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1
www.rcsglobal.com
Draft Guidance for Governments on
Managing Artisanal and Small-scale Mining
9th ICGLR-OECD-UN GoE Join...
Introduction
2
We developed a shared diagnosis of the
shortcomings of ASM Management
Governments usually knew what objecti...
Scope of the Guidance
3
This Guidance is comprehensive in scope.
It is not intended for governments in only one region.
It...
Structure of the Guidance
4
The Guidance is organized into three phases:
Phase 1: Pre-ASM Management Strategy Development
...
How to use the Guidance
5
The purpose of the Guidance is to offer advice to users about
how a government can manage ASM.
G...
The contribution of the Guidance
6
The Guidance offers advice about how to make ASM
management:
• Strategic. It advises ho...
Differentiating strategy
7
Form a Vision.
ASM is an umbrella
category.
Treating ASM
operations as the
same leads to a
‘blu...
Develop two approaches to ASM
management
8
Choosing a License and
Regulate Approach
9
If a government decides that it has sufficient monitoring and
enforcement capac...
Alternatives to a License and
Regulate Approach
10
Choosing a Promote Good Practices
Approach
11
A Promote Good Practices Approach is what a government does
when it has no w...
Choosing a Promote Good Practices
Approach
12
The advice offered is realistic, context-specific and strategic.
The Guidanc...
Choosing a Promote Good Practices
Approach
13
This presentation does not tell you everything about the
Guidance. Please do...
www.rcsglobal.com
14
Dan Paget
daniel.paget@politics.ox.ac.uk
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Dan Paget, RCS presentation - 9th Multi-stakeholder Forum for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains

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This presentation was made by Dan Paget from RCS Global during the consultation by the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) on the draft Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Guidance for Governments, held during the 9th Multi-stakeholder Forum for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains, held in Paris on 4-6 May 2015.

Find out more at http://mneguidelines.oecd.org/icglr-oecd-un-forum-paris-2015.htm

Publicada em: Governo e ONGs
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Dan Paget, RCS presentation - 9th Multi-stakeholder Forum for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains

  1. 1. 1 www.rcsglobal.com Draft Guidance for Governments on Managing Artisanal and Small-scale Mining 9th ICGLR-OECD-UN GoE Joint Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains 5th May 2015 Dan Paget Lead Author daniel.paget@politics.ox.ac.uk
  2. 2. Introduction 2 We developed a shared diagnosis of the shortcomings of ASM Management Governments usually knew what objectives to set, but not how to achieve them in the face of various obstacles These included: • Challenges of implementation • Challenges of strategy
  3. 3. Scope of the Guidance 3 This Guidance is comprehensive in scope. It is not intended for governments in only one region. It is not intended for management of some minerals and metals, but not others. It is intended to be used by governments, but also by other stakeholders in ASM management. Therefore, it is not primarily concerned with conflict minerals and supply chain initiatives.
  4. 4. Structure of the Guidance 4 The Guidance is organized into three phases: Phase 1: Pre-ASM Management Strategy Development Preparation to manage ASM by forming an ASM Taskforce, a stakeholder forum and commissioning research on ASM Phase 2: Development of an ASM Management Strategy Deciding what instruments and initiatives to use and what purposes they should have. Phase 3: Implementation of the ASM Management Strategy Deciding how to execute those instruments and initiatives
  5. 5. How to use the Guidance 5 The purpose of the Guidance is to offer advice to users about how a government can manage ASM. Guidance is organized as a process that a government can follow section by section to manage ASM from start to finish. The Guidance can also be used as a reference manual. The Guidance lists 19 instruments and initiatives that governments can employ to manage ASM. Phase 2 explains when each of them should be used. Phase 3 explains how each of them should be implemented, individually.
  6. 6. The contribution of the Guidance 6 The Guidance offers advice about how to make ASM management: • Strategic. It advises how governments can best pursue their objectives • Context-specific. It offers different advice to governments under different circumstances. • Cohesive. Instruments and initiatives that a government employs in a strategy should be designed to have different and complementary roles. • Realistic. It repeatedly offers advice intended to ensure governments only attempt what is feasible.
  7. 7. Differentiating strategy 7 Form a Vision. ASM is an umbrella category. Treating ASM operations as the same leads to a ‘blunt’ strategy. Divide ASM into subtypes to sharpen ASM management. Develop sub- strategies.
  8. 8. Develop two approaches to ASM management 8
  9. 9. Choosing a License and Regulate Approach 9 If a government decides that it has sufficient monitoring and enforcement capacity, it should employ a License and Regulate Approach. Legalization: administer a licensing system, and close down ASM operations that do not acquire licenses. Formalization: set regulations for ASM operations, and sets sanctions for those that do not, which end in revoking licenses. Regulation: Regulation can be used to make ASM operations improve their practices. Set regulations to balance incentives Other instruments and initiatives can be used to improve ASM practices further.
  10. 10. Alternatives to a License and Regulate Approach 10
  11. 11. Choosing a Promote Good Practices Approach 11 A Promote Good Practices Approach is what a government does when it has no way of making ASM operations to improve. A government encourage or incentivize ASM operations to adopt good practices, without forcing them to. Education and training: teach practices that are in the interests of ASM operations, ASM workers, or ASM stakeholders. Clean processing plants. Technical assistance and services. These techniques can all be used under a License and Regulate Approach, but they are more important when they are substitutes for, not complements to monitoring and enforcement.
  12. 12. Choosing a Promote Good Practices Approach 12 The advice offered is realistic, context-specific and strategic. The Guidance helps governments choose instruments and initiatives as part of a cohesive package. We hope that by following this advice, government can overcome challenges of strategy and implementation.
  13. 13. Choosing a Promote Good Practices Approach 13 This presentation does not tell you everything about the Guidance. Please download it and read it. This Guidance is a draft, and we expect there to be improvements that we can make We welcome suggestions and contributions that can further improve this document.
  14. 14. www.rcsglobal.com 14 Dan Paget daniel.paget@politics.ox.ac.uk

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