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enhancing inter-linkages for
Means of Implementation
Based on the discussion paper “Options for Streamlining the UNFCCC Process and
Enhancing Inter-linkages in the Post-2020 Period”
by Gregory Briner, Takayoshi Kato, Susanne Konrad and Christina Hood
CCXG Global Forum
17 September 2014
Takayoshi Kato, OECD
Climate Change Expert Group www.oecd.org/env/cc/ccxg.htm
Why streamlining and inter-linkages are important for
Means of Implementation?
Where do opportunities for streamlining and enhancing
o Outlining three “strawman” models
2 Climate Change Expert Group
Means of implementation
Means of Implementation (MOI): Finance,
technology, and capacity building (CB)
All are needed to support developing countries to
implement mitigation and adaptation actions.
Finance is directed to: mitigation and adaptation actions,
and projects/programmes for CB and technology.
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This presentation focuses on streamlining and enhancing
inter-linkages among mechanisms and
arrangements for MOI.
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Why streamline and inter-link?
Efforts for MOI are cross-cutting in nature.
MOI involves a number of arrangements and
mechanisms both inside and outside UNFCCC.
Risks that their work can be duplicated/fragmented.
Discussion on streamlining and inter-linkages is
necessary and already on-going (e.g. at SCF and GCF).
Programme on Article 6, Framework for
CB in developing countries and EiT. (e.g.) GCF, GEF, SCF,
Adaptation Fund(under KP)
(e.g.) TEC, CTCN, Poznan Strategic Program
on Technology Transfer
(e.g.) Durban Forum on CB, Doha Work
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Opportunities for streamlining and
Three “strawman” models for streamlining and enhancing
inter-linkages of institutional arrangements under UNFCCC.
There may also be “middle course” between those models.
Model 1: Status quo plus
Model 2: Three sister
Model 3: Nested windows under
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Model 1: Status quo plus
No significant change to the existing mechanisms and
arrangements, but potentially greater role of the
Could lead to smoother translation.
May risk continuing the current fragmentation of
work for MOI (UNFCCC, 2014g).
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on CB GCF Doha Work
Model 2: Three sister mechanisms for
finance, technology and capacity building
More symmetrical arrangements with the FM, the TM
and a “Capacity Building Mechanism” whose focus
could be to reduce fragmentation of efforts for CB by
multiple actors (rather than creating more work-streams).
Establishing a new institution might lead to greater costs.
SCF TEC (A Capacity Building
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(A Capacity Building
Model 3: Nested windows under GCF
Seeking a greater opportunity for streamlining by
centralising decision making in the GCF Board
(with the support from other arrangements/mechanisms).
The Board might be imposed excessive burden, which
might lead to greater fragmentation of support.
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How could the 2015 Agreement help to streamline the
arrangements and mechanisms for finance, technology
and capacity building?
How could greater co-ordination and stronger inter-linkages
be forged between arrangements and
mechanisms relating to finance, technology and capacity
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