Markers amongst others 3 Biodiversity policy response indicators ‘Biodiversity Policy Response Indicators’ (OECD ENV Working Paper No. 90, 2015)
  4. 4. 4 Policy Instruments for the Environment database – what is it? Policy Instruments included: • Environmentally-related taxes, fees and charges • Tradable permit systems • Environmentally-motivated subsidies • Deposit refund schemes • Voluntary approaches Environmental domains: • Water pollution • Air pollution • Climate change • Land contamination • Waste management • Noise • Natural resources management • Energy efficiency • Transport • Land management • Biodiversity Data on more than 2900 instruments 58 countries Information on instruments and revenue supplied by countries All countries welcome to provide information! oe.cd/pine
  5. 5. • Biodiversity-relevant taxes, fees, charges include:  Charges on tourist-related services and structures - Great Barrier Reef  Fee on hunting licence  Entrance fee for National Parks  Forest products harvest tax • Currently, 23 countries include information on biodiversity-relevant taxes (22 are OECD member countries) 5 Policy Instruments for the Environment database: biodiversity-relevant taxes oe.cd/pine
  6. 6. • Tradable permits schemes represent 4% of all biodiversity-related instruments • Currently, the PINE database contains information on 34 biodiversity-relevant tradable permit schemes in 23 different countries – Most frequently, tradable hunting permits and transferable fishing quotas oe.cd/pine 6 Policy Instruments for the Environment database: biodiversity-relevant tradable permits
  7. 7. Revenue from environmentally related taxes in % GDP, 2014 USD 6 billion per year = Revenue from biodiversity-relevant taxes in OECD countries  (only 0.7% of the total revenue from environmentally relevant taxes) oe.cd/pine
  8. 8. • In 2017-2018, will aim to include two new policy instruments in the PINE database: 8 PINE database – planned work Payments for ecosystem services (PES) Biodiversity offsets
  9. 9. Trends in potentially environmentally harmful agricultural support Source: OECD Secretariat calculations based on OECD PSE/CSE database, 2016. All countries welcome to provide information OECD agricultural support to farmers by potential environmental impact 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 USD mn Most harmful Least harmful Other Potentially most environmentally harmful support
  10. 10. Key areas of OECD work on Biodiversity, Land Use and Ecosystems (BLUE)  Biodiversity Indicators, Valuation and Assessment  Economic Instruments, Incentives and Policies for Biodiversity  Biodiversity Finance, Development and Distributional Issues Previous and forthcoming work • Marine Protected Areas: Economics, Management and Effective Policy Mixes (OECD, forthcoming 2017) • Overcoming Barriers to Effective Biodiversity Policy Reform (OECD, forthcoming 2017) • Biodiversity Offsets: Effective Design and Implementation (OECD, 2016) NEW! • Biodiversity Policy Response Indicators (OECD ENV Working Paper No. 90, 2015) • Scaling Up Finance Mechanisms for Biodiversity (OECD, 2013) • Paying for Biodiversity: Enhancing the Cost-Effectiveness of Payments for Ecosystem Services (OECD, 2010) Visit: www.oecd.org/env/biodiversity http://www.oecd.org/environment/resources/mainstream- biodiversity/ katia.karousakis@oecd.org