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1.2 Simon Upton, Opening of Global Forum Tokyo

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1.2 Simon Upton, Opening of Global Forum Tokyo

  1. 1. PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS MANAGEMENT THROUGH EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY Simon Upton Director of Environment, OECD www.oecd.org Global Forum on Environment Tokyo, 17 June 2014
  2. 2. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Population (billions) WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) RoWOECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) BRIICS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Population (billions) WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) RoWOECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) BRIICS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Population (billions) WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) RoWOECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) BRIICS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Population (billions) WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) RoWOECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) BRIICS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Population (billions)WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) RoWOECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD GDP per capita ('000 USD) BRIICS GDP +124% GDP +478% GDP +458% GDP +295% Source: OECD (2012), OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050, Baseline projection using ENV-Linkages model
  3. 3. 3 billion more middle-class consumers will fuel future demand 3 Global middle class1 Billions of people ROW 2030 3.23Latin America 4.88 3 billion Asia-Pacific North America Europe 2020 3.25 1.74 2009 1.85 0.53 1 Based on daily consumption per capita ranging from $10 to $100 (in purchasing power parity terms) Source: OECD (2011), Perspectives on Global Development: Social Cohesion in a Shifting World 0.03
  4. 4. 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 250 000 300 000 350 000 GDP (billions 2010 USD PPP) WORLD Emissions intensity (kg CO2e / 2010 USD PPP) RoW OECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD BRIICS 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 250 000 300 000 350 000 GDP (billions 2010 USD PPP) WORLD Emissions intensity (kg CO2e / 2010 USD PPP) RoW OECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD BRIICS 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 250 000 300 000 350 000 GDP (billions 2010 USD PPP) WORLD Emissions intensity (kg CO2e / 2010 USD PPP) RoW OECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD BRIICS 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 250 000 300 000 350 000 GDP (billions 2010 USD PPP) WORLD Emissions intensity (kg CO2e / 2010 USD PPP) RoW OECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD BRIICS GHG emissions intensity and GDP 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 250 000 300 000 350 000 GDP (billions 2010 USD PPP) WORLD Emissions intensity (kg CO2e / 2010 USD PPP) RoW OECD OECD RoW BRIICS WORLD BRIICS BRIICS GHG emissions 39 GtCO2e OECD GHG emissions 19 GtCO2e World GHG emissions 81 GtCO2e RoW GHG emissions 22 GtCO2e RoW GHG emissions 13 GtCO2e BRIICS GHG emissions 19 GtCO2e OECD GHG emissions 16 GtCO2e World GHG emissions 48 GtCO2e Source: OECD (2012), OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050, Baseline projection using ENV-Linkages model
  5. 5. A Story of Industrial Entropy Photo credit: NASA Goddard Center; OECD. Debit 72 Gt RESOURCE STOCKS A Story of Industrial Entropy … Running Against the Earth’s Balance Sheet? SATURATION Atmosphere Aquasphere Litosphere RESERVOIRS 49 Gt of GHG 228 Mt of P ~12 Gt of solid waste Extracted & used 35 Gt (1980) . . . 72 Gt (today) . . > 100 Gt (2030) . . Increasing costs ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥
  6. 6. Planetary accounting level Global Extraction Used (GEU) = Global Material Consumption (GMC) Unused Global Extraction (UGE) Reusable • Mining overburden • Harvest residues • Fishery by-catch • Soil erosion from agriculture Global Extraction Waste
  7. 7. 62 Gt of material resources extracted in 2008 8.2 Gt12.7 Gt 20.3 Gt 30% 50% 90% 90% 70% 50% 10% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Fossil Energy Carriers Metals Biomass Minerals Unused Extraction Used Extraction 20.8 Gt Source: OECD Material Flow Analysis Data, SERI
  8. 8. 8 Japan is at the forefront of these developments 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 GDP Municipal waste Material consumption // 0 OECDIndex 1990=100 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Index 1990=100 Material consumption GDP Japan Municipal waste // 0
  9. 9. • EPR is a key policy approach that helps countries get more resource efficient • Used in most OECD countries and beyond • OECD developed EPR guidance in 2001 • 15 years later we are looking at EPR again – it’s time for an update • We developed a quick survey • We are the beginning of this exercise • This is what we know: 9 Extended Producer Responsibility
  10. 10. 10 Regional distribution 48% 42% 4% 2% 4% 0% North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa
  11. 11. • Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment • Packaging • Tyres • End of Life Vehicles/Auto batteries • Others 11 Product groups
  12. 12. 12 Regional distribution – Product groups 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa WEEE Packaging ELVs Tyres Other
  13. 13. 13 Regional distribution – Product groups 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa WEEE Packaging ELVs Tyres Other
  14. 14. 14 Regional distribution – Product groups 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa WEEE Packaging ELVs Tyres Other
  15. 15. 15 Regional distribution – Product groups 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa WEEE Packaging ELVs Tyres Other
  16. 16. • Take-back requirements • Economic instruments – Deposit/refund – Adance disposal fees – Material taxes – Upstream combination tax/subsidy • Recycled content standards 16 Regional distribution - Policy instruments
  17. 17. 17 Regional Distribution – Policy instruments 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa Take-back ADF D/R Other
  18. 18. 18 Regional Distribution – Policy instruments 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa Take-back ADF D/R Other
  19. 19. 19 Regional Distribution – Policy instruments 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 North America Europe Asia Oceania LAC Africa Take-back ADF D/R Other
  20. 20. • Share experience with the design and use of EPR • Identify key areas where guidance would be useful and consensus about measures exists • Involve key emerging market economies in the process and ensure global relevance 20 Objectives of Global Forum
  21. 21. Thank you! www.oecd.org

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