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Factors that affect lls

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Factors that affect lls

  2. 2. * 1. GENDER DIFFERENCES. = Each gender has their own way on learning language strategies. Mostly, females engaged in strategy use more frequently than males. = Female preferred to use Social and Metacognitive strategies most and Memory strategies the least while male preferred to use Metacognitive and Compensation strategies most and Affective strategies the least.
  3. 3. 2. MOTIVATION. = According to Gardner (1985), motivation and attitudes are the primary sources that contributing to individual language learning. = Oxford ang Nyikos (1989), state that the learners with high motivation to learn a language will likely use a variety of strategies. = Dornyei (2001), motivation can be a matter explaining why people decide to do something, how long they are willing to sustain the activity, ang how hard they are going to pursue it.
  4. 4. 3. EXPERIENCES IN STUDY LANGUAGES. = According to Purdie and Olive’s, they state that the importance of experience in studying a language as one of the factors affecting the choices of language learning strategies. = For an example, studying abroad is deemed to have an influence on students’ thought and learning style, especially in their actual ability in language learning.
  5. 5. 4. CULTURAL BAKGROUND. = Different cultural groups and backround use variety kinds of strategies at different levels of frequency. = According to Politzer & McGroarty (1985), Asian students tend to prefer rote memorisation and rule-oriented strategies. = Politzer & McGroarty (1985) and Noguchi (1991) state that the social strategies is the most unpopular strategies among Chinese and Japanese students.
  6. 6. 5. ABILITY OF A PERSON. = A person's attitude about learning a new language will affect his or her ability to do so. = If someone approaches foreign languages as something difficult and tedious, he or she may not make significant progress, whereas very motivated people are likely to do better. = An ability of a person to study a foreign language is very important in order to get an affective language learning strategies.